UPSC Exam Current Affairs and News Analysis (16-09-2019)

upsc exam current affairs 16-09-2019

Highlights |UPSC Exam Current Affairs 16-09-2019

Current Affairs and News (16-09-2019)- The following article contains all the updated events and news for IAS Preparation. Our daily IAS Current Affairs and News cover the most important topics to give precise information to the reader and IAS Aspirants.

  • SURVEY OF INDIA (SoI)
  • Vulture Conservation
  • India’s growth figures are off the mark
  • Jan Soochna Portal and National Judicial Data Grid: remarkable achievement in advancing RTI

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UPSC Exam Current Affairs 16-09-2019 are followed in the part below:

UPSC Exam Current Affairs and News Analysis (16-09-2019)

SURVEY OF INDIA (SoI)

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-II – Governance

In News

  • SoI to convey 300 automatons for mapping nation
  • As of now the best SoI maps have a goals of 1:250000, which means a 1 cm on the guide speaks to 2500 cm on the ground.
  • The new maps being readied will be of 1:500 goals, which means 1 cm will speak to 500 cm.
  • The point is to delineate of India’s topography—about 2.4 million sq km of the 3.2 million sq km — inside the following two years.
  • Other than exceptional detail, formation of High-goals maps will encourage digitisation of land titles in towns.
  • In view of the accessibility of precise maps, occupants will at long last have the option to get property cards just as legitimate lawful titles to their territories

Do you know?

  • Review of India is the National Survey and Mapping Organization of the nation
  • It is the most established logical division of the Govt. of India. It was set up in 1767 with its home office at Dehradun, Uttarakhand.
  • It is under the Department of Science and Technology
  • It has the duty to guarantee that the nation’s area is investigated and mapped appropriately. It additionally gives base maps to speedy and incorporated improvement.

 Vulture Conservation

Part of: GS Prelims and Mains GS-III – Environmental Conservation

In News

  • The number of inhabitants in the vultures in the nation declined strongly from 40 million during the 80s to a couple thousand by 2009.
  • The significant purpose for the vulture populace getting almost cleared out was the medication Diclofenac, found in the cadaver of cows the vultures benefited from.
  • The medication, whose veterinary utilize was prohibited in 2008, was normally regulated to cows to treat aggravation.
  • To consider the reason for passings of vultures, a Vulture Care Center (VCC) was set up at Pinjore, Haryana in 2004.
  • At present there are nine Vulture Conservation and Breeding Centers (VCBC) in India, of which three are legitimately regulated by Bombay Natural History Society (BNHS).
  • The goal of the VCBCs isn’t just to care for the vultures and breed them in bondage, yet in addition to discharge them into nature.
  • The absolute number of vultures in these VCBCs is presently more than 700.
  • Nowadays the woodland division consuming or covering creature corpses it to ward poachers off. Be that as it may, the training is denying nourishment to vultures. Accordingly, researchers at VCBCs have called for better administration of body dumps.

Agri Credit

Part of: GS Prelims and Mains GS-III – Economy

In News

  • The Internal Working Group (IWG) headed by M.K.Jain, established by the RBI to Review Agricultural Credit presented its report.
  • A portion of the proposals of the gathering are:
  • Need area loaning rules ought to have a different definition for loaning to little and minimal ranchers dependent on their territory holding size.
  • Banks ought not demand land records for borrower looking for credit of up to Rs 2 lakh
  • Digitize land records with the goal that banks can make charges against landholdings, which will diminish examples of twofold or various financing on a similar real estate parcel.
  • State governments should change their lawful system based on the Model Land Leasing Act proposed by NITI Aayog, which will make it simpler for ranchers to rent land for development and in this manner profit credit.
  • An administrative establishment, similar to that of the GST Council, ought to be set up with individuals from the focal and state governments to execute agrarian changes.
  • At present there is no database of the Indian agribusiness area. In this manner, GoI with the assistance of state governments ought to build up a concentrated database for farming catching subtleties identified with crops developed, trimming design, yield, planted/inundated territory, strength of soil, normal catastrophe.
  • Focal and state governments should set up a credit ensure conspire on the credit extensions ensure plans for MSME part to cover the default danger of the borrowers.
  • Intrigue subvention plan ought to be supplanted with direct-advantage moves to shopping center and peripheral ranchers, sharecroppers, tenant farmers, oral renters and landless workers as individual borrowers or through self improvement gathering model up to a furthest reaches of Rs 3 lakh.

(MAINS FOCUS)


ECONOMY

TOPIC: 

General Studies 1:

  • Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.
  • Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.

India’s growth figures are off the mark

Context

  • The monetary development rate (quarterly) for the last five quarters 8% to 7% to 6.6% to 5.8% and now to 5%.(much under 5%)
  • Specialists like IMF , RBI , ADB have been demonstrating a 7% yearly pace of development
  • Information shows that venture recommendations are at a 14-year low.

Origin of the slowdown:

  • Chaotic division creating 45% of the yield and utilizing 94% of the workforce, has been in decrease since demonetisation and the Goods and Services Tax , which is pulling down the pace of development of the economy.
  • The decrease in the workforce, the ascent in the interest for work under the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, and so forth proposes that the unorganised segment has declined by 10%.

Why the difference between experts and the actual growth rate?

  • Since these offices are not free information gathering organizations and rely upon authentic information.
  • The over-dependence on the composed part for authentic GDP information is causing a gross error

The official data only represents the organised sector like:

  • For assessing quarterly development govt utilizes ,evaluations of Agricultural Production, Index of Industrial Production (IIP) and execution of key areas like, Railways, Transport other than Railways, Communication, Banking, Insurance and Government Revenue Expenditure.(Except for farming, these have a place with the sorted out part of the economy)
  • For the yearly gauges govt utilizes mining, banking, inns and cafés, and transport. For development, steel, glass, and so on are utilized which are likewise gotten from the sorted out part generation.

The supposition that will be that the composed segment information speaks to for the chaotic segment. Be that as it may, with the economy enduring in the course of the most recent three years which antagonistically affected the sloppy division, this supposition doesn’t remain constant.

Measures taken and their impact :

  • As of late declared Bank mergers further upset a significant lump of the financial framework in the coming year.
  • As of late reported bundle for the car division or making banks give financing cost slices to organizations have little effect
  • The declaration of an exchange of Rs 1.76 lakh crore from the RBI to the administration will enable the legislature to keep up the monetary deficiency focus at 3.3%. Yet, this won’t give the required improvement.( financial shortage today is 9%)

Conclusion :

  • The speculation rate has floated at around 30% throughout the previous quite a long while in light of the fact that the limit usage in the economy has been around 75%.Unless this ascents, new venture will mean even lower limit use and lower productivity since capital will be underutilized.
  • The official information just speaks to the sorted out segment. To consolidate the chaotic area, information from elective sources should be utilized.
  • Govt must uncover the pace of development of the disorderly segment that it is utilizing in its assessments and which did not depend on utilizing the sorted out area as an intermediary.

Connecting the dots:

  • Do you thoroughly consider dependence on the sorted out division for legitimate GDP information is causing a gross error?

POLITY/GOVERNANCE

TOPIC: General Studies 2:

  • Important Aspects of Governance, Transparency and Accountability, E-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; Citizens Charters, Transparency & Accountability and institutional and other measures.
  • Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
  • Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes

Jan Soochna Portal and National Judicial Data Grid: remarkable achievement in advancing RTI

About Jan Soochna Portal (JSP)

  • It was impelled by the organization of Rajasthan
  • Related with right to information (RTI)
  • JSP makes State government dependable to everyone
  • People will move toward welfare plans, pay works out, for instance, mining, and other help transport issues, for instance, prosperity and preparing.
  • Information remains around panchayats and self-organization e-Mitra centers in the towns will be set up to enable the people to get to the information.
  • Division of Information Technology will fill in as the nodal office for the progression, operationalisation and upkeep of the JSP.

National Judicial Data Grid (NJDG)

  • By: The e-Committee of the Supreme Court
  • Point: To give data on cases pending in the region courts the country over
  • It is a bit of the on-going e-Courts Integrated Mission Mode Project, and the NJDG fills in as a checking gadget to recognize, regulate and lessen pendency of cases

Do you know?

  • Section 4 of the RTI Act — oversees proactive disclosure of information
  • More than 70,000 cases were pending for over 30 years (as showed by NJDG)

Need of the hour: Transparency should be accompanied by accountability

One can allude to occurrences of JSP or NJDG as a proof to help that availability of information (straightforwardness) has provoked obligation.

Case 1: National Judicial Data Grid (NJDG)

  • NJDG had revealed number of pending cases the country over and it held value movement system (Chief Justices and Registrars) capable to such colossal deferrals.
  • Result – Many courts have begun to concentrate on the exchange of old cases with noteworthy accomplishment.

Case 2: Jan Soochna Portal (JSP) and associated Janta Information System

  • JSP gives nuances of every development of the organization, for instance, openness of sustenance grains and extent shops and their movement, use of various plans and their beneficiaries and an arrangement of other information.
  • Since the information is open on the Internet, every occupant moves toward the information and hence the State government is capable to everyone.
  • Information open on passage ranges from deferred farmers’ advances, mining leases, defilement and condition clearances, age and powers and costs paid, etc.
  • This kind of information can energize a unique relationship among government and inhabitants for a cleaner society.

Crux:

  • Centrality of advancement and digitalization: With the use of development and digitisation of records and information, extent of information is made wholeheartedly available on the JSP or NJDG.
  • Information at free of cost: There is no prerequisite for anyone to make plan of move to the RTI Act and foresee a response. All information can be gotten to rapidly, free of cost.
  • Advances RTI: The dispatch of such passages are according to the certifiable soul of the Right to Information (RTI) Act and ensures consistence with Section 4(2) of the RTI Act that requests the open authorities to proactively uncover information in the open space.

Jan Soochna Portal (JSP) or the National Judicial Data Grid (NJDG) is striking achievement in driving the Right to Information (RTI).

Conclusion:

Automated separate is point of fact a noteworthy issue in India. To associate this, care should be taken to ensure that ways are open and free. In like manner steps should be taken to plan inhabitants and make them aware of the workplaces open.

It would be magnificent if all other State governments pursue the Rajasthan government’s drive (JSP), which plans to make individuals, including the minimized areas, a piece of the administration procedure.

Connecting the dots:

  • Straightforwardness joined by responsibility can get change any framework. Prove.
  • Do you think resident investment add to great administration? Outline with models or late activities how individuals can be made a piece of the administration procedure.
  • Resident’s entitlement to data is progressively being viewed as a significant instrument to advance receptiveness, straightforwardness and responsibility. Why? Analyze.

(TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE)


Model questions: (You can now post your answers in comment section)

Q.1) Consider the following statements

  1. The Internal Working Group (IWG) headed by Bimal Jalan was constituted by the RBI to Review Agricultural Credit scenario in India
  2. IWG recommended a federal institution, like that of the GST Council, should be set up with members from the central and state governments to implement agricultural reforms
  3. IWG also recommended a credit guarantee scheme to farm loans on the lines of credit guarantee schemes for MSME sector to cover the default risk of the borrowers.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 1,2 and 3

Q.2) Consider the following statements

Assertion (A): The population of the vultures in the country declined sharply from 40 million in the 80s to a few thousand by 2009.

Reason (R): The major reason behind the vulture population getting nearly wiped out was the drug Diclofenac, found in the carcass of cattle the vultures fed on.

Select the correct answer from the codes given below.

  1. Both A & R are correct and R is the correct explanation for A
  2. Both A & R are correct but R is not the correct explanation for A
  3. A is correct and R is incorrect
  4. A is incorrect and R is correct

Q.3) Consider the following statements about Survey of India

  1. It is the oldest scientific department of the Govt. of India. It was set up in 1767 with its headquarters at Dehradun, Uttarakhand.
  2. It is under the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

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