UPSC Exam Current Affairs and News Analysis (10-09-2019)

upsc exam current affairs 10-09-2019

Highlights |UPSC Exam Current Affairs 10-09-2019

Current Affairs and News (10-09-2019)- The following article contains all the updated events and news for IAS Preparation. Our daily IAS Current Affairs and News cover the most important topics to give precise information to the reader and IAS Aspirants.

  • Salt Consumption
  • DESERTIFICATION
  • National Genomic Grid (cancer)
  • Indian Skill Development Service (ISDS)
  • The Amazon forest fire – Consequences from global warming and climatic change

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UPSC Exam Current Affairs 10-09-2019 are followed in the part below:

UPSC Exam Current Affairs and News Analysis (10-09-2019)

Salt Consumption

Part of: GS Prelims – Health issues

In News

  • The examination shows that 76.3% of Indian family units devoured enough iodised salt, which is salt with at any rate 15 sections for each million of iodine.
  • The overview additionally uncovered that 13 out of 36 States have just accomplished Universal Salt Iodisation or have 90% of families with access to enough iodised salt.
  • The five most noticeably awful entertainers were Tamil Nadu (61.9%), Andhra Pradesh (63.9%), Rajasthan (65.5%), Odisha (65.8%) and Jharkhand (68.8%).
  • The overview was led by Nutrition International in a joint effort with the All India Institute of Medical Sciences and the Indian Coalition for the Control of Iodine Deficiency Disorders
  • Gujarat produces 71% of salt in the nation, trailed by Rajasthan at 17% and Tamil Nadu at 11%. The remainder of the nation represents an insignificant 1% of salt delivered.
  • India made stronghold of salt with iodine required for direct human utilization in 1992.
  • Iodine is a crucial smaller scale supplement for ideal mental and physical advancement of individuals. Lack of iodine can bring about a scope of handicaps and disarranges, for example, goiter, hypothyroidism, cretinism, fetus removal, still births, mental hindrance and psychomotor deformities.

DESERTIFICATION

Part of: GS Prelims and Mains GS-III- Environmental Conservation

In News

  • PM Modi tended to the High Level Segment of the fourteenth Conference of Parties (COP14) of the UN Convention to Combat Desertification, held at New Delhi
  • India has raised the objective of reestablishing land with corrupted status from 21 million hectares to 26 million hectares (27% of all out debased land) by 2030.
  • Region of India experiencing the procedure of land debasement, starting at 2011-13 is 96.5 million hectares of land – 29% of absolute geological region
  • India called upon the administration of UNCCD to consider a “Worldwide Water Action Agenda”which is key to the Land Degradation Neutrality technique.
  • To additionally build up a logical approach and encourage acceptance of innovation to land debasement issues, India has chosen to set up a middle for greatness in India at the Indian Council for Forest Research and Education.
  • India turned out to be a piece of the “Bonn Challenge”, a worldwide exertion to bring 150 million hectares of the world’s deforested and corrupted land into rebuilding by 2020, and 350 million hectares by 2030.

National Genomic Grid (cancer)

Part of: GS Prelims and Mains GS-II – Issues relating to Health

In News

  • Government intends to set up a National Genomic Grid, in order to take malignancy research to the following level and make treatment feasible for individuals of various financial classes.
  • The National Genomic Grid for India-explicit malignancy research will gather tests from disease patients to think about genomic factors impacting malignant growth and recognizing the correct treatment modalities for the Indian populace.
  • The lattice to be shaped will be in accordance with the National Cancer Tissue Biobank (NCTB) set up at the IIT Madras, which is working in close relationship with the Indian Council for Medical Research (ICMR)
  • The lattice will have four sections, with the nation partitioned into east, west, north and south
  • The main arrangement of 350 genomic information of stomach and bosom malignant growth patients created from the 3,000 examples at NCTB will be discharged before the finish of October.

Indian Skill Development Service (ISDS)

Part of: GS Prelims and GS Mains III – Economy

In News

  • The main bunch of the Indian Skill Development Services (ISDS) started their preparation program at the Administrative Training Institute (ATI), Mysuru.
  • This is the main group which is joining the ISDS unit from the Indian Engineering Service Examination led by UPSC.
  • ISDS is the most up to date focal taxpayer driven organizations, which by and by has 263 all India posts.
  • This administration has been exceptionally made for the Training Directorate of the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE) and is a Group ‘An’ administration.
  • The enlistment of youthful ability as ISDS officials is one of the exceptional activities taken by the MSDE to pull in youthful and capable directors towards regulating the Skill Development condition in the nation.

(MAINS FOCUS)


ECONOMY/ENVIRONMENT

TOPIC: General Studies 3: 

  • Environment and Ecology, Bio diversity – Conservation, environmental degradation, environmental impact assessment, Environment versus Development
  • Issues relating to deforestation, land use pattern and use of fossil fuel.
  • Carbon emission and global warming related issues

The Amazon forest fire – Consequences from global warming and climatic change

Context:

Woodland fire in the Amazon gave a sign for the human network about the staggering impacts of deforestation, land-use change and rising non-renewable energy sources emanations.

Environmental change and its effects

  • Numerous urban areas have seen high temperatures at no other time experienced
  • Warmth waves have quickened
  • Dissolving of ice sheets (esp. in Greenland)
  • Late floods in Mumbai, Kerala and North Karnataka

Vitality and transport are basically answerable for the aggregation of ozone depleting substances (GHGs) in the air.

Petroleum product outflows and changes in land use designs – deforestation, modern farming frameworks and desertification – are significant drivers of environmental change.

IPCC Report

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has as of late drawn out an extraordinary report on Climate Change and Land.

It covers desertification, land corruption, practical land the executives, nourishment security and ozone harming substance transitions in earthly biological systems.

As indicated by the Fifth Assessment Report (AR5) of Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) –

  • Aggregate carbon emanations from land-use change since 1750 added up to just about 180 Gigatonne (Gt), driven to a great extent by the more than six-overlay extension of cropland.
  • Petroleum product utilize contributed 375 Gigatonne (Gt) since 1750, that is in excess of multiple times that of the net aggregate outflows from earthly biological systems.

Nonetheless, the AR5 report additionally brings up that –

  • The net carbon emanation of earthly environment from deforestation and land-use design stays impartial since 1750.
  • Despite the fact that the combined land-use change expanded the degrees of carbon discharge; it was assimilated from the current vegetation, accordingly keeping up the carbon outflow level at insignificant.

As indicated by Global Carbon Project reports –

  • Petroleum derivative discharges about 9.9 Gt (Gigatonne) of carbon every year to the earth contrasted with 1.5Gt from land-use change. Earthly biological system ingests ~3.8 Gt of carbon every year, demonstrating carbon outflow from non-renewable energy sources stay in the climate contrasted with different sources.

About Global Carbon Project (GCP)

  • GCP is an association set up in 2001, taking a shot at checking the amount of worldwide ozone harming substance emanations essentially carbon di oxide, methane and nitrous oxide and their causes.

Concerns:

  • From the writing in IPCC AR5, carbon discharge from deforestation and logging was repaid to carbon ingestion from the woodland re-development, in this way keeping the general carbon emanation at 0.11 Gt every year.
  • In any case, the carbon outflows from non-renewable energy sources are significantly prompting an unnatural weather change and expands the mid year temperature amazingly contrasted with deforestation and land-use change.
  • The discharge impact from deforestation and land-use change can be switched by planting more vegetation, carbon ingestion from immaculate woods zones and biomass, yet the non-renewable energy source emanation from coal, gas, oil can’t be turned around and even can’t be repaid from the current vegetation.

Conclusion:

The timberland fire in Amazon is anything but a first time case, however the truth of the matter is that the woodland fire is expanding quite a long time after year obliterating bigger biological system consistently. Comparable timberland fires are found in Africa (Zambia, Angola, Democratic republic of Congo), Siberia and in Canada significantly because of increment in the mid year temperatures.

The Amazon woodland is a conservator of a large number of types of vegetation, creatures, flying creatures, environment and biodiversity however forestalling deforestation is a genuine test.

Utilization of interchange wellspring of vitality instead of non-renewable energy sources may limit the impacts of an unnatural weather change and decrease carbon discharge to the air.

The endeavors from created nations to limit the utilization of non-renewable energy source has been less and as indicated by United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), they have accomplished just 1.3% decrease being used of non-renewable energy sources in 26 years from 1990. So if the nations join their hands to concur on Paris’ Agreement on environmental change which expects to keep the worldwide temperature to 2% at modern levels and 1.5% at non mechanical zones may monitor our earthly biological systems and alleviate an Earth-wide temperature boost radically.

Connecting the dots:

  1. Talk about the variables answerable for long haul environmental change. What confirmations do we have that help current a dangerous atmospheric devation. Clarify.
  2. The battle against environmental change is more compelling at the family level than full scale level arrangement details. Do you concur? Validate.
  3. Fundamentally assess the developing patterns in worldwide environmental change exchanges. Is the world heading the correct way in its battle against environmental change? Fundamentally analyze.

(TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE)


Model questions: (You can now post your answers in comment section)

Q.1) Consider the following statements

  1. Gujarat produces 71% of salt in the country.
  2. India made fortification of salt with iodine mandatory for direct human consumption in 1992.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.2) Consider the following statements about Bonn Challenge

  1. It aims to aims to conserve terrestrial, aquatic and avian migratory species throughout their range.
  2. India has also joined the voluntary Bonn Challenge pledge.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.3) Consider the following statements about Indian Skill Development Services (ISDS)

  1. ISDS is the newest All India Services, who gets recruited after passing Indian Engineering Service Examination conducted by UPSC.
  2. It is special initiative taken by the Ministry of Labour to attract young and talented administrators towards institutionalizing the Skill Development environment in the country

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

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