UPSC Exam Current Affairs and News Analysis (19-09-2019)

upsc exam current affairs 19-09-2019

Highlights |UPSC Exam Current Affairs 19-09-2019

Current Affairs and News (19-09-2019)- The following article contains all the updated events and news for IAS Preparation. Our daily IAS Current Affairs and News cover the most important topics to give precise information to the reader and IAS Aspirants.

  • Astra missile
  • Tejas
  • Malnutrition
  • Indian Diaspora
  • Trade tensions between the US and China
  • Green bonus- Integrating mountains with the mainstream

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UPSC Exam Current Affairs 19-09-2019 are followed in the part below:

UPSC Exam Current Affairs and News Analysis (19-09-2019)

Astra missile

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-III – Security

In News

  • India has effectively flight-tried aerial rocket Astra indigenously planned and created by DRDO as a component of the Integrated Guided Missile Development Program (IGMDP).
  • The best in class rocket was propelled from Sukhoi-30 MKI off the shoreline of Odisha as a major aspect of client preliminaries by the Indian Air Force(IAF)
  • Changes of the Sukhoi-30 MKI planes to suit Astra rockets has been completed by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited.
  • The Astra rocket is a past visual range rocket. It is equipped for drawing in various focuses at various elevations.
  • The rocket has a strike scope of 70km.
  • The rocket has a 15-kg high-dangerous pre-divided warhead.
  • It is sans smoke, having two way information connect and gives exceptionally less opportunities to adversary to be alert about it.

Tejas

Part of: GS Prelims and Mains GS-III- Security

In News

  • Rajnath Singh turned into the primary barrier pastor to fly on the Tejas.
  • The Tejas is an indigenous light weight, multi job supersonic airplane created in both contender and coach forms.
  • Considered as a MiG-21 substitution, the air ship has been planned and created by Aeronautical Development Agency (arm of DRDO) and delivered by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL)
  • The Tejas is intended to convey a veritable plenty of aerial, air-to-surface, accuracy guided and standoff weaponry.
  • A cluster of the Tejas flying machine has been as of now been drafted into the Indian Air Force.
  • The maritime variant is in the improvement arrange and a basic test was led effectively in September first week through “captured getting”, a capacity to arrive on board a plane carrying warship.

Malnutrition

Part of: GS Prelims and Mains GS-II – Health

In News

66% of the 1.04 million passings in kids under five years in India are up ’til now inferable from absence of solid sustenance,

  • This was uncovered in the state-wide information on lack of healthy sustenance exhibited by the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), Public Health Foundation of India (PHFI) and National Institute of Nutrition (NIN).
  • The Disability-Adjusted Life Years (DALY) rate inferable from lack of healthy sustenance in childrenvaries 7-overlap among the states — a hole between a high of 74,782 in Uttar Pradesh and a low of 11,002 in Kerala.
  • Different discoveries of the report were:
    • low birthweight was 21.4 % extending from 9 % in Mizoram to 24 % in UP.
    • youngster hindering (low stature for-age) 39.3 % going from 21 % in Goa to 49 % in UP
    • youngster squandering (low weight for stature) 15.7 %
    • youngster underweight7 % extending from 16% in Manipur to 42 % in Jharkhand.
    • iron deficiency in youngsters 59.7 % going from 21 % in Mizoram to 74 % in Haryana
    • iron deficiency in ladies 15–49 years old 54.4 %
    • selective breastfeeding 53.3 % and
    • overweight child5 %
  • Plans to handle lack of healthy sustenance in India are: Integrated Child Development Scheme propelled in 1975, the National Nutrition Policy 1993, the Mid Day Meal Scheme for younger students 1995, and the National Food Security Act 2013, POSHAN Abhiyan
  • So as to diminish hunger, spotlight will be required on significant determinants like arrangement of clean drinking water, decreasing paces of open crap, improving ladies’ instructive status, and nourishment and sustenance security for the most defenseless families.

Indian Diaspora

Part of: GS Prelims and Mains GS-II – Indian Diaspora

In News

  • At 17.5 million, Indian diaspora biggest on the planet says the UN report.
  • Report: The International Migrant Stock 2019, a dataset discharged by the Population Division of the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA)
  • It gives the most recent evaluations of the quantity of worldwide vagrants by age, sex and inception for all nations and zones of the world.
  • In 2019, the quantity of transients globallyreached an expected 272 million.
  • Transients from Mexico established the second biggest diaspora with 11.8 million individuals pursued by China (10.7 million), Russia (10.5 million) and Syria (8.2 million).
  • Territorially, Europe facilitated the biggest number of global vagrants (82 million),followed by Northern America (59 million) and Northern Africa and Western Asia (49 million).
  • At the nation level, United States of America facilitating the biggest number of global transients (51 million),with Germany and Saudi Arabia facilitating the second and third biggest quantities of vagrants (13 million each).
  • India facilitated 5.1 million global transients in 2019. The most elevated number of global transients originated from Bangladesh, Pakistan and Nepal.
  • The worldwide number of outcasts and refuge seekersincreased by 13 million somewhere in the range of 2010 and 2017. Northern Africa and Western Asia facilitated around 46% of the worldwide number of exiles and refuge searchers.
  • The portion of ladies and young ladies in the worldwide number of global migrantsfell marginally, from 49% in 2000 to 48% in 2019.

(MAINS FOCUS)


ECONOMY

TOPIC: General Studies 3:

  • Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.
  • Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.
  • Investment models.

Trade tensions between the US and China

Context:

  • The unending acceleration of exchange pressures between the US and China has prompted a disturbance of since a long time ago settled stock chains between the two nations
  • Firms trading from China, both residential and remote, have started to move to different nations in Asia.

Origin of the US-China dispute

  • The US and China have been slugging it out since Trump slapped substantial levies on imported steel and aluminum things from China a year ago, and China reacted by forcing blow for blow duties on billions of dollars worth of American imports.
  • The question raised after Washington requested that China decrease its $375 billion exchange shortage with the US, and present “undeniable measures” for security of Intellectual Property Rights, innovation move, and more access to American merchandise in Chinese markets.

What is there in for India?

  • Open door for India to grow exchange with the US and China—by filling in supply holes.
  • India may draw in firms leaving China to utilize India as a sending out base, in this way improving India’s assembling base, making employments and further growing its exchange—particularly with the US.
  • the size of Chinese fares (around multiple times India’s fares) infers that even little changes to a portion of China’s less critical fares may make chances of noteworthy scale for nations, for example, India.

For instance,

  • Chinese materials represent almost 20% of US material imports while Indian fares represent just somewhat over 5%.
  • Chinese worldwide hardware sends out sum to almost $1.2 trillion, while India trades are an insignificant $27 billion.
  • Indian hardware fares would increment by over 40%, were India to assume control over an insignificant 1% of Chinese apparatus sends out.

Challenges in India

  • India the procurement of land to set up huge assembling activities remains colossally dangerous and where framework bolster stays not exactly perfect
  • aggressive work costs, an expense and administrative condition friendly to business, and simple and bother free access to the entirety of the components of generation—land, work, capital and different data sources, for example, crude materials and moderate inputs.(need to be checked)
  • a deficient street, rail, and seaport arrange,
  • expanding expenses of getting merchandise to advertise
  • the speculations that are probably going to stream to India, leaving China, will be described by low fixed expenses and relative capital non-power—that is, generally “footloose” ventures.
  • The risk with footloose capital, is that it might leave simply as it had landed with even a little change in motivating forces either in India or abroad.

Footloose industry

  • Footloose industry is a general term for an industry that can be set and situated at any area without impact from variables of generation, for example, assets, land, work, and capital.
  • These businesses regularly have spatially fixed costs, which implies that the expenses of the items don’t change regardless of where the item is collected. Jewels, PC chips, and portable assembling are a few instances of footloose ventures.

Do you know?

  • Vietnam, have been unquestionably more fruitful than India in drawing in firms leaving China. Surely, Vietnam’s fares to the US a year ago have ascended by over 40%.

Conclusion

  • India has appreciated an improvement in its “speculation atmosphere” and the “simplicity of working together” rankings throughout the years, and keeping in mind that it has executed huge progression of its outside local venture (FDI) rules, setting up assembling tasks in India stays an overwhelming test for some future financial specialists.
  • Significant capital-escalated fabricating exercises move to India for all time, requires a considerable improvement in the essential factors that drive FDI.
  • Presently isn’t the ideal opportunity for tinkering at the edges however for intense moves to make India a genuine player in worldwide worth chains.

Connecting the dots:

  • Govt’s ongoing declarations offering improved exchange assistance—particularly in managing administrative work identifying with charges, exchange credits, etc—are welcome enhancements . Legitimize?

ECONOMY/ENVIRONMENT

TOPIC: General Studies 3:

  • Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment (especially in Environment and Renewable energy sector).
  • Environment and Ecology, Bio diversity – Conservation, environmental degradation, environmental impact assessment, Environment versus Development

Green bonus- Integrating mountains with the mainstream

Context:

  • In the most recent seven day stretch of July 2019, 11 Himalayan States of India met in Dehradun requesting a “green reward”.
  • Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) guaranteed inits general political race pronouncement to give a monetary bundle to address the extraordinary formative needs of the Himalayan States.

What is Green bonus:

11 Himalayan states assembled and made the accompanying requests to the inside.

  • A different Union service to manage issues endemic to them
  • The States requested to create hydropower assets, endowments for their ecological insurance estimates which deny them typical ‘advancement models’, and acknowledgment of their endeavors to meet human improvement parameters.
  • Bring political, social, or biological practical terms with the explicitness of the Himalayan locale.
  • A green reward in acknowledgment of their commitment to condition preservation.

  Rationale behind such demands

  • The vast majority of the nation’s streams start in the Himalayan states and in this way they need to assume critical job in water protection endeavors.
  • Likewise huge piece of their property fell into eco-touchy zones where formative exercises are seriously confined.
  • A green reward is subsequently expected to pay for their weaknesses.

Scenarios in integrating mountain regions with the national mainstream:

  • The mountain zone begins from Balochistan, through Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, J&K, Ladakh, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Nepal, Sikkim and Gorkhaland, to Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram and the Chittagong Hill Tracts.
  • They experience issues in incorporating these sloping locales with these national states which are essentially tied down in the fields.
  • Writers/authors have additionally opinioned about the auxiliary, social, and practical contrasts of the mountain states from the remainder of India in their compositions:
  • Mix issue’ isn’t only a South Asian wonder — China is attempting to coordinate its mountain individuals and their countries with its national standard, as are Myanmar, Thailand, and different nations.

Colonial era:

  • The foundation of Pax Britannica’s outskirts along India’s northern mountain which was moored in the general public and political economy of the fields could just because could venture so profound into the Himalayas and control them which were verifiably phenomenal.
  • In short, the Himalayas effectively gave a boundary to Russian provincial development however were fruitless in giving an exchange course into China.
  • Keeping the mountains politically calm and socially tranquil was both an alluring point and a confident depiction before the finish of the nineteenth century.
  • The free country conditions of Asia like India, Pakistan, China or Myanmar have all envisioned themselves to be the inheritors, in the high Himalayas, of the geopolitical stakes of their pioneer ancestors.
  • The satisfaction of the ‘slope station’ or the war-like techniques towards the northern tribesmen was the two manifestations of this pilgrim arrangement.

Norms of an Indian village:

  • The standards of an ‘Indian town’ relies upon how its general public is organized, how its economy is in reverse or in what ways does its political labor of love make no reference to the specificities of the mountain areas.
  • This isn’t just a social-mental element however has direct functional results as approaches and projects are concocted with the ‘national standard’ at the top of the priority list, which quite often have unintended outcomes on the sloping districts.

Conclusion:

  • There is a direct, yet short, connect between the requests of the Himalayan States looking for an extraordinary “green reward” — which the BJP bolsters.
  • The huge development of the national economy in the course of recent decades presently takes into consideration commodification of mountain assets (timberlands, water, work, the travel industry, cultivation and even horticulture).
  • It has prompted changes in the class structure and the rise of another working class with national desires that locate the topographical particularity of the Himalayas.

Connecting the dots:

  • How the secessionist developments in J&K and Nagaland and integrationist developments in Himachal Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh and Manipur help the individuals to go to the national standard?
  • What are the fundamental purposes behind the low spotlight on the Himalayan states as for social, efficient and political measures?

(TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE)


Model questions: (You can now post your answers in comment section)

Q.1) Consider the following statements about Tejas aircraft

  1. The aircraft has been indigenously designed and developed by Aeronautical Development Agency (arm of DRDO) and produced by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL)
  2. The Tejas is designed to carry air-to-air, air-to- surface, precision guided and standoff weaponry.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.2) Consider the following statements about Astra missile

  1. It is indigenously designed and developed by DRDO as part of the Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme (IGMDP).
  2. It is a surface-to-air missile having a range of 300 kms.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.3) Consider the following statements

  1. At 17.5 million, Indian diaspora largest in the world followed by Mexico (11.8 million), China (10.7 million) and Russia (10.5 million)
  2. The highest number of international migrants into India came from Africa and ASEAN countries.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

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