UPSC Exam Current Affairs and News Analysis (28-12-2019)

upsc exam current affairs 28-12-2019

Highlights |UPSC Exam Current Affairs 28-12-2019

Current Affairs and News (28-12-2019)- The following article contains all the updated events and news for IAS Preparation. Our daily IAS Current Affairs and News cover the most important topics to give precise information to the reader and IAS Aspirants.

  • Somali Dervish movement: Negatives of ‘lost’ 1985 Somali epic found at NFAI
  • Uighur Muslims: Indonesian Muslims protest China’s treatment of Uighurs
  • Non-Performing Asset:  Gross NPAs may rise to 9.9% by next Sept., says RBI report
  • MGNREGA: fewer jobs since July, wider demand-supply gap
  • China, Iran and Russia:  held joint naval drills in the Indian Ocean and Gulf of Oman
  • National Population Register (NPR) : The Union Government to conduct Census 2021 and update the National Population Register

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UPSC Exam Current Affairs and News Analysis (28-12-2019)

Somali Dervish movement: Negatives of ‘lost’ 1985 Somali epic found at NFAI

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-I Decolonization

In news:

The negatives of an epic Somali film thought to have been lost were ‘found’ in the vaults of the Pune-based National Film Archive of India (NFAI).

Value addition For Prelims:

  • The Somali Dervish development was a furnished protection from the frontier powers – especially the British – in the Horn of Africa, somewhere in the range of 1899 and 1920
  • It was driven by the Sufi Muslim artist and aggressor pioneer Sayyid Mohamed

HORN OF AFRICA

Daily Current Affairs IAS | UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam – 28th December 2019

Src: Click here

  • It is a landmass in Africa. It comprises of Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, and Somalia.
  • It expands many kilometers into the Arabian Sea and lies along the southern side of the Gulf of Aden

Uighur Muslims: Indonesian Muslims protest China’s treatment of Uighurs

Part of: GS Prelims 

In news:

  • About thousand Muslims walked to the Chinese Embassy in Indonesia’s funding to fight China’s treatment of its Uighur Muslims

Value addition For Prelims:

  • Uigurs, are a minority Turkic ethnic gathering beginning from and socially associated with the general locale of Central and East Asia.
  • The Uyghurs are perceived as local to the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region of the People’s Republic of China.
  • China dismisses the possibility of them being an indigenous gathering
  • Since 2016, it is evaluated that over a million Uyghurs have been kept in Xinjiang re-instruction camps.(UN)
  • Worldwide Consortium of Investigative Journalists (ICIJ), the fundamental element of the camps is to guarantee adherence to Chinese Communist Party belief system.

Non-Performing Asset:  Gross NPAs may rise to 9.9% by next Sept., says RBI report

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-III Economy

Daily Current Affairs IAS | UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam – 28th December 2019

SRC: The Hindu

For Mains:

  • The gross non-performing resource (GNPA) proportion of banks may increment to 9.9% by September 2020 from 9.3% in September 2019.
  • because of progress in macroeconomic situation, negligible increment in slippages and the denominator impact of declining credit development.
  • The advantage nature of horticulture and administrations parts, as estimated by their GNPA proportions, disintegrated to 10.1%
  • Restoring the twin motors of utilization and venture remains the key test even while staying watchful about overflows from worldwide monetary markets.

Value addition For Prelims:

  • A non performing resource (NPA) is an advance or advance for which the head or intrigue installment stayed past due for a time of 90 days.

NPAs ordered further into Substandard, Doubtful and Loss resources.

  1. Unsatisfactory resources: Assets which has remained NPA for a period not exactly or equivalent to a year.
  2. Suspicious resources: An advantage would be delegated dubious on the off chance that it has stayed in the inadequate class for a time of a year.
  3. Misfortune resources: according to RBI, “Misfortune resource is viewed as uncollectible and of such little worth that its continuation as a bankable resource isn’t justified, despite the fact that there might be some rescue or recuperation esteem.”

MGNREGA: fewer jobs since July, wider demand-supply gap

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-III Policy Vulnerable sections

In news

  • Occupations created under the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) have demonstrated a plunge contrasted with a year ago after July.
  • Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi (PM-KISAN) is additionally seeing a deceleration of action .
  • 2018-19, the year that went before the Lok Sabha races, saw a record number of family units requesting just as being given work under the leader provincial open works program.
  • In 2018-19, request was enrolled from 5.88 crore family units, and 5.27 crore of them were given work.

Funds:

  • For 2019-20, the Modi government has allotted Rs 60,000 crore towards MGNREGA. Be that as it may, out of this planned entirety, Rs 9,493.80 crore would be required for clearing the liabilities of wages, material and managerial expenses for earlier years.
Daily Current Affairs IAS | UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam – 28th December 2019

SRC: IE

Fall in Employment due to:

  • The fall in MGNREGA work after July has been generally because of the beginning of the southwest rainstorm. Precipitation during the storm season (June-September) this year was 10% over the authentic long haul normal — the most elevated since 1994 — while it was 9.4% underneath normal in 2018

Value addition For Prelims:

PM-KISAN Scheme 

  • It means to broaden direct pay support at the pace of Rs. 6,000 every year to rancher families, having cultivable land upto 2 hectares.
  • This pay bolster will be moved legitimately into the financial balances of recipient ranchers, in three equivalent portions of Rs. 2,000 each.
  • Around 12 Crore little and peripheral rancher families are relied upon to profit.
  • This program will be subsidized by Government of India.
  • This program will involve a yearly consumption of Rs.75,000 crore.
  • PM-KISAN would make ready for the ranchers to win and live a good living.

The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA),

  • The MGNREGA gives a legitimate assurance to one hundred days of work in each budgetary year to grown-up individuals from any country family unit ready to do open business related untalented manual work at the statutory the lowest pay permitted by law.
  • The Ministry of Rural Development (MRD), Govt of India is observing the whole execution of this plan in relationship with state governments

(MAINS FOCUS)


INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

TOPIC: General Studies 2:

  • Impact of arrangements and governmental issues of created and creating nations on India’s inclinations, Indian Diaspora.

China, Iran and Russia:  held joint naval drills in the Indian Ocean and Gulf of Oman

In news:

  • China, Iran and Russia held joint maritime bores in the Indian Ocean and Gulf of Oman, in the midst of increased strain in the district among Iran and the United States.
  • This is being viewed as a reaction to late US manoeuvers in the locale.
  • practice has been propelled from the port city of Chabahar (The Chabahar port, which is close to Iran’s fringe with Pakistan, was worked with Indian help and is worked by India)
Daily Current Affairs IAS | UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam – 28th December 2019

SRC:TOIsreal

Why tensions?

  • A year ago U.S. President Donald Trump hauled the United States out of Iran’s 2015 atomic arrangement with six countries and re-forced authorizes on the nation, devastating its economy.
  • A few assaults as of late on global trader vessels, including Saudi tankers, in Gulf waters which the United States accused on Iran.
  • US blamed Iran for doing ramble assaults on oil fields in Saudi Arabia. The assaults had promptly diminished Saudi Arabia’s oil generation considerably (5% of worldwide oil creation),
  • Since assaults US sent some of its soldiers to the locale, and furnished Saudi Arabia with rocket safeguard frameworks.

Gulf of Oman:

  • The Gulf of Oman interfaces the Arabian Sea with the Strait of Hormuz (through which about a fifth of the world’s oil passes), which at that point hurries to the Persian Gulf.
  • It outskirts Iran and Pakistan, Oman, and the United Arab Emirates.
Daily Current Affairs IAS | UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam – 28th December 2019

SRC: CNN

Why Indian Ocean and Gulf of Oman?

  • The Indian Ocean and Gulf of Oman are key territories for global exchange and keeping up security in the conduits is a significant assignment

Significance:

  • The Gulf of Oman, where the activity is being held, is a basic conduit as it associates the Arabian Sea to the Strait of Hormuz, a 33-km wide entry which opens into the Persian Gulf — situated between vitality makers Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Qatar, Oman (the exclave of Musandam), and the United Arab Emirates (UAE).
  • A fifth of the world’s oil goes through this conduit — around 30% of all ocean borne raw petroleum all inclusive.
  • Since 2019, Gulf of Oman has been a point of convergence of worldwide pressures.

Conclusion:

  • The three-country drill is relied upon to additionally incite US
  • It might support security of universal oceanic business, battling theft and fear mongering and sharing data… and experience
  • The most critical test to the post-Cold War universal request is the developing intensity of eager states restricted toward the West. Iran, Russia, and China are exploiting the U.S. withdrawal from the world stage and keeping in mind that they look for circumstance, collaboration between them stays fragmentary.

Connecting the dots:

  • Do you think this Tri-horizontal exercise is going to Impact India?
  • What might be the subsequent stage of US?

POLITY

TOPIC: General Studies 2:

  • Significant parts of administration, straightforwardness and responsibility, e administration applications, models, victories, constraints, and potential; residents contracts, straightforwardness and responsibility and institutional and different measures.

National Population Register (NPR) : The Union Government to conduct Census 2021 and update the National Population Register

  • The Union Cabinet as of late endorsed a proposition to direct Census 2021 and update the National Population Register (NPR) in every one of the States/UTs aside from Assam.
  • To spend Rs 8,754 crore for the Census 2021 and Rs 3,941 crore for refreshing the NPR.
Daily Current Affairs IAS | UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam – 28th December 2019

SRC: ET

National Population Register (NPR):

  • The NPR is a register of normal inhabitants of the nation.
  • It is compulsory for each typical occupant of India to enlist in the NPR.
  • It incorporates both Indian residents just as a remote resident.

The objective of the NPR:

  • To make an exhaustive personality database of each typical inhabitant in the nation.
  • The principal National Population Register was set up in 2010 and refreshing this information was finished during 2015 by leading way to entryway review.
  • Likewise fundamental for giving great administration

Citizenship Act:

  • It is being set up at the neighborhood (Village/sub-Town), sub-District, District, State and National level under arrangements of the Citizenship Act 1955 and the Citizenship (Registration of Citizens and issue of National Identity Cards) Rules, 2003.
  • The declaration on the NPR came in the midst of proceeding with fights the ongoing Citizenship (Amendment) Act (CAA), 2019, in numerous pieces of the nation

Concerns:

  • NRC or NPR work out, in blend with the as of late established Citizenship (Amendment) Act, or CAA, could prompt disappointment and badgering of poor people and undocumented sections of the populace was not conceived out of anybody’s creative mind

Criticisms

  • The NRC, as it was turned out in Assam, puts the weight of verification on residents to build up that they are in reality residents. The undocumented and the poor will endure the worst part of this methodology.
  • The proposed organization for counting the NPR just intensifies this worry and adds a third hub to the progressing perplexity and disturbance.
  • With the section of the CAA, and the declaration of the NRIC, there is sufficient genuine reason for questioning the administration’s case that the NPR has nothing to do with the NRIC.

Way forward:

  • On the off chance that the legislature has a reexamine on its strident situation on the NRC, it must state so forthright, and at any rate stop from maligning pundits.

Conclusion:

  • The NPR isn’t about citizenship yet just about residency. Be that as it may, when extra inquiries, for example, “spot of birth of father and mother”, and so on are being proposed for the approaching activity, the worry this might be an introduction to the NRIC is legitimate.

Connecting the dots:

  • Do you think NPR makes Confusion among individuals?
  • Do you think NPR NRC and CAA are Inter related?

TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE)


Model questions: (You can now post your answers in comment section)

Q.1) Consider the following statements 

  1. Increase in the Rainfall contribute to the fall in MGNREGA employment
  2. PM-KISAN aims to extend direct income support for the veterans

Which of the above statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.2) Consider the following statements 

  1. Somali Dervish movement was an armed resistance to the British colonial powers
  2. Somalia is a part of Horn of Africa

Which of the above statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

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