UPSC Exam | Current Affairs and News Analysis (05-02-2020)

UPSC Exam Current Affairs and News Analysis (05-02-2020)

upsc exam current affairs 05-02-2020

Highlights |UPSC Exam Current Affairs 05-02-2020

UPSC exam current affairs 05-02-2020 The following article contains all the updated events and news for IAS Preparation. Our daily IAS Current Affairs and News cover the most important topics to give precise information to the reader and IAS Aspirants.

  • T.N. MLAs’ disqualification
  • NGT cancels eco-clearance to high-rise near Kaikondrahalli lake
  • Indian Polity & Federalism

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UPSC Exam Current Affairs 05-02-2020 are followed in the part below:

UPSC Exam Current Affairs and News Analysis (05-02-2020)

T.N. MLAs’ disqualification

Part of: GS Prelims –Polity and GS-II- Constitution

In news:

  • The Supreme Court gave Tamil Nadu Speaker seven days’ an ideal opportunity to illuminate when he will take cognisance of the preclusion petitions documented under the Tenth Schedule (hostile to surrender law) for casting a ballot against the certainty movement moved by Chief Minister Edappadi Palaniswami in February 2017.

From Prelims  Point of view:

Tenth Schedule (anti-defection law)

  • The law is vital on the grounds that when a voter chooses to cast his/her decision in favour of an up-and-comer, he/she is thinking about the up-and-comer as well as the gathering that the applicant represents and the pronouncement the gathering introduced. Subsequently, when the abandonment happens, the electorate is let down, making a joke of vote based system.
  • That is the reason in the year 1985, an alteration to the constitution was affected and the Xth plan was presented.
  • The alteration and the calendar are associated with Article 102 and Article 191 of the Constitution. Both the articles relate to preclusion for enrollment.
  • The motivation behind this small scale enactment inside the constitution is to make a hindrance for any sort of rebellions and it endorses preclusion for doing as such.

‘Healing Christ’ statue enters URF book of world records

Part of: GS Prelims –Art & Culture  and GS-I- Art & Culture

In news:

  • Mending Christ, in Thiruvalla Kerala, has entered the Universal Records Forum’s (URF) book of world records.

From Prelims  Point of view:

Healing Christ:

  • The statue was etched with a compound of zinc, copper, and velutheeyam
  • Velutheeyam is a compound of tin and aluminum

Universal Records Forum

  • All-inclusive Records Forum empowers each record holder and gives them the merited stage to grandstand their ability, stamina, perseverance and accomplishment before the world.

NGT cancels eco-clearance to high-rise near Kaikondrahalli lake

Part of: GS Prelims –Environment and GS-III Conservation

In news:

  • Eco Clearance was a ‘break of condition standards, infringement of city laws and support zone guidelines’.
  • The EC was allowed in January 2018 by the Karnataka State Environment Impact Assessment Authority (SEIAA).

From Prelims  Point of view:

  • Kaikondrahalli Lake, a small urban lake in Bengaluru

National Green Tribunal :

  • Set up under the National Green Tribunal Act (2010)

7 in 100 Anganwadi beneficiaries in cities

  • Set up under the National Green Tribunal Act (2010)
  • Successful and speedy removal of cases identifying with ecological insurance and preservation of timberlands and other normal assets.
  • India turned into the third nation on the planet to set up a specific natural council, (Australia and New Zealand)
  • Removal of uses or bids at long last inside a half year of the recording of the equivalent.

In news:

  • For every 100 Anganwadi recipients in the nation, just seven are in urban territories.

Effect: as a result of a serious absence of anganwadis in urban communities, prompting poor inclusion of the administration’s leader program in early youth improvement.

From Prelims  Point of view:

Anganwadi

  • Anganwadis or day-care focuses are set up under the Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) by the Women and Child Development Ministry to give a bundle of six administrations.
  • The administrations incorporate advantageous nourishment; pre-school non-formal training; inoculation, sustenance and wellbeing instruction; just as referral administrations.
  • The point of the plan is to lessen baby mortality and youngster lack of healthy sustenance.
  • Recipients remember youngsters for the age gathering of a half year to six years, and pregnant ladies and lactating moms.

Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS):

  • Incorporated Child Development Services (ICDS) is an Indian government welfare program which gives nourishment, preschool instruction, and essential medicinal services to youngsters under 6 years old and their moms. These administrations are given from Anganwadi focuses built up for the most part in rustic zones and set up with bleeding-edge labourers.

(MAINS FOCUS)


Indian Polity & Federalism

Topic: General Studies 2:

  • Reciprocal, local and worldwide groupings and understandings including India or potentially influencing India’s inclinations

International Maritime Organization (IMO) & India

Context 

IMO commands that trader boats ought not to consume fuel with Sulfur content over 0.5% starting January 1, 2020. India’s unimportant nearness and mediations in IMO have been influencing its inclinations.

About International Maritime Organization

  • It was set up by UN show in Geneva on 17 March 1948 and met without precedent for January 1959.
  • IMO is liable for measures to improve the wellbeing and security of universal transportation and to keep contamination from ships.
  • It is additionally associated with legitimate issues, including risk and remuneration issues and the help of universal sea traffic
  • It right now has 174 Member States. India participated in 1959.

Role of IMO

  • The IMO isn’t liable for upholding its approaches. There is no implementation system to actualize the arrangements of the IMO.
  • The IMO, similar to some other UN organization, is essentially a secretariat, which encourages basic leadership forms on every single sea matter through gatherings of part states.
  • The coupling instruments are acquired through the shows — to which partly states to sign on to for consistency.

The Third IMO GHG Study 2014 evaluated that worldwide transportation radiated 796 million tons of CO2 in 2012, representing about 2.2% of the all-out worldwide anthropogenic CO2 discharges for that year,

Additionally, IMO expresses that discharges from universal delivery could develop somewhere in the range of half and 250% by 2050 for the most part because of the development of the world sea exchange.

IMO guidelines to lessen sulfur oxides (SOx) outflows from ships initially came into power in 2005, under the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL Convention). From that point forward, the cutoff points on sulfur oxides have been dynamically fixed.

Significance of the latest decision by IMO

  • Past Sulfur Limit was 3.5%, which was pertinent to most pieces of the world.
  • On the off chance that worldwide transportation was a nation, it would be the 6th biggest maker of ozone harming substance discharges, along these lines cleaner fuel will help diminish SOx emanations which lessens contamination.
  • The new guidelines will have significant wellbeing and ecological advantages for the world, especially for populaces living near ports and drifts.

Impact of new rules by IMO limiting the Sulphur content

  • Updating treatment facilities incorporating those in India to deliver cleaner fuel-this involves capital venture and along these lines expanding expense of fuel
  • Expanded cargo costs because of expanded expense of fuel which will have a falling impact on retail costs of products.
  • Basic changes to Ships: Very-low-sulfur fuel would be inconsistent with the motors and other vessel gear. There have been cases of boats having been stranded after fine particles isolated out from the fuel, harming hardware and obstructing gadgets.

The dominance of Developed Countries in IMO

  • To guarantee that their sea advantages are secured, the European nations move their recommendations as one and casting a ballot or backing are given en alliance
  • The European Union has an archiving system on the best way to impact the IMO
  • Noticeable oceanic countries have their changeless delegates at London (HQ) and are upheld by a huge unexpected of area specialists from their sea organization, sailors and industry relationship during the gathering
  • These nations guarantee that they have portrayal in each sub-board of trustees, working gathering and even correspondence gatherings with the goal that they know about the advancements.

Inadequate participation by India in IMO

  • India’s changeless agent post in the IMO has stayed empty throughout the previous 25 years.
  • Portrayal at gatherings is regularly through a skeletal assignment.
  • The quantity of entries made by India in the ongoing past has been not many and not in relation to India’s stakes in worldwide transportation.
  • There have likewise been snags in pushing issues which are of significance to India. A great case was the declaration of “High-Risk Areas” by IMO in the Arabian ocean which prompted expanded protection costs for the delivery business.
  • There was additionally incredible trouble in presenting the indigenously structured NavIC in the overall sea route framework.
  • The plan and intercessions pushed by the created nations are not so much down to business from the perspective of India’s inclinations with endeavours to promote items and organizations situated in West

Issue of High-Risk Area

  • IMO delineated ‘High-Risk Areas’ when the theft was at its pinnacle especially by Somalian privateers.
  • The IMO’s division brought about a large portion of the Arabian Sea and practically the whole south-west shoreline of India is viewed as robbery pervaded, regardless of the nearness of the Indian Navy and Coast Guard.
  • The “Enrica Lexie” shooting occurrence of 2012, off the shoreline of Kerala, was the immediate aftermath of the division.

Way forward

  • IMO additionally needs to lessen nitrogen oxides (NOx) and ozone-exhausting gases.
  • At the most punctual, India should fill the empty post of the perpetual delegate at the IMO.
  • India ought to have well-spread out system and motivation to manage strategies of IMO to advance its inclinations.
  • Declare new arrangements which make the transportation business in India embrace greener advances

Connecting the dots

  • Hong Kong International Convention for the Safe and Environmentally Sound Recycling of Ships a.k.a Hong Kong Convention
  • Montreal Protocol

(TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE)


Model questions: (You can now post your answers in the comment section)

Q 1. Which one of the following schedules of the Constitution of India contains provisions regarding the anti-defection Act? 

  1. Second Schedule 
  2. Fifth Schedule
  3. Eighth Schedule 
  4. Tenth Schedule

Q 2.  Velutheeyam is 

  1. a new species of snake found recently 
  2. an alloy of tin and aluminium
  3. Classical dance of Kerala
  4. None of these 


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