UPSC Exam Current Affairs and News Analysis (10-12-2019)

upsc exam current affairs 10-12-2019

Highlights |UPSC Exam Current Affairs 10-12-2019

Current Affairs and News (10-12-2019)- The following article contains all the updated events and news for IAS Preparation. Our daily IAS Current Affairs and News cover the most important topics to give precise information to the reader and IAS Aspirants.

  • Salt Consumption
  • DESERTIFICATION
  • National Genomic Grid (cancer)
  • Indian Skill Development Service (ISDS)
  • The Amazon forest fire – Consequences from global warming and climatic change

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UPSC Exam Current Affairs 10-12-2019 are followed in the part below:

UPSC Exam Current Affairs and News Analysis (10-12-2019)

UN development index

Part of: GS Prelims and GS Mains II–Development

In News

  • India positions 129 out of 189 nations on the 2019 Human Development Index (HDI) — up one space from the 130th position a year ago
  • Human Development Report (HDR) is discharged by the United Nations Development Program (UNDP)
  • The HDI estimates normal accomplishment in three essential components of human improvement — future, instruction and per capita pay.
  • Norway, Switzerland and Ireland involved the main three situations in a specific order. Germany is put fourth alongside Hong Kong, and Australia verified the fifth position on the worldwide positioning
  • Among India’s neighbors, Sri Lanka (71) and China (85) are higher up the rank scale while Bhutan (134), Bangladesh (135), Myanmar (145), Nepal (147), Pakistan (152) and Afghanistan (170) were positioned lower on the rundown.
  • In any case, for disparity balanced HDI (IHDI), India’s position drops by one situation to 130. The IHDI shows rate misfortune in HDI because of imbalances.

Gender Inequality Index

Part of: GS Prelims and GS Mains II – Development

In News

  • The GII is an imbalance indexreleased by UNDP. It estimates sex imbalances in three significant parts of human improvement—
    • regenerative Health, estimated by maternal mortality proportion and youthful birth rates;
    • Strengthening, estimated by extent of parliamentary seats involved by females and extent of grown-up females and guys matured 25 years and more established with probably some auxiliary training; and
    • Financial status, communicated as work advertise interest and estimated by work power cooperation pace of female and male populaces matured 15 years and more established.
  • The GII is based on a similar system as the IHDI—to all the more likely uncover contrasts in the appropriation of accomplishments among ladies and men.
  • It gauges the human advancement expenses of sex disparity. In this way the higher the GII esteem the more incongruities among females and guys and the more misfortune to human advancement.
  • In the Gender Inequality Index (GII), India is at 122 out of 162 nations. Neighbors China (39), Sri Lanka (86), Bhutan (99), Myanmar (106) were put above India.
  • The report figures that it might take 202 years to close the sexual orientation hole in monetary chance
Daily Current Affairs IAS | UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam – 10th December 2019

Src: Click here


Human Rights Day

Part of: GS Prelims and GS Mains I – Social Issues

In News

  • Human Rights Day is commended on the tenth December consistently to remember the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), which was received and broadcasted by the General Assembly of the United Nations in 1948.
  • The Declaration perceives that the inborn respect and the equivalent and unavoidable privileges of humanity are the establishment of equity, opportunity and harmony on the planet.
  • The United Nations’ subject during the current year’s Human Rights Day is: “Youth Standing up for Human Rights.”
  • The adolescent will be commended as operators of progress and urged to intensify their voices against prejudice, detest discourse, tormenting, segregation, and battle for atmosphere equity, among different issues.
  • Since its beginning on the twelfth October, 1993, the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) has tried to advance a culture of human rights.
  • The NHRC, as a large portion of the human rights organizations on the planet, is a recommendatory body according to the Protection of Human Rights Act passed by Parliament.
  • A significant activity of the Commission this year has been that NHRC is proposing to set up a team to set up a National Action Plan on Human Rights (NAPHR) containing the agents of different Ministries, NGOs, Civil Society and the NHRC among different partners.
  • This arrangement will help banner the key issues of human rights for the government(s), which would require to be tended to with a focused on way to deal with improve the human rights circumstance in the nation through a continued component.

IS 10500:2012

Part of: GS Prelims and GS Mains II- Governance

In News

  • Government expressed that the Bureau of Indian Standards is setting up the ground for implementation of channeled water quality gauges – IS 10500:2012, in collaboration with state offices.
  • In any case, it isn’t yet certain whether the Center’s own lead crucial (Jeevan Mission) to give funneled water to all family units by 2024 will execute the BIS standard.
  • Not at all like the BIS standard for filtered water, which is generally delivered by privately owned businesses, the standard for channeled water — to a great extent provided by government organizations — isn’t yet obligatory.
  • Jal Shakti is the nodal Ministry for the Jal Jeevan Mission to give practical family unit tap associations with 14.6 crore provincial families by 2024.

About Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS)

  • It is a statutory body set up in 1987 under the BIS Act 1986. It supplanted the Indian Standards Institution (ISI), a body set up under the Societies Registration Act, 1860.
  • It works under the direction of Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution.
  • The target of BIS is to accomplish amicable advancement of the exercises of institutionalization, affirmation stamping and quality accreditation of merchandise.
  • BIS is associated with different exercises, for example, Standards Formulation, Product Certification Scheme, Hall Marking Scheme, Laboratory Services and so on.

126th Constitution Amendment Bill

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-II – Polity

In News

  • The booking given to SCs, STs and the Anglo-Indian people group for as far back as 70 years is to end on January 25, 2020
  • The 126th Constitution Amendment Bill looks to reach out by 10 yearsreservation to the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes in the Lok Sabha and the Assemblies
  • The booking has been remembered for Article 334 and in this manner the bill tries to alter the article.
  • Article 334 sets out that the arrangements for reservation of seats and extraordinary portrayal of Anglo-Indians, SC and ST will stop following 40 years. The statement was remembered for 1949. Following 40 years, it is being changed with an augmentation of 10 years.
  • A comparable booking for the Anglo-Indian people group in Lok Sabha and state congregations isn’t being stretched out, according to the arrangements of the bill.
  • As indicated by Law Minster, there are just 296 individuals from the Anglo-Indian people group in India.

Finland gets world’s youngest PM

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-II – International Affairs; GS-I- Society (Women empowerment)

In News

  • The 34-year-old Finnish legislator Sanna Marin, her nation’s Transport Minister, will before long become the world’s most youthful Prime Minister.
  • The Transport Minister was picked by Finland’s Social Democratic Party to succeed Prime Minister Antti Rinne who on December 3 declared he was leaving even with analysis over the administration’s treatment of a postal strike that kept going two weeks in November
  • Leader choose Marin will be Finland’s third lady head of government.
  • Marin will lead a five-party Center-Left political alliance which are altogether driven by ladies. Four of these ladies are in their mid thirties.
  • New Zealand PM JacindaArdern is 39, while Ukrainian chief Oleksiy Honcharuk is 35. 
Daily Current Affairs IAS | UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam – 10th December 2019

Src: Click here


(MAINS FOCUS)


POLITY

TOPIC: General Studies 2:

  • Indian Constitution-chronicled underpinnings, development, highlights, corrections, critical arrangements and essential structure

Citizenship (Amendment) Bill 2019 passed the lower House test

Daily Current Affairs IAS | UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam – 10th December 2019

SRC: LIVE MINT

Context:

The Citizenship (Amendment) Bill 2019, that looks to give Indian nationality to non-Muslim displaced people from Pakistan, Bangladesh and Afghanistan breezed through the lower House assessment.

Background:

  • Correct the meaning of illicit migrant for Hindu, Sikh, Parsi, Buddhist and Christian settlers from Pakistan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh, who have lived in India without documentation.
  • They will be allowed quick track Indian citizenship in six years. (12 years of habitation has been the standard qualification prerequisite for naturalization)

Eligiblity:

  • Applies to the individuals who had to look for cover in India because of abuse on the ground of religion”.
  • The cut-off date was December 31, 2014, which implies the candidate ought to have entered India prior to that date.
  • Indian citizenship, under present law, is offered either to those conceived in India or in the event that they have lived in the nation for at least 11 years.
  • The Bill additionally proposes for the dropping of Overseas Citizen of India (OCI) enrollment where the OCI card-holder has abused any arrangement of the Citizenship Act or some other law in power.

Govt stand and criticism:

  • Focus says these minority bunches have come getting away mistreatment in Muslim-larger part countries. Be that as it may, the rationale isn’t steady – the bill doesn’t ensure every strict minority, nor does it apply to all neighbors.
  • The Ahmedia Muslim order and even Shias face segregation in Pakistan. Rohingya Muslims and Hindus face abuse in neighboring Burma, and Hindu and Christian Tamils in neighboring Sri Lanka.
  • The administration reacts that Muslims can look for shelter in Islamic countries, however has not responded to different inquiries.

Exceptions in the bills:

  • Taxi won’t have any significant bearing to zones under the 6th calendar of the Constitution – which manages self-governing inborn commanded locales in Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram.
  • The bill will likewise not have any significant bearing to states that have the internal line grant system (Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland and Mizoram).

How is it different from NRC(National register for citizens)?

  • The National Register of Citizens or NRC that we found in Assam focused on unlawful foreigners.
  • An individual needed to demonstrate that possibly they, or their predecessors were in Assam at the very latest March 24, 1971.
  • NRC, which might be reached out to the remainder of the nation, did not depend on religion not at all like CAB.

Why so much opposition?

  • The CAB segregates Muslim personality by pronouncing India an invite shelter to all different strict networks.
  • It looks to lawfully build up Muslims as peasants of India by giving particular treatment to different gatherings.
  • This disregards the Constitution’s Article 14, the crucial right to fairness to all people.
  • This essential structure of the Constitution can’t be reshaped by any Parliament.

Conclusion:

  • India was not made based on religion, Pakistan was. Just the Muslim League and the Hindu Right upheld the two country hypothesis of Hindu and Muslim countries, which prompted Partition.
  • Every one of the organizers of India were focused on a common state, where all residents independent of religion delighted in full participation.

Connecting the dots:

  • Citizenship law revision conflicts with non-biased standards in the Constitution. Basically Analyze

AGRICULTURE

TOPIC: General Studies 3:

  • Transport and advertising of rural produce and issues and related limitations

New Seed Bill 2019 

Daily Current Affairs IAS | UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam – 10th December 2019

Src : Krishi Jagarn

Context

  • The National Seed Association of India (NSAI), recommended a few changes in the proposed Seed Bill 2019, including a progressively logical meaning of transgenic assortment, improved rancher rights on seeds and enrolling the administrations of private firms for assessing new assortments before seed enlistment.

Current The Seeds Act, 1966:

  • Just covers “advised sorts or assortments of seeds”,regulation of value, as well, is constrained to the seeds of assortments that have been formally informed.
  • The arrangements of The Seeds Act, 1966, apply just to affirmed seeds delivered of advised assortments.

New Seeds Bill, 2019 :

  • The new Seeds Bill, 2019 accommodates necessary enrollment of “any sort or assortment of seeds” that are looked to be sold.
  • Indeed, even half and halves/assortments of privately owned businesses should be enlisted.
  • Their seeds would need to fulfill the base recommended guidelines identifying with germination, physical and hereditary immaculateness, and so forth.
  • Reproducers would be required to reveal the “normal execution” of their enlisted assortments “under given conditions”.
  • On the off chance that the seed of such enlisted kind or assortment “neglects to give the normal execution under such given conditions”, the rancher “may guarantee pay from the maker, seller, merchant or merchant under The Consumer Protection Act, 1986”.

Background :

  • The 1966 enactment was ordered at the hour of the Green Revolution, when the nation scarcely had any private seed industry.
  • The high-yielding wheat and paddy assortments, which made India independent in grains by the 1980s, were created by the different ICAR foundations and SAUs.
  • These open area establishments have held their strength in rearing of wheat, paddy (counting basmati), sugarcane, beats, soybean, groundnut, mustard, potato, onion and different harvests, where ranchers to a great extent develop open-pollinated assortments (OPV) whose grain can be spared as seed for re-planting.
  • In the course of the most recent three decades or more, notwithstanding, privately owned businesses and multinationals have made critical advances, especially into crops that are amiable to hybridisation.
  • Today, the size of the private mixture seeds industry is assessed at Rs 15,000 crore.

Response of private seed industry

  • Seed organizations have respected the arrangement of mandatory enlistment everything being equal/crossovers, in light of the consequences of multi-area preliminaries for an endorsed period to set up their presentation versus the cases of the raisers concerned.
  • This should help limit the danger of ranchers being sold seeds of low-quality hereditary qualities, particularly by transient administrators exploiting the “honest naming” and “self-affirmation” forms.
  • The business, be that as it may, needs the procedure of enrollment to be time-bound.
  • Given the absence of labor and framework inside the administration framework, the enrollment might be allowed or denied based on multi-area preliminaries completed by the raiser/candidate itself.
  • In any case, the industry’s principle reservation is the arrangement for guideline of offer cost “in new circumstances like shortage of seeds, anomalous ascent in costs, monopolistic valuing or profiteering”.
  • The way that this intensity of fixing deal cost of seed has been offered both to the Center and state governments has added to their anxiety.
  • Their conflict is that seed represents not by any means a tenth of the all out operational expenses in many harvests, notwithstanding the hereditary data contained in it being the principle determinant of grain yield and quality.

 Connecting the dots:

  • The new Seeds Bill is tilted against ranchers’ inclinations and stacked for seed organizations. Fundamentally Analyze.

(TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE)


Model questions: (You can now post your answers in comment section)

Q.1) Which of the following countries are generally considered as Nordic Countries

  1. Denmark
  2. Finland
  3. Iceland
  4. Norway
  5. Sweden

Select the correct answer from the codes given below.

  1. 1,2 and 3 only
  2. 2,3 and 4 only
  3. 1,2,3 and 4 only
  4. 1,2,3,4 & 5

Q.2) Consider the following statements about Constitutional Amendment Bills

  1. Prior recommendation of President is needed for introducing the constitution amendment bills
  2. When Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha differs with respect to passage of Constitutional Amendment Bill, President calls for Joint Sitting of both Houses of Parliament so as to resolve the differences and pave way for its passage.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.3) Consider the following statements about Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS)

  1. It is a statutory body established in 1987 under the BIS Act 1986which replaced the Indian Standards Institution (ISI).
  2. It works under the overallguidance of Ministry of Corporate Affairs

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.4) Consider the following statements

  1. Human Rights Day is celebrated on the 10th December every year to commemorate the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), which was adopted by UN during its 1993 Rio Summit.
  2. India’s National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) is a Constitutional Bodyestablished under Article 334 to investigate the violation of human rights or the failures of the state or other to prevent a human rights violation.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are incorrect?

  1. 1only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.5) Human Development Index is released by which organisation/body?

  1. World Economic Forum
  2. World Bank
  3. International Monetary Fund
  4. United Nations Development Programme

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