IAS Coaching Current Affairs and News Analysis (04-11-2019)

current affair 4 November

Highlights |IAS Current Affairs 04-11-2019

Current Affairs and News (04-11-2019)- The following article contains all the updated events and news for IAS Preparation. Our daily IAS Current Affairs and News cover the most important topics to give precise information to the reader and IAS Aspirants.

  • NRC exercise
  • Lone wolf attacks
  • DUSTLIK-2019
  • GAGAN – GPS aided geo-augmented navigation
  • Dhanush regiment
  • NavIC

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IAS Coaching Current Affairs 04-11-2019 are followed in the part below:

IAS Current Affairs and News Analysis (04-11-2019)

NRC exercise

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-II – Federalism

In News

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  1. Chief Justice of India said that the Assam National Register of Citizens (NRC) process, meant to identify illegal migrants was “neither a new or novel idea” but only an attempt to update the 1951 list.
  2. The court’s intervention led to the publication of the final citizenship list on August 31.
  3. Over 19 lakh out of the 3.29 crore applicants in Assam were excluded from the final NRC list.
  4. These people face uncertain days ahead trying to prove their Indian citizenship through appeals filed in foreigners’ tribunals.
  5. NRC is the register containing names of Indian Citizens. It was prepared first in 1951 after the conduct of the Census of 1951.
  6. It is used to identify who is a bona fide Indian citizen and those who fail to enlist in the register will be deemed, illegal migrants.

Lone wolf attacks

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-III – Security

In News

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  • A high alert has been given to security powers the nation over by focal insight organizations, cautioning of conceivable ‘solitary wolf’ assaults by Islamic State (IS) agents
  • A “solitary wolf” is a fear-based oppressor who does assaults alone without having any immediate contact with any association.
  • Home Ministry has noticed the announced nexus between home-developed fear outfits and Pakistan-based radical associations as far as obtainment of weapons, innovation and preparing have added another measurement to the dangerous situation.
  • The ongoing withdrawal of extraordinary status to Jammu and Kashmir under Articles 370 and 35A and the prior pre-emptive air strike on non-military focuses inside Pakistan by Indian Air Force had extensively improved the risk from dread outfits

DUSTLIK-2019

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-III – Security

In News

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  • Barrier Minister Rajnath Singh and his Uzbekistan partner directed the Curtain Raiser of the first-since forever India-Uzbekistan Joint Exercise – Dustlik-2019.
  • The joint military exercise concentrated on counter-psychological warfare begins on November 4 and will proceed till November 13, at Chirchiq Training Area close to Tashkent.
  • The activity will empower the sharing of best practices and encounters between the Armed Forces of the two nations and would prompt more noteworthy operational adequacy.
  • India and Uzbekistan additionally finished up an MoU on participation in the field of Military Medicine between the Armed Forces of the two nations.

GAGAN – GPS aided geo-augmented navigation

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-II – Federalism 

In News

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  • Around 500 traveler trains of the South Central Railway (SCR) have been fitted with the recently grown Real-time Train Information System (RTIS) to screen exact paces and development all through the adventure
  • It has been created by the Center for Railway Information Systems (CIRE) with the assistance ofGAGAN framework
  • The new framework has encouraged the programmed transmission of subtleties on the speed and development of trains to the focal control office.

About GAGAN

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  • GPS Aided GEO Augmented Navigation (GAGAN), created by ISRO and Airports Authority of India(AAI) is a local Satellite Based Augmentation System (SBAS).
  • The’s GAGAN will likely give a route framework to help airship in exact arriving over the Indian airspace and in the abutting region and material to security to-life common tasks.
  • GAGAN is between operable with other worldwide SBAS frameworks.
  • GAGAN covers the region from Africa to Australia and has development capacity for consistent route benefits over the area.
  • GAGAN makes carrier tasks increasingly productive and successful, increment air security, and eco-friendliness.

Dhanush regiment

Part of: GS Prelims and GS Mains III – Security

In News

  • The Army, which started drafting the indigenously overhauled Dhanush big guns weapons, will have the main regiment set up by March 2020 and will get each of the 114 firearms by 2022
  • Dhanush is the indigenously redesigned variation of the Swedish Bofors weapon imported during the 1980s.
  • Dhanush is a 155 mm, 45-bore towed big guns firearm with a scope of 36km and has shown a scope of 38 km with a particular ammo.
  • It is fitted with an inertial route framework having worldwide situating framework based weapon recording and auto-laying, an improved strategic PC for on-board ballistic calculations, an on-board gag speed recording, a robotized firearm locating framework furnished with a camera, warm imaging, and laser go discoverer.

NavIC

Part of: GS Prelims and Mains GS-III – Science & Technology

In News

  • ISRO and it’s business arm Antrix Corporation Ltd. is ready to market India’s territorial route satellite framework, NavIC.
  • Antrixhas as of late coasted two separate tenders to distinguish ventures that can create devoted NavIC-based equipment and frameworks.
  • NavIC (Navigation in Indian Constellation) is the Indian arrangement of eight satellites that are planned for telling the business and individual clients where they are, or how their items and administrations are moving.
  • The indigenous situating or area-based help (LBS) works simply like the setup and prevalent U.S. Worldwide Positioning System or GPS yet inside a 1,500-km span over the sub-mainland.
  • The early arrangement of business NavIC clients would conceivably be transporters of assets, for example mined mineral, coal, and sand in different States, who are directly utilizing a GPS framework
  • In 2018, the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways ordered that all national-license vehicles must have such GPS beacons. As a pilot, many angling vessels have been fitted with these gadgets that have a one of a kind messaging office.

Positive developments

  • ISRO declared that Qualcomm Technologies Inc., the main maker of semiconductor chips, had created and tried NavIC-accommodating chipsets over its client bases and that it would add NavIC to them.
  • Confirmation of the Indian NAVIC framework by the 3GPP (The third Generation Partnership Project), a worldwide body for organizing versatile communication gauges.

(MAINS FOCUS)


POLITY

TOPIC: General Studies 2:

  • Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

Telecom sector and (Adjusted gross revenue) AGR

Context:

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  • On October 24, the Supreme Court maintained the Department of Telecom (DoT’s) an elucidation of “balanced gross income” (AGR), which came as a gigantic hit to telecom specialist co-ops.
  • Following the request, the telcos are currently gazing at the duty of an expected Rs 1.4 lakh crore, which should be paid to the administration inside a quarter of a year.
  • Most industry players and experts have contended that the payout of the colossal sum could be the completing touch for the effectively upset division.

Adjusted Gross Revenue  AGR:

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  • Balanced Gross Revenue alludes to net pay balanced for standard derivations.
  • In India, AGR has explicitly gotten significant for telecom organizations since the installment made to the legislature is based on the AGR.

Crux:

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  • The meaning of AGR has been undersuit for a long time.
  • The telecom organizations as of now contend that AGR ought to incorporate salary just from telecom tasks and exclude pay from different exercises, for example, lease, deal, and so forth.
  • According to DoT, the charges are determined dependent on all incomes earned by a telco – including non-telecom related sources, for example, store premiums and resource deals.
  • Telcos, on their part, demand that AGR ought to contain just the incomes produced from telecom administrations.
  • At present, telecom administrators pay 8% of the AGR as permit expense, while range utilization charges (SUC) fluctuate between 3-5% of AGR.

Current status:

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  • The aggregate sum to the legislature is to be paid by around 15 administrators.
  • 10 of them have either shut tasks or are experiencing indebtedness procedures over the most recent 14 years.
  • So the legislature is probably not going to recoup the whole measure of duty owed to it.

Telecom stress:

  • The telecom industry is under a debt of over Rs  4 lakh crore 
  • Seeking a relief package from the government.

Way forward:

  • The administration as of late reported setting up a Committee of Secretaries to inspect the money related worry in the area and prescribe measures to alleviate it.
  • The Committee of Secretaries, headed by Cabinet Secretary Rajiv Gauba, will have Secretaries of Ministries of Finance, Telecommunication, and Law, among others as individuals and take a gander at “all perspectives” of the budgetary pressure.
  • It will likewise consider a portion of the long-standing requests of the business, incorporating allowing a postponement in an installment of levy for the range for the following two monetary years (2020-21 and 2021-22).
  • The advisory group will likewise take a gander at the interest for a decrease in the SUC and all-inclusive assistance commitment finance demand.

What if no relief?

  • In the event that the administration doesn’t report any help measures for the area, Vodafone Idea would be in a “problematic circumstance”, including that there is a solid plausibility that the Indian telecom market could, in the end, have just two private players.

Connecting the dots:

  • Incomparable Court request backing the Department of Telecom’s meaning of balanced net income hit the telcos. Basically Analyze

ENVIRONMENT 

TOPIC: General Studies 3:

  • Conservation, environmental pollution, and degradation, environmental impact assessment 

Air pollution in Delhi (part 2)

Context:

  • All schools in Delhi will be shut until  (November 5) , after the Environment Pollution (Prevention and Control) Authority (EPCA) ordered a complete shutdown of construction in Delhi, Noida, Gurgaon, Ghaziabad, and Greater Noida.

Causes of poor air quality

  • Absence of dynamic observing
  • Engine vehicle outflows
  • wood-consuming flames, fires on horticultural land, fumes from diesel generators, dust from building destinations, consuming trash.
  • The Badarpur Thermal Power Station, a coal-terminated power plant, is another significant wellspring of air contamination in Delhi.
  • In perspective on the hindering impact on the earth, the power plant has been for all time shut down since 15 October 2018
  • The float/fog outflows from the wet cooling towers are additionally a wellspring of a particulate issue as they are broadly utilized in industry and different segments for scattering heat in cooling frameworks.
  • 10% of the Delhi populace utilizes wood, crop buildup, dairy animals compost, and coal for cooking. (Enumeration India, 2011}
  • Rural stubble consuming
  • Overwhelming metal-rich sparklers

Effects:

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  • Almost 2.2 million kids in Delhi have irreversible lung harm because of the low quality of the air.
  • Contamination can bring down youngsters’ safe framework and increment the dangers of malignancy, epilepsy, diabetes and even grown-up beginning illnesses like numerous sclerosis
  • Poor air quality is a reason for decreased lung limit, migraines, sore throats, hacks, weariness, lung disease, and early demise.

Control measures:

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  • All Delhi schools will stay shut for a couple of days
  • No development and destruction work for the following not many days
  • All diesel generator sets prohibited for the following hardly any days, aside from at medical clinics and in crises.
  • The coal-based Badarpur control plant shut down.
  • The Environment Department will dispatch an application to screen the consuming of leaves
  • Vacuum cleaning of streets
  • Water sprinkling.

   Significant incident 

  • In December 2017 during a test coordinate between Sri Lankan and Indian cricket crews in New Delhi, Sri Lanka players started to feel breathing issues and a few players regurgitated both in the bathrooms and in the field and needed to utilize face veils until the match was halted.

Connecting the dots:

  • Critical correctives are required, or deadly winter contamination will turn into the new typical. Legitimize

(TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE)


Model questions: (You can now post your answers in the comment section)

Q.1) Consider the following statements about GAGAN – GPS Aided geo-augmented navigation.

  1. It was developed by ISRO and Airports Authority of India(AAI) 
  2. It covers the area from Africa to Australia and has expansion capability for seamless navigation services across the region.
  3. It makes airline operations more efficient and effective, increases air safety, and fuel efficiency.

Select the correct statements

  1. 1 and 2
  2. 2 and 3
  3. 1 and 3
  4. All of the above

Q.2) Consider the following statements about NaVIC

  1. It is India’s own Regional Navigation Satellite System
  2. It is designed to provide accurate position information service to users in India as well as the region extending up to 1500 km from its boundary

Select the correct statements

  1. Only 1
  2. Only 2
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.3) Consider the following statements about Dhanush artillery gun

  1. It is the indigenously upgraded variant of the Swedish Bofors gun imported in the 1980s.
  2. It has a range of nearly 150 km

Which of the following statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.4) DUSTLIK is joined military exercise conducted between India and _________

  1. Kazakhstan
  2. Turkmenistan 
  3. Uzbekistan
  4. Mongolia

Q.5) Consider the following statements about National Register of Citizens (NRC)

  1. NRC is the register containing names of Indian Citizens. It was prepared first in 1963 after the conduct of the Census of 1961.
  2. Over 19 lakh out of the 3.29 crore applicants were excluded from the updated NRC list (in Assam) published in August 2019.

Which of the following statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

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