UPSC Exam Current Affairs and News Analysis (05-08-2019)

Highlights |UPSC Exam Current Affairs 05-08-2019

Current Affairs and News (05-08-2019)- The following article contains all the updated events and news for IAS Preparation. Our daily IAS Current Affairs and News cover the most important topics to give precise information to the reader and IAS Aspirants.

  • One Nation-one Ration Card scheme
  • Quick reaction surface-to-air missiles (QRSAM)
  • Genome India initiative
  • From Plate to Plough
  • Mob lynching

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UPSC Exam Current Affairs 05-08-2019 are followed in the part below:

UPSC Exam Current Affairs and News Analysis (05-08-2019)


One Nation-one Ration Card scheme

Part of: GS Prelims and Mains GS- III – Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping

In News

  • Focus propelled the One Nation-One Ration Card plot on a pilot premise in Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra and Gujarat
  • Families who have nourishment security cards can purchase financed rice and wheat from any apportion shop in these states.
  • Their apportion cards ought to be connected with Aadhar Number to benefit this administration.
  • The Center is proposed to stretch out the program to all states by August one year from now with the goal that the versatility of the nourishment security card executed.
  • The national compactness of apportioning cards will guarantee all recipients particularly the vagrants in gaining admittance to PDS the country over from any PDS shop of their own decision

Quick reaction surface-to-air missiles (QRSAM)

Part of: GS Prelims and Mains GS III – Security issues

In News

  • DRDO effectively flight-tried its best in class QRSAM against live aeronautical focuses from Integrated Test Range (ITR), Chandipur.
  • The all-climate and off-road rocket, can be mounted on a truck and put away in a canister, is furnished with electronic countermeasures against sticking via airship radars
  • The frameworks are furnished with indigenously-created Phased cluster radar, Inertial Navigation System, Data Link, and RF searcher.
  • The framework is being created for the Indian Army with search and track on moveability with exceptionally short response time
  • QRSAM utilizes strong fuel force and has a scope of 25-30 km

Genome India initiative

Part of: GS Prelims and Mains GS III – Science & Technology

In News

  • The Department of Biotechnology (DBT) plans to filter about 20,000 Indian genomes throughout the following five years, in a two-stage workout, and create indicative tests that can be utilized to test for malignant growth.
  • The program is relied upon to officially dispatch in October, with an expected spending plan of ₹250-350 crore for the Phase-1.
  • The primary stage includes sequencing the total genomes of almost 10,000 Indians from all edges of the nation and catch the natural decent variety of India
  • In the following stage, around 10,000 “ailing people” would have their genomes sequenced.
  • This tremendous information would be contrasted utilizing AI procedures with distinct qualities that can anticipate malignant growth chance and different maladies that could be impacted by hereditary peculiarities.
  • Organizations included: 22 establishments, including those from the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) and the DBT
  • In any case, the information produced would be open to analysts anyplace for examination.
  • This would be through a proposed National Biological Data Center imagined in an approach called the ‘Natural Data Storage, Access and Sharing Policy‘, which is still in beginning periods of dialog.

(MAINS FOCUS)


AGRICULTURE/SOLAR ENERGY

TOPIC:

General Studies 2

  • Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

General Studies 3

  • Infrastructure: Energy

From Plate to Plough

Context :

  • Helping ranchers produce sun oriented vitality can help understand the administration’s objective of multiplying ranchers’ wages.
  • In July, two fascinating things happened that can push Indian ranchers to a huge degree in increasing their earnings
  • The first one, the Union Finance Minister (FM) in her lady spending discourse inquired as to why the anna data (rancher) can’t turn into the Teradata (maker of sunlight based power)
  • The subsequent one, in Parliament, the agribusiness serve for state, reacting to an inquiry on the head administrator’s guarantee of multiplying ranchers’ pay (DFI) by 2022, conceded that the current arrangement of approaches can’t twofold ranchers’ genuine wages by 2022.

Concern:

  • The existing arrangement of strategies can’t twofold ranchers’ genuine earnings by 2022.

Doubling the Farmer’s income

  • The advisory group headed by Ashok Dalwai in April 2016 was the arrangement.
  • The Committee explained genuine livelihoods should be multiplied more than seven years (over a base pay of 2015-16), which requires a development pace of 10.4 percent every year.
  • The Committee presented its last report in September 2018. It includes 14 volumes (just about 3,000 pages) and 619 proposals.
  • The FM’s announcement on the anna data turning into the Teradata, the approach can possibly twofold ranchers salaries inside a year or two.

In the Past:

  • The PM has additionally set the objective of creating 100 GW of sun based power by 2022.
  • He needs the nation to be one of the leaders in the International Solar Alliance for clean vitality.
  • Up until this point, the model that has been received to create sun powered power is welcoming offers from enormous business players. Also, enormous players entered, going from Mahindra and Mahindra to the Adanis, etc.
  • Some of them, who entered ahead of schedule into control buy understandings (PPA) with state governments, needed to consume their hands when the expenses descended and state governments constrained them to modify the expenses of PPA downwards, upsetting their financial estimations.
  • Be that as it may, this model of creating sunlight based power was not extremely comprehensive. The land is bolted for sun based boards for very nearly 25 years, and the advantages go just to a couple of financial specialists.

What can be done?

  • The elective model is to assist ranchers with delivering sun oriented power on their properties, making anna data a urjadata.
  • This model will be considerably more comprehensive and can help increase their wages altogether.
  • There are two variants of this
    • One, supplant all siphon sets, particularly diesel ones, with sun-powered siphons and the abundance control created through sun based boards can be acquired by state governments at a value that gives the rancher a decent edge over his expense of delivering sun based power.
    • Second, urge ranchers to develop “sun-powered trees” on their properties at a stature of around 10-12 feet in a way that enough daylight continues coming to plants underneath. Under this variation, the rancher can continue growing two watered yields as he has been doing, however, the sun based tree produces a ton of overabundance control that can be acquired by the state government.
  • The power produced under the subsequent variation is on various occasions more than under the primary variation, and consequently, the salary enlargement can likewise be a few times more than under the principal variation.

Challenges to adopt this model

  • The issue is of activating enough funding to introduce these sunlight based trees. In one section of the land, you can have 500 sun-powered trees in such a way, that even tractors can travel through those and ranchers can continue developing their typical two harvests. It doesn’t affect their profitability as there is abundant daylight originating from the sides for photosynthesis.
  • The second pre-condition is that the state ought to be prepared to do the power buy understanding.

Keynotes:

  • The Delhi government really reported an approach with that impact. According to their estimations, 500 trees can be put on a section of the land of rancher’s property; the interest in sun based boards (trees) will be finished by different businessmen. The main thing that the rancher needs to guarantee is that for a long time he won’t change over his property to different employments
  • The monetary estimations recommend that ranchers can be given Rs one lakh/section of land per annum as net gain, with a six percent expansion consistently for the following 25 years. This can undoubtedly twofold their salary.

About Solar energy in India:

  • India confronting issues in satisfying its vitality request, sunlight based vitality can assume a significant job in giving vitality security.
  • With its contamination free nature, for all intents and purposes unlimited inventory and worldwide conveyance, sun powered vitality is exceptionally alluring vitality asset.
  • India’s Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDC’s) responsibility incorporate 100 GW of sun-powered power out of 175 GW sustainable power source by 2022

Advantages

  • Sunlight based energy is accessible for the duration of the day which is the pinnacle load request time.
  • Sunlight based vitality transformation types of gear have longer life and need lesser support and henceforth give higher vitality foundation security.
  • Low running expenses and framework tie-up capital returns (Net Metering).
  • Not at all like traditional warm power age from coal, they don’t cause contamination and produce clean power.
  • Wealth of free sun oriented vitality in practically all pieces of nation.
  • No overhead wires-no transmission misfortune

Challenges in adoption

  • India’s sun oriented story is to a great extent worked over imported items.
  • India’s local substance necessity condition is confronting legitimate tests at WTO.
  • India is confronting the challenge to adjust Prioritizing household objectives and WTO responsibilities.
  • The dumping of items is prompting the benefit disintegration of neighborhood producers.
  • Indian local makers aren’t actually and financially solid to contend with Chinese organizations.
  • China’s solid assembling base is giving a firm challenge to the residential producer.
  • Land accessibility in India for sunlight based plant is less because of high populace thickness.
  • India’s sun oriented waste is assessed to be around 1.8 million by 2050 likewise should be handled.

Government initiatives

  • The service of a new and sustainable power source is the nodal office to handle India’s sustainable power source issues.
  • National Solar Mission is a significant activity of the Government of India and State Governments to advance biologically feasible development while tending to India’s vitality security challenge.
  • The Indian Renewable Energy Development Agency (IREDA) is a Non-Banking Financial Institution under the regulatory control of this Ministry for giving term credits to sustainable power source and vitality productivity ventures.
  • National establishment of sun powered vitality is made as a self-governing organization under MoNRE is zenith body for R&D.
  • Foundation of sun-powered parks and ultra major sun based power venture and upgrading lattice availability framework.
  • Advancement of channel bank and waterway tank sun-powered framework.
  • Maintainable housetop execution of Solar Transfiguration of India (SRISTI) plan to advance roof sun oriented power extends in India.
  • Suryamitra program to get ready qualified workforce.
  • Sustainable buy commitment for enormous vitality purchaser clients.
  • National environmentally friendly power vitality program and efficient power vitality passage.

Conclusion

  • Solid money related measures are required to back the sunlight based ventures, inventive advances like green securities, institutional advances, and clean vitality store can assume an urgent job.
  • Advancement of innovative work in sustainable power source division, particularly away innovation.
  • Legitimate components ought to be given to handling China’s dumping of sunlight based types of gear.
  • Structure to evade superfluous postponements in approach basic leadership and execution.

Connecting the dots:

  1. To ration vitality is to guarantee a maintainable future’. Basically break down.
  2. Talk about the difficulties and arrangements in tackling sun powered vitality in India?

INTERNAL SECURITY

TOPIC: General studies 3

  • Challenges to internal security
  • Role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges
  • Security challenges and their management

Mob lynching

Context:

  • Rajasthan’s push to condemn horde lynching is a decent start
  • The Rajasthan government has presented the Rajasthan Protection From Lynching Bill, 2019. In the event that it gets passed, Rajasthan will be the second State after Manipur to have a devoted law condemning horde lynching as an extraordinary offense, notwithstanding different offenses under the Indian Penal Code.

What is lynching?

  • Lynching is characterized as a demonstration or arrangement of demonstrations of savagery or helping, abetting or endeavoring a demonstration of brutality, regardless of whether unconstrained or arranged, by a horde (at least two people) on the grounds of religion, race, standing, sex, spot of birth, language, dietary practices, sexual direction, political connection, and ethnicity.
  • Lynching is a horrifying appearance of preference, narrow mindedness, and disdain towards the standard of law.
  • There have been numerous occurrences of Mob Lynching for issues concerning cow, kids ruffians, and so on and average folks, as well as the police staff, became casualties of it.
  • A portion of the instances of horde lynching:
    • ‘Go to Pakistan’: 20–25 men jump into Gurgaon home, attack family
    • Assam: Mob whips man in Biswanath Chariali for purportedly conveying Beef; compelled to eat Pork
    • Jharkhand: Old bull kicks the bucket, crowd executes a man, three harmed are reserved for ox-like butcher
  • Reprieve International India recorded 721 such episodes somewhere in the range of 2015 and 2018.
  • A year ago alone, it followed 218 detest violations, 142 of which were against Dalits, 50 against Muslims, 40 against ladies, and eight against Christians, Adivasis, and transgenders.

Causes of mob lynching

  • Preferences in Indian culture are age-old and profound established. These partialities depend on different personalities like race, sexual orientation, standing, class, religion, and so on
  • Web-based social networking or innovative advances help during the time spent ‘affirmation predisposition’s – it is the affirmation of a preference or an inclination
  • The vital quiet of the State and the insufficient lawfulness apparatus has additionally offered authenticity to crowd lynching.
  • Absence of advanced proficiency among everyday citizens.
  • Political activation of periphery gatherings and Politicization of lynching and vital quietness.

The Supreme Court censured crowd lynching episodes the nation over and asked Parliament to establish a law to manage the wrongdoing that undermines rule of law and the nation’s social texture.

Incomparable Court on account of Tehseen Poonawala v Union of India has given an 11-point solution to preventive, healing and reformatory measures and has requested that Parliament enact a different offense for lynching and give sufficient discipline to the equivalent.

  • The state governments will assign a senior cop in each area for taking measures to avert occurrences of crowd brutality and lynching.
  • The state governments will quickly distinguish regions, sub-divisions, and towns where occasions of lynching and horde viciousness have been accounted for in the ongoing past.
  • The nodal officials will bring to the notification of the DGP any between locale co-appointment issues for conceiving a procedure to handle lynching and crowd viciousness related issues.
  • It will be the obligation of each cop to make a horde scatter, which, as he would see it, tends to cause viciousness in the camouflage of vigilantism or something else
  • Focal and the state governments should communicate on radio and TV and other media stages including the official sites that lynching and crowd savagery will welcome genuine results.
  • Control and stop the dispersal of flighty and unstable messages, recordings and other material on different internet based life stages. Register FIR under pertinent arrangements of law against people who disperse such messages.
  • Guarantee that there is no further badgering of the relatives of the people in question.
  • State governments will set up a lynching/crowd savagery injured individual pay conspire.
  • Instances of lynching and horde brutality will be explicitly attempted by assigned court/quick track courts reserved for that reason in each area. The preliminary will ideally be closed inside a half year.
  • To set a harsh model in instances of crowd brutality and lynching, the preliminary court should customarily grant the greatest endless supply of the charged individual.
  • On the off chance that it is discovered that a cop or an official of the area organization has neglected to satisfy his obligation, it will be considered as a demonstration of purposeful carelessness.

Rajasthan Protection From Lynching Bill, 2019:

  • The Bill pursues the Supreme Court’s proposals in approving the setting up of unique courts, arrangement of a committed nodal official, and stipulating improved disciplines.
  • Its degree is increasingly exhaustive as it does not just condemn demonstrations of lynching, dispersal of ‘hostile material’ and encouraging of a ‘threatening situation’, yet in addition accommodates help, legitimate guide, pay, and restoration.
  • a portion of Bill’s arrangements may pull in legitimate investigation. Area 8(c) of the Bill says that whoever submits a demonstration of lynching, where the demonstration prompts the passing of the person in question, will be rebuffed with thorough detainment forever and a fine not be not as much as Rs. 1,00,000 and which may reach out to Rs. 5,00,000
  • Segment 9 of the Rajasthan Bill stipulates, bury Alia, a similar discipline for lynching and “endeavoring” a demonstration of lynching.

Conclusion

  • Lynching is an unfortunate sign of bias, narrow mindedness, and disdain towards the standard of law.
  • With every one of its restrictions, the Rajasthan Bill is proof of political will by the State government. It is normal that thoughts help in the order of an all the more intrinsically powerful Bill.
  • In any case, enactment can’t go about as a panacea; what is required is political responsibility. The opportunity has already come and gone that different States and the Center give some earnestness with the goal that crawling dangers are kept from metastasizing into a wild beast

Connecting the dots:

  1. For a demographically different nation, for example, India, abhor wrongdoings are a debacle. Examine.
  2. India is turning into a goal of horde lynching. Is it valid? Examine the causes and what could be the conceivable answer for stop horde lynching.

(TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE)


Model questions: (You can now post your answers in the comment section)

Note: 

  • Featured Comments and comments Up-voted by whataftercollege are the “correct answers”.

Q.1) One Nation One ration card scheme is being implemented by which Union Ministry?

  1. Ministry of electronics and information technology
  2. Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food & Public Distribution
  3. Ministry of Food Processing Industries
  4. Ministry of Rural Development

Q.2) Consider the following statements about Quick reaction surface-to-air missiles (QRSAM)

  1. It is being jointly developed by India and Israel
  2. The system is being developed for the Indian Army with search and track on move capability with very short reaction time
  3. QRSAM uses solid-fuel propellant and has a range of 250-300 km

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 2 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 1,2 and 3

Q.3) Consider the following statements about Genome India Initiative

  1. 22 institutions, including those from CSIR and Department of Biotechnology, is involved in this initiative 
  2. The data generated from this initiative would be accessible to researchers anywhere for analysis through the National Biological Data Centre 

 Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2


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