UPSC Exam | Current Affairs and News Analysis (04-02-2020)

UPSC Exam Current Affairs and News Analysis (04-02-2020)

upsc exam current affairs 04-02-2020

Highlights |UPSC Exam Current Affairs 04-02-2020

UPSC exam current affairs 04-02-2020 The following article contains all the updated events and news for IAS Preparation. Our daily IAS Current Affairs and News cover the most important topics to give precise information to the reader and IAS Aspirants.

  • Religious practices of various faiths
  • nCoV outbreak declared a State calamity in Kerala
  • If tap water meets BIS norms, RO systems will be banned
  • Indian Polity & Federalism

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UPSC Exam Current Affairs 04-02-2020 are followed in the part below:

UPSC Exam Current Affairs and News Analysis (04-02-2020)

Religious practices of various faiths

Part of: GS Prelims and GS Mains II – Secularism

In news:

  • Regardless of whether certain fundamental strict acts of different beliefs, including Islam and Zoroastrianism, ought to be naturally secured?

In past: Women lovers of bleeding age were not allowed to love here, out of regard to the chaste idea of the divinity right now.

1991: A Kerala high-court judgment had sanctioned this Ban, and denied ladies from entering the sanctuary

In 2018: The Constitution seat of the Supreme Court held that any exemption put on ladies as a result of natural contrasts damages the Constitution – that the boycott abuses the privilege to uniformity under Article 14, and opportunity of religion under Article 25

From Prelims Point of View:

Article 14 :

  • The state will not deny to any individual equity under the steady gaze of the law or the equivalent security of the laws inside the region of India.
  • Article 14 of our constitution gives that nobody is exempt from the laws that apply to everyone else of the land.
  • Rule of the Law got from Article 14 of the constitution.
  • Article 14 expects to build up the “Balance of Status and Opportunity” as typified in the Preamble of the Constitution.

Article 25 :

  • No victimization anybody on grounds of confidence,
  • A detachment of religion from legislative issues,
  • Acknowledgement of religion as absolutely and carefully exclusive issues of people having nothing to do with the State.
Daily Current Affairs IAS | UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam – 4th February 2020
Daily Current Affairs IAS | UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam – 4th February 2020

SRC: The Hindu


nCoV outbreak declared a State calamity in Kerala

Part of: GS Prelims and GS Mains II – Secularism

In news:

  • A significant level gathering of Ministers has been established on the headings of Prime Minister Narendra Modi to survey the administration of the episode.

From Prelims Point of View:

Novel coronavirus 2019-nCoV :

  • coronavirus is an enormous group of infections that are regularly the wellspring of respiratory contaminations, including the normal virus.
  • As indicated by the World Health Organization, during past episodes because of different coronaviruses, human-to-human transmission happened through beads or items reaching, recommending that the transmission method of the 2019-Nov can be indistinguishable.
  • Manifestations may incorporate fever, hack and brevity of breath.
  • Anti-infection agents don’t neutralize such popular pneumonia and there are no antibodies against them.
  • The infection is infectious in any event, during brooding, that is even before a patient displays any manifestations. This trademark intensifies transmissibility.

NCRB study on Missing Women & Children 

Part of: GS Prelims and GS Mains II – Secularism

In news:

  • In 2019, the Supreme Court had coordinated the NCRB to “investigate the information on missing people [especially on ladies and children], with the goal that territories inclined to people being dealt can be distinguished”.
  • The report says that the most noteworthy number of ladies and youngsters who disappear in the nation are from Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh separately.
Daily Current Affairs IAS | UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam – 4th February 2020
Daily Current Affairs IAS | UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam – 4th February 2020

SRC: The Hindu

From Prelims Point of View:

National Crime Record Bureau

  • HQ in New Delhi, set-up in 1986 under the Ministry of Home Affairs.
  • To work as a vault of data on wrongdoing and lawbreakers in order to help the specialists in connecting wrongdoing to the culprits.
  • It was set up dependent on the proposals of the National Police Commission (1977-1981) and the MHA’s Task Force (1985).
  • NCRB draws out the yearly extensive insights of wrongdoing the nation over (‘Crime in India’ report).
  • The report fills in as a vital device in understanding the peace circumstance the nation over.

If tap water meets BIS norms, RO systems will be banned

Part of: GS Prelims and GS Mains II – Health

In news:

  • Association Environment Ministry has distributed a draft notice that viably forbids clients from introducing layer-based water decontamination, (RO), frameworks in their homes if the water has been sourced from an inventory that meets the Bureau of Indian Standards’ (BIS) drinking water standards.

From Prelims Point of View:

Membrane-based water purification (Osmosis) :

  • Assimilation is the normally happening propensity for two arrangements of contrasting salinities to need to kill.
  • Turn around Osmosis uses strain to beat the characteristic propensity and to compel unadulterated water through a semi-porous layer while concentrating salts and other disintegrated solids on the feed side of the film.
  • It is regularly used to produce clean drinking water from salty groundwater.

Bureau of Indian Standards:

  • National Standard Body of India for the agreeable improvement of the exercises of institutionalization, checking and quality affirmation of products.
  • BIS has been giving recognizability and substance advantages to the national economy in various manners by:

Providing safe reliable quality goods.

Minimizing health hazards to consumers.

Promoting exports and imports substitute.

Control over the proliferation of varieties etc through standardization, certification and testing.


(MAINS FOCUS)


Indian Polity & Federalism

Topic: General Studies 2:

  • Capacities and obligations of the Union and the States, issues and difficulties relating to the government structure

Bodo Issue

Context 

The marking of Historic Comprehensive Bodo Settlement Agreement (third Bodo Accord in three decades) in Jan 2020 between Government of India (Ministry of Home Affairs), Government of Assam and Bodo delegates.

Bodo delegates included: Bodoland Territorial Council (BTC), All Bodo Students Union (ABSU), United Boro People Organization (UBPO), National Democratic Front of Bodoland (NDFB) groups

Daily Current Affairs IAS | UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam – 4th February 2020
Daily Current Affairs IAS | UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam – 4th February 2020

Pic Source: Yahoo news

Who are Bodos?

Bodos are the single biggest ancestral network in Assam, making up more than 5-6 percent of the state’s populace. They have controlled huge pieces of Assam before

A timeline of Bodo Conflict 

Despite the fact that the Bodo unsettling has a long history that goes back to the pre-Independence time, the development picked up energy in the late 1980s, when calls were made for the bifurcation the territory of Assam.

1929 – Bodo pioneer Gurudev Kalicharan Brahma presents a reminder to the Simon Commission requesting reservations in the Legislative gathering, and for a different political element for his kin. His endeavours go futile.

The 1960s and 1970s – There are calls from Bodos and different clans for a different province of ‘Udayachal’ as migrants are blamed for illicitly infringing on Bodo-occupied terrains.

The late 1980s – Calls for a different state for Bodos – Bodoland – and for Assam to be split “50-50” is raised. The interest was fundamentally driven through tranquil strategies by All Bodo Students Union (ABSU) and its pioneer Upendranath Brahma

Likewise during this time outfitted rebel gathering – The National Democratic Front of Bodoland is established (1986).

Why the demand for separate Bodoland?

  • For a considerable length of time, they endure Sanskritisation without surrendering their unique ethnic personality. In any case, in the twentieth century, they needed to handle a progression of issues, for example, unlawful migration, the infringement of their territories, constrained osmosis, loss of language and culture.
  • The Bodos have in this manner not just become an ethnic minority in their own tribal land however have additionally been battling for their reality and status as an ethnic network.
  • The development topped during the 1980s basically because of Assam development and its zenith with the Assam Accord which tended to the requests of security and shields for the “Assamese individuals”. This leads the Bodos to dispatch a development to ensure their own character.

Progress made by the government for resolution of Bodo issue

First Accord – Feb 1993 

The Bodoland Autonomous Council (BAC) is comprised after the Center, the Assam government and the ABSU consent to a tripartite arrangement.

However, soon a segment of Bodo individuals dismissed the understanding and asserted it was “deficient” to meet the since quite a while ago loved the political desires of the individuals.

But, soon a section of Bodo people rejected the accord and claimed it was “inadequate” to meet the long-cherished political aspirations of the people. 

The Bodo Liberation Tigers (BLT), an equipped guerilla gathering, shaped in June 1996, propelled its outfitted development for a different Bodoland state.

Second Accord- Feb 2003

Following six years of rebellious exercises, BLT consented to a tripartite arrangement with the Center and Assam government.

The second Bodo accord prompted the arrangement of the Bodoland Territorial Council (BTC) under the arrangements of the Sixth Schedule of the Constitution, which had more political force than the BACA huge number of the BLT frameworks were invested in the CRPF.

The region under the BTC purview is formally called the Bodoland Territorial Area Districts (BTAD) involving 3,082 towns in four regions—Kokrajhar, Chirang, Udalguri and Baska.

Be that as it may, ABSU proceeded with its development of independent Statehood and various groups of NDFB kept on doing an attempt at manslaughter activities, and upset the harmony.

Third Accord – Jan 2020

The 2020 agreement has the following provisions:

  • Renaming: From BTAD to Bodoland Territorial Region.
  • A commission (agent of ABSU, BTC and State) under Section 14 of the Sixth Schedule to the Constitution of India, which will suggest the consideration or avoidance of innate populace dwelling in towns connecting BTAD regions.
  • Redrawing Boundaries: Villages ruled by Bodos that were available outside the BTAD would be incorporated and those with non-Bodo populace would be prohibited
  • Bodoland Territorial Council (BTC)- The understanding would prompt progressively authoritative, official, regulatory and budgetary forces of the BTC remembering an expansion for seats from 40 to 60
  • Bodos living in the slopes would be allowed Scheduled Hill Tribe status.
  • Bodo language with Devnagri content will turn into a partner official language for the whole of Assam and a different directorate for Bodo medium schools will be set up.
  • Improvement Package of ₹1500 crore by the Center for the advancement of Bodo regions
  • Bodo-Kachari Welfare Council for centred improvement of Bodo towns outside BTAD
  • The understanding likewise included recovery of individuals from the National Democratic Front of Bodoland (NDFB) groups more than 1500 equipped units will repudiate brutality and join the standard

The implication of the Third Accord

The understanding is hailed as a perpetual answer for contention, which has taken more than 4,000 human lives.

Home Minister expressed that Assam’s regional honesty is guaranteed with this understanding, as each and every Bodo bunch has gone ahead board.

Improved spotlight by the Union government on handling the issues of North-East to usher advancement in the district.

This is reflected in Bru-Reang understanding marked on January 16, 2020, to end the helpful emergency in Meghalaya and Tripura, the ongoing give up of 644 equipped units in Assam and give up of 88 furnished NLFT frameworks in Tripura to carry them to the standard.

Conclusion

The harmony in Bodoland Territorial Region will rely upon the developing connection between the Bodos, the prevailing however not the greater part in the BTR and different networks.

It likewise relies upon the last execution of the agreement and the capacity of the state to restore the aggressors in order to keep them from taking up hostile to social exercises.


(TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE)


Model questions: (You can now post your answers in the comment section)

Q 1. One of the implications of equality in society is the absence of ?

  1. Privileges 
  2. Restraints
  3. Competition 
  4. Ideology

No Right is absolute, exclusive or inviolable. The Right of personal property, similarly, has to be perceived in the larger context of its assumed legitimacy. The Right of personal property should unite the principle of liberty with that of equality, and both with the principle of cooperation.


Q2. In light of the argument in the above passage, which one of the following statements is the most convincing explanation?

  1. The Right of personal property is a Natural Right duly supported by statutes and scriptures.
  2. Personal property is theft and an instrument of exploitation. The Right of personal property is therefore violative of economic justice.
  3. The Right of personal property is violative of distributive justice and negates the principle of cooperation.
  4. The comprehensive idea of economic justice demands that the Right of each person to the acquisition of property has to be reconciled with that of others.

Q 3. In India, if a religious sect/community is given the status of a national minority, what special advantages it is entitled to? 

  1. It can establish and administer exclusive educational institutions.
  2. The President of India automatically nominates a representative of the community to Lok Sabha.
  3. It can derive benefits from the Prime Minister’s 15-Point Programme.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only 
  2. 2 and 3
  3. 1 and 3
  4. 1, 2 and 3


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