UPSC Exam Current Affairs and News Analysis (20-09-2019)

upsc exam current affairs 20-09-2019

Highlights|UPSC Exam Current Affairs 20-09-2019

Current Affairs and News (20-09-2019)- The following article contains all the updated events and news for IAS Preparation. Our daily IAS Current Affairs and News cover the most important topics to give precise information to the reader and IAS Aspirants.

  • INS Khanderi
  • NEAT Scheme
  • Right to access internet
  • NIRVIK scheme
  • The ban on e-cigarettes
  • Hindi as a national language

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UPSC Exam Current Affairs 20-09-2019 are followed in the part below:

UPSC Exam Current Affairs and News Analysis (20-09-2019)

INS Khanderi

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-III – Security

In News

  • INS Khanderi completely robotized submarine and the second of the six Scorpene Class submarines, will be dispatched on September 28, 2019
  • It is worked by State-claimed Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders Ltd, India’s greatest warship manufacturer, under an exchange of innovation concurrence with French maritime resistance and vitality bunch DCNS
  • The submarine ‘KHANDERI’ is named after the wide snouted Saw fish, a savage ocean predator of the incomparable Indian Ocean.
  • Six Scorpene class submarines are being worked under Project 75 which can embrace different kinds of missions i.e Anti-Surface fighting, Anti-Submarine fighting, insight assembling, mine laying, zone reconnaissance and so forth.
  • The first of the six scorpene class submarine named INS Kalvari was appointed into the Indian Navy on September 2018.
  • The developments of third Scorpene KARANJ, was begun in 2018, and is right now experiencing the thorough period of ocean preliminaries.
  • The other three submarines VELA, VAGIR and VAGSHEER, are in different phases of improvement. The remainder of the submarines will be conveyed by 2022.

NEAT Scheme

Part of: GS Prelims and Mains GS-II – Education

In News

  • Service of HRD has reported another PPP Scheme, National Educational Alliance for Technology (NEAT) for utilizing innovation for better learning results in Higher Education
  • The goal is to utilize Artificial Intelligence to make adapting increasingly customized and redid according to the necessities of the student.
  • MHRD would make and keep up a National NEAT stage that would give one-stop access to these innovative arrangements.
  • AICTE would be the executing organization for NEAT program.
  • EdTech companieswould be liable for creating arrangements and overseeing enrollment of students through the NEAT entry.
  • EdTech organizations would likewise bring to the table free coupons to the degree of 25% of their all out enlistments. MHRD would appropriate these free coupons to the most socially/monetarily in reverse understudies.

Right to access internet


Part of: GS Prelims and Mains GS-II -Governance

In News

  • The Kerala High Court held that the privilege to approach the Internet is a piece of the major right to instruction just as the privilege to security under Article 21 of the Constitution.
  • HC mentioned the objective fact while requesting the Principal of Sree Narayanaguru College, Kozhikode, to re-concede an understudy who had been removed from the school lodging for utilizing her cell phone past the confined hours.
  • The accompanying perceptions were made by the court
    • The Human Rights Council of the United Nationshas found that the privilege of access to Internet is a crucial opportunity and an apparatus to guarantee right to instruction.
    • Cell phones, when an extravagance, have now become “a vital part of the everyday life and even to a phase that it is unavoidable to get by with poise and opportunity”
    • Requirement of control by inn specialists will not beby obstructing the available resources of the understudies to secure information.

Do You know?

  • In S.Puttaswamy Vs Union of India case, nine judge Supreme Court seat maintained that the privilege to security is ensured as an essential sacred right under Articles 14, 19 and 21 of the Constitution of India
  • In 2016, the United Nations Human Rights Council discharged a non-restricting resolutioncondemning purposeful interruption of web access by governments.
  • The goals reaffirmed that “similar rights individuals have disconnected should likewise be ensured on the web”

NIRVIK scheme

Part of: GS Prelims and Mains GS-III – Indian Economy

In News

  • Fare Credit Guarantee Corporation of India (ECGC)has presented ‘NIRVIK’ plan to facilitate the loaning procedure and upgrade advance accessibility for exporters.
  • Fare credit protection (ECI) ensures an exporter of items and administrations against the danger of non-installment by a remote purchaser
  • The ECI essentially diminishes the installment dangers related with doing universal business by giving the exporter contingent confirmation that installment will be made if the outside purchaser can’t pay
  • At present ECGC gives a front of 60% of the misfortune to banks.
  • The new NIRVIK plan will give 90% inclusion of the head and enthusiasm of the advance for pre-and post-shipment credit, and half of this will be given in 30 days
  • The current premium rate would likewise be brought down under the new plan
  • The plan is in this manner expected to cut down the expense of credit because of capital help, less arrangement necessity and liquidity because of brisk settlement of cases.
  • ECGC is a completely government-claimed organization that was set up in 1957 to advance fares by giving credit protection administrations.

(MAINS FOCUS)


HEALTH

TOPIC: General Studies 2:

  • Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

The ban on e-cigarettes

Context:

  • The Union Cabinet had affirmed a mandate forbidding generation, import, circulation and closeout of electronic cigarettes.
  • Any generation, import, trade, deal (counting on the web), conveyance or ad, and capacity of e-cigarettes is a cognisable offense culpable with detainment or fine, or both.

e-cigarettes:

An electronic cigarette (or e-cig) is a battery-fueled vaporizer that mirrors tobacco smoking. It works by warming up a nicotine fluid, called “juice.”

  • Nicotine juice (or e-juice) comes in different flavors and nicotine levels.
  • e-fluid is made out of five fixings: vegetable glycerin (a material utilized in a wide range of nourishment and individual consideration items, similar to toothpaste) and propylene glycol (a dissolvable most regularly utilized in haze machines.)
  • propylene glycol is the fixing that produces thicker billows of fume.
  • E-cigarettes, don’t consume tobacco leaves. Rather these battery-worked gadgets produce vaporized by warming an answer containing in addition to other things, nicotine.

Defenders of e-cigs contend that the training is more beneficial than customary cigarettes since clients are just breathing in water fume and nicotine.

Why ban?

  • The Center cases the choice to boycott e-cigarettes was taken as they were a wellbeing danger to the adolescent.
  • Seven passings have been recorded in the U.S. — the biggest purchaser of e-cigarettes on the planet — where, New York as of late restricted the clearance of enhanced e-cigarettes.
  • the danger of constant obstructive pneumonic illness, lung malignant growth, and perhaps cardiovascular infection and different sicknesses likewise connected with smoking.
  • a few mixes in the airborne are dangerous substances that have known injurious impacts, and may very well be less destructive than cigarettes, not innocuous.

WHO’s  stand:

  • WHO’s Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) plots, these gadgets must be accepted to succeed on the off chance that smokers have proceeded onward to an elective nicotine source, and afterward quit utilizing that as well
  • There is proof now that vaping, dangled as a cool, fun, action, draws adolescents, and incidentally, serves to acquaint them with smoking.

Conclusion:

  • The Center’s transition to boycott these items shows an invite prejudice of whatever effects adversely on the wellbeing and health of the individuals of the nation
  • The administration, as of now on the correct way, must go hard and fast to guarantee that its boycott is actualized sincerely in letter and soul, not at all like the sketchy execution of the Cigarettes and Other Tobacco Products Act.

POLITY

TOPIC: General Studies 2:

  • Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.

Hindi as a national language

  • Home Minister Amit Shah as of late attested that the across the nation selection of Hindi is the main way India can be joined together.

Why?

  • The undertaking to constrain Hindi overall country by the Congress in 1965 had incited parts of the country really expending, with events of self-immolation in late Madras State.
  • People of southern India believed this to be an attempted social cleansing no less.

History:

  • The endeavor to force Hindi on the whole nation by the Congress in 1965 had prompted portions of the nation truly consuming, with occasions of self-immolation in recent Madras State.
  • Individuals of southern India considered this to be an endeavored social purging no less.

Southern people’s perspective:

  • The individuals of southern India hold emphatically to the possibility that they are Dravidian language speakers.
  • Hindi has a place with the gathering of Indo-European dialects and is no less outside in their retribution than English is to them.
  • Giving an explanation that Hindi is spoken by the biggest number is close to raunchy majoritarianism.
  • Uttar Pradesh is seen as a zone of backwardness with horde lynching emitting on the watch of a complicit state.

Recent study:

  • Study shows ‘information on English’ and ‘Web access’ ended up being the most noteworthy. Sex, standing and information on Hindi didn’t make a difference.

Crux:

  • The ruler Ashoka of the Maurya administration attempting to bring together the people groups of his distant through standards not through etymological nationalism.(Asoka’s declarations in various dialects is the evidence)
  • It is a misrepresentation to envision that we need a typical language to feel associated. Indians as of now feel associated because of a common history of a few centuries.

Constitutionality:

  • As indicated by Article-343, Hindi (in Devanagari content) is the official language of the Union.
  • Under Article-351, it is the obligation of the Union to energize the spread of the Hindi language with the goal that it might fill in as a mode of correspondence.

Conclusion:

For Hindi to be embraced by the individuals of southern India today they should hold a comparable perspective on the general public of their northern cousins. there may have been a portion of this during the national development, as its pre-famous pioneers originated from the north, there is little to praise the locale to them today.

Connecting the dots:

  • Individuals of India can be bound together through beliefs not through semantic patriotism . legitimize?

(TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE)


Model questions: (You can now post your answers in comment section)

Q.1) Kalvari, Khanderi and Karanj often seen in the news is related to which of the following area?

  1. New varieties of plant species discovered in Western Ghats
  2. Aircraft Carriers
  3. Submarines built by India
  4. None of the above

Q.2) Supreme Court in K.S.Puttaswamy Vs Union of India case upheld which of the following principle?

  1. Doctrine of Basic Structure
  2. Transgender Identity
  3. Right to Privacy as part of Article 21
  4. None of the above

Q.3) Consider the following statements about National Educational Alliance for Technology (NEAT)

  1. It is a PPP scheme by Ministry of Human Resource Development for better learning outcomes in primary Education
  2. The objective of the scheme is to use Artificial Intelligence to make learning more personalized and customised as per the requirements of the learner.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.4) Consider the following statements about NIRVIK scheme

  1. It is a scheme to ease the lending process and enhance loan availability for exporters.
  2. The scheme is being implemented by Export Credit Guarantee Corporation of India, which is Special Purpose vehicle created by Ministry of Commerce and Confederation of Indian Industry(CII)

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

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