How to Cover United Nations and Its Organs For UPSC Prelims

How to Cover United Nations and Its Organs For UPSC Prelims

Preparing for the UPSC Prelims can be a daunting task, especially when it comes to covering topics like the United Nations (UN) and its various organs. However, with the right approach and a systematic method, you can effectively study and understand these topics. In this article, we will discuss some tips and strategies to help you cover the United Nations and its organs for the UPSC Prelims.

Understanding the United Nations

The United Nations was established on October 24, 1945, with the aim of maintaining international peace and security, developing friendly relations among nations, and promoting social progress, better living standards, and human rights. It serves as a platform for member states to address global issues and collaborate on various matters of common interest.

Key Organs of the United Nations

The United Nations operates through several organs that carry out various functions and responsibilities. Some of the key organs include:

General Assembly: The United Nations’ General Assembly serves as the primary forum for discussion and decision-making on policies. It consists of all member states and meets yearly to discuss and address global issues, international cooperation, and the adoption of resolutions.
The Security Council: maintains international peace and security. It has 15 members, including five permanent members (China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States) and ten non-permanent members.
Economic and Social Council: The Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) promotes international economic and social cooperation. It coordinates the work of various specialized agencies and regional commissions to address social and economic issues.
International Court of Justice: The International Court of Justice (ICJ) is the primary judicial organ of the United Nations. It settles legal disputes between states and provides advisory opinions on legal questions referred to it by authorized international organizations.
Secretariat: The Secretariat carries out the day-to-day work of the United Nations. It is headed by the Secretary-General, who acts as the chief administrative officer of the organization.

Study Tips for UPSC Prelims

To effectively cover the United Nations and its organs for the UPSC Prelims, consider the following study tips:

  • Start with an overview: Understand the history, purpose, and functioning of the United Nations as a whole before diving into its various organs.
  • Focus on the key organs: Pay more attention to the General Assembly, Security Council, Economic and Social Council, International Court of Justice, and the Secretariat. These organs play significant roles in the functioning of the United Nations.
  • Study current affairs: Stay updated with recent developments involving the United Nations. It will help you grasp the practical application and relevance of the organization.
  • Utilize online resources: There are several reliable online resources available, such as official UN websites, research papers, and journals. Utilize these resources to get in-depth information and valuable insights.
  • Practice questions: Solve previous years’ question papers and practice mock tests to assess your understanding and improve your answering speed.


Covering the United Nations and its organs may seem challenging, but with proper preparation and a focused approach, you can master these topics for the UPSC Prelims. Use the study tips mentioned above, stay consistent, and keep revising the concepts regularly to enhance your chances of success in the exam.

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