UPSC Exam Current Affairs and News Analysis (03-10-2019)

upsc exam current affairs 03-10-2019

Highlights |UPSC Exam Current Affairs 03-10-2019

Current Affairs and News (03-10-2019)- The following article contains all the updated events and news for IAS Preparation. Our daily IAS Current Affairs and News cover the most important topics to give precise information to the reader and IAS Aspirants.

  • OPEN-DEFECATION FREE (ODF)
  • Vayoshreshtha Samman
  • India hails U.K. verdict on former Nizam
  • Inter-State portability for ration cards launched
  • Monsoon Prediction
  • Pyrofuse
  • ‘Einstein Challenge’
  • Community fridge
  • Bioswale
  • India-Bangladesh ties to move to the next level
  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi declared India “open defecation-free”.

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UPSC Exam Current Affairs and News Analysis (03-10-2019)

OPEN-DEFECATION FREE (ODF)

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-II- Health

In News

  • On the event of the 150th birth commemoration of Mahatma Gandhi, PM Modi reported that rustic India and its towns have pronounced themselves open-poo free (ODF).

What is ODF?

  • A town is ODF when: (I) there is no obvious defecation in the town, and (ii) each family unit just as open/network organization utilizes safe innovation alternatives for fecal transfer.
  • After a town announces itself ODF, states are required to do confirmation of the ODF status of such a town. This incorporates access to a latrine office and its use and safe transfer of fecal issues through septic tanks.

Do You know?

  • In 60 months, in excess of 60 crores, individuals were furnished with 11 crore toilets.
  • As indicated by the UNICEF report, there is a positive effect, worth Rs 20 lakh crore, on the Indian economy because of the Swachh Bharat battle.
  • It has made changes of 75 lakh occupations out of which a lion’s share has been profited by the country populace”

Vayoshreshtha Samman

Part of: GS Prelims and Mains GS-I – Society

In News

  • These are given to famous senior residents and Institutions associated with rendering recognized administrations for the reason for older people.
  • The arrangement of grants was founded by the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment in the year 2005 and was raised to the degree of national honors in 2013.
  • For the most part, the honors are presented by the President of India on the first October for example on the event of International Day of Older Persons (IDOP).
  • This year Tamil Nadu is given the honor for the best State in actualizing the Maintenance and Welfare of Parents and Senior Citizens Act, 2007
  • Tamil Nadu State has set up upkeep councils under the Act in each sub-division, yet 50% of the cases are settled through assuagement.
  • The city committee of Until, in the Ujjain area of Madhya Pradesh, will get the honor for the best urban neighborhood body for its provision of restorative administrations, salary age plans, an annuity to seniors.

India hails U.K. verdict on former Nizam

Part of: GS Prelims and GS Mains I – Modern History

In News

  • The case identifies with the exchange of £1,007,940 (presently worth £35 million) and nine shillings by the Nizam’s emissary and remote priest in London on September 16, 1948, to Pakistan which the bank handled on September 20, 1948
  • Notwithstanding, Hyderabad’s military had just given up to India on September 17, 1948, after a military activity known as “Activity Polo.”
  • Inside long stretches of give up, Nizam made an impression on Bank requesting that the cash be moved back to his record which was protested by Pakistan

Do You Know?

  • Almost 560 Princely states consented to India at the hour of Independence-aside from Junagadh, Hyderabad, and Kashmir. Later these three states were incorporated into India through Plebiscite, Military activity and Signing of Instrument of Accession individually
  • India’s outer limits have changed just multiple times—when Goa was subsumed into the Indian Union in 1961, Pondicherry in 1962 (authoritatively) and Sikkim in 1975

Inter-State portability for ration cards launched

Part of: GS Prelims and GS Mains II – Governance

In News

  • A between State movability for proportion cards has been propelled for Rajasthan and Haryana to encourage the circulation of foodgrains to recipients of the National Food Security conspire.
  • Workers in the chaotic part, moving from one State to the next looking for work, will essentially profit by the plan

Do You Know? 

  • In August 2019, the Government of India propelled the One Nation-One Ration Card conspire on a pilot premise in four States in particular Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, and Gujarat.
  • This will give opportunity to the recipients as they won’t be attached to anyone PDS shop and diminish their reliance on retailers and abridge occurrences of debasement

Monsoon Prediction

Part of: GS Prelims and GS Mains I – Geography

In News

  • The new storm model called the Coupled Forecast Model (CFS), conveyed by the IMD under the National Monsoon Mission (NMM) has neglected to estimate the overabundance precipitation got during August-September 2019.
  • India this year may have recorded its most elevated storm downpour in 25 years. India wound up with 10% more storm downpour (or 110% of the extensive stretch normal LPA of 887 mm) than expected

National Monsoon Mission (NMM)

  • It was propelled by Ministry of Earth Sciences to construct a sea climatic model for
    • improved expectation of storm precipitation on stretched out range to occasional time scale (16 days to one season) and
    • improved forecast of temperature, precipitation and extraordinary climate occasions on short to medium range time scale (as long as 15 days).
  • Dynamical models likewise called CFS depend on catching the communications between the land, sea, and climate and following how the adjustments in each influence the other for determining the rainstorm.
  • The land, environment, and sea state at a particulate time, by and large, March is scientifically mimicked on supercomputers (Prithvi High-Performance Computers at Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology Pune) and extrapolated into the storm months.

Pyrofuse

Part of: GS Prelims and GS Mains III –Science & Technology

In News

  • Cutting off power in a mishap is key in Electric Vehicles to forestall vehicle inhabitants, rescuers from enduring electric stun
  • Profuse are little gadgets that “victory” entire areas of the link associated with the high-voltage battery by methods for smaller than normal hazardous charges, in this way rapidly and adequately closing off the power flow
  • For instance, if the airbag sensor recognizes an effect, the minor gadgets — estimating close to 10 mm by 10 mm and gauging a couple of grams — trigger the profuse.
  • This sets off little blasts that drive a wedge into the high-voltage link between the battery unit and the powerful hardware, separating the two.
  • By in this manner removing the progression of intensity, the danger of electric stun or fire is completely disposed of.

Miscellaneous

‘Einstein Challenge’

  • Albert Einstein’s popular words on Gandhi: “Ages to come will rare accept that such a one as this ever in fragile living creature and blood strolled upon this world”
  • PM reported Einstein Challenge to guarantee the goals of Gandhi are recollected by people in the future
  • In this, he welcomed scholars, business people, and tech pioneers to lead the pack to spread Gandhi’s thoughts through advancement.

Community fridge

  • To check Gandhi Jayanti, South Western Railway in relationship with Feeding India NGO, introduced a network cooler at Bangalore Railway Station
  • Anybody can keep abundance nourishment in the cooler and individuals needing it can take it.
  • The move will profit vagrant workers, everyday wage laborers, and needy individuals.

Bioswale

  • These are vegetated channels to oversee water, suggested as long-tern reasonable answer for urban floods (Patna Floods)
  • They are for quite some time, directed sadness or channel that gets water spillover and has vegetation, (for example, grasses, blooming herbs, and bushes) and natural issue, (for example, mulch) to slow water penetration and channel out poisons
  • Bioswales are the best sort of green foundation office in easing back spillover speed and purging water while energizing the basic groundwater table.

(MAINS FOCUS)


INDIA’S FOREIGN RELATIONS

TOPIC: General Studies 2:

  • India and its neighborhood- relations.
  • Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests

India-Bangladesh ties to move to the next level

Context:

  • Bangladesh Prime Minister Sheik Hasina will set out on a four-day visit to India starting with a plan to additionally escalate reciprocal relations between the two nations.
  • There is the extension for India-Bangladesh binds to move to the following level, in view of participation, coordination, and solidification

Did you know:

Image: https://www.mapsofindia.com/neighbouring-countries-maps/maps/india-bangladesh-map.jpg

  • Bangladesh shares land fringes with India toward the west, north and the east and Myanmar toward the east, though the Bay of Bengal misleads its south.
  • Bangladesh’s property fringe with India is very long extending up to 2,582 miles.
  • Indian states Assam, Tripura, Mizoram, Meghalaya, and West Bengal share the India-Bangladesh fringe.
  • The nation’s topography is ruled by the Ganges delta which exhausts into the Bay of Bengal the consolidated waters of a few stream frameworks, including those of the Brahmaputra and the Ganges
  • The imperiled Bengal tiger, the national creature.
  • The outskirts of present-day Bangladesh were set up with the division of Bengal and India in August 1947, when the area turned out to be East Pakistan as a piece of the recently framed State of Pakistan following the Boundary of the Partition of India. Later the ascent of the Bengali patriot and self-assurance development prompted the Liberation War and in the long run, brought about the rise of Bangladesh as a free sovereign in 1971
  • Bengalis, who communicate in the official Bengali language, make up 98% of the number of inhabitants in Bangladesh
  • Islam is the nation’s built up religion Islam is the nation’s built up religion Islam is the nation’s built up religion
  • In the ongoing years, Bangladesh has enlisted remarkable accomplishment in utilizing Microcredit as an instrument for destitution easing, ladies strengthening, age of salary through fare of RMG, populace control, lessening youngster mortality and fighting cataclysmic events;
  •  The nation keeps on confronting the difficulties of Rohingya exile, fear-based oppression, defilement, and inconsistent environmental change

India- Bangladesh relations:

  • Normal individuals from SAARC, BIMSTEC, IORA and the Commonwealth.
  • The two nations share numerous social ties. (esp: Bengali-talking)
  • In 1971, the Bangladesh Liberation War broke out between East Pakistan and West Pakistan; India interceded in December 1971 in the interest of East Pakistan and verified East Pakistan’s autonomy from Pakistan as the nation of Bangladesh.
  • Since 2015, the striking improvements have taken like goals of long-pending area and oceanic limits.
  • Watched increment in reciprocal exchange from US$9 billion to US$10.46 billion in the Fiscal Year (FY) 2018-19, trailed by US$7 billion to US$9 billion in FY 2017-18, an expansion of 28.5 percent.

Present scenario:

  • India and Bangladesh today appreciate probably the best time of their relationship, with positive improvement in the zones of discretionary, political, financial and security relations.
  • The present Bangladesh government has removed security dangers and demonstrations of uprising against India
  • The India-Bangladesh outskirt is one of India’s most verified
  • The marking of the Land Boundary Agreement in 2015 was an achievement
  • Land Boundary Agreement in 2015
  • Respective exchange was somewhat over $9 billion in FY 2017-18 and Bangladeshi fares expanded by 42.91%.
  • Indian fare of power expanded by another 500 MW. A 1,600 MW control station with a committed transmission framework is being created to support the control exchange.
  • Train administrations are progressing nicely, Five extra transport administrations were presented in 2018
  • Bangladeshi vacationers represented 21.6% of the absolute level of sightseers visiting India in 2018
  • Bangladesh contributes half of India’s wellbeing the travel industry income
  • Fringe killings have diminished.
  • Since 2010, India has endorsed three credit extensions to Bangladesh of $7.362 billion to fund advancement ventures. Because of bureaucratic formality, just $442 million has been dispensed till December 2018
  • Memoranda of comprehension were additionally marked for participation between the maritime powers.

Issues yet to be settled :

  1. Teesta Water Sharing Agreement. 
  • Teesta River long waterway that ascents in the eastern Himalayas, moves through the Indian conditions of West Bengal and Sikkim through Bangladesh and enters the Bay of Bengal.
  • West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee’s refusal to embrace water-sharing terms settled upon by Prime Minister Modi in 2015 has brought about the ebb and flow stalemate.
  1. National Register of Citizens (NRC)
  • The National Register of Citizens (NRC) has forgotten about 1.9 million Assamese from the rundown with a gathering marked as “illicit outsiders from Bangladesh” living in Assam post-1971. (Bangladesh can’t)
  1. Rohingya issue
  • The Rohingya issue and India’s comments in 2017 on the issue have been upsetting for Bangladesh.
  • The Indian government is worried over Rohingyas’ stay in India for security areas, it is searching for approaches to oust more than 40,000 Rohingyas living in the nation unlawfully.

Way forward:

  • Expulsion of non-duty hindrances will help Bangladeshi fares, for example, orchestrating the gauges for products acknowledged by India
  • Endorsed credit extensions to Bangladesh must be cleared on schedule
  • The two nations must arrive at accord on issues like NRC, Rohingya and Teesta streams.

Conclusion:

  • In a local where doubt and skepticism beat kinship and hope(Pakistan and China), the connection between the two countries(India and Bangladesh) has given trust in good faith.

Connecting the dots:

  • India-Bangladesh relations have developed in the most recent decade with advancement in numerous regions of collaboration. Validate.

HEALTH

TOPIC: General Studies 2:

  • Issues relating to the development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi declared India “open defecation-free”.

Context:

  • The prime minister Narendra Modi said that the towns in India have announced themselves open poo free.
  • The executive made the declaration within the sight of more than 20,000 town heads at an occasion to check the 150th birth commemoration of Mahatma Gandhi at Sabarmati Riverfront in Gujarat.
  • The leader said that 99 percent of rustic India was open poo free

Background:

  • Open poo and defilement of drinking and washing water have been an endemic clean issue in India.
  •  In 2014, India was the nation with the most elevated number of individuals rehearsing open poop, around 530 million individuals

Swachh Bharat Abhiyan (SBA) or Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM):

  • An across the nation crusade in India for the period 2014 to 2019 that plans to tidy up the avenues, streets, and framework of India’s urban areas, towns, urban and country territories.
  • The targets of Swachh Bharat incorporate taking out open poop through the development of family possessed and network claimed toilets and setting up a responsible component of checking latrine use.
  • The mission planned to accomplish an “open-crap free” (ODF) India by 2 October 2019, the 150th commemoration of the introduction of Mahatma Gandhi, by developing 100 million toilets in rustic India at an anticipated expense of Rs 1.96 lakh crore (US$28 billion)
  • The mission will likewise add to India arriving at Sustainable Development Goal 6 (SDG 6), built up by the UN in 2015.
  • The strategic two pushes: Swachh Bharat Abhiyan (“Gramin” or ‘provincial’), which works under the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation; and Swachh Bharat Abhiyan (‘urban’), which works under the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs.
  • Volunteers, known as Swachhagrahis, or “Ministers of tidiness“, have advanced indoor pipes and network ways to deal with sanitation (CAS) at the town level.
  • In the previous five years, the Indian government has fabricated 100 million toilets. With a nation as enormous as India, this is a major accomplishment.

Survey in Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, and Madhya Pradesh:

  • Among 2014 and the finish of 2018, restroom proprietorship in the locale had expanded by 34 rate focuses
  • States that had just been announced open poo free, the real inclusion was far underneath 100%.
  • The level of individuals pooing in the open declined by 26 rate focuses, yet near half still answered to alleviate themselves in the open
  • The program scarcely figured out how to acquire any change in the conduct of restroom proprietors. Like in 2014, about a fourth of individuals who possess a useful restroom kept on pooping in the open

Criticisms:

  • With unreasonable targets pushed down from the top, “Swachh Bharat Mission recipients” were confronting pressure.
  • Numerous rustic Indians were undermined with or even denied their legitimate rights, for example, PDS apportion, for not building a toilet.
  • Government authorities at each level confronted tremendous weight and dangers from their managers
  • One in every four families told that they have known about government benefits being pulled back for not having a restroom.

Conclusion:

  • The soul of saying goodbye to open crap as a blessing to Gandhi merits honors. In any case, we should not overlook that there are still miles to go.
  • India needs to have a sanitation approach that spotlights on diminishing open poo.

Connecting the dots:

  • How is access to can and better sanitation under the Swachh Bharat Mission prompting financial change of country India? Clarify.

(TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE)


Model questions: (You can now post your answers in the comment section)

Note: 

  • Featured Comments and comments Up-voted by whataftercollege are the “correct answers”.

Q.1) Coupled Forecast Model is often seen in news dealt with which of the following area?

  1. Flood prediction and Riverbed management
  2. Cyber threat predictions
  3. Smart Traffic management
  4. Weather predictions

Q.2) Consider the following statements

  1. According to the UNICEF report, there is a positive impact, worth Rs 20 lakh crore, on the Indian economy due to the Swachh Bharat campaign 
  2. A village is declared Open Defecation Free when there are no visible feces in the village, and every household as well as public/community institution uses safe technology options for fecal disposal.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.3) Consider the following statements about Vayoshreshtha Samman

  1. These are annual awards instituted by the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare 
  2. It is awarded for eminent senior citizens and Institutions involved in rendering distinguished services for the cause of elderly persons.
  3. It is conferred by the President of India on the 1st October i.e. on the occasion of International Day of Older Persons

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 1,2 and 3

Q.4) Bioswales often seen in news is related to which of the following area?

  1. Management of Oil spills
  2. Decomposition of Plastics
  3. Management of rainwater
  4. None of the above.


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