UPSC Exam Current Affairs and News Analysis (09-09-2019)

Current Affairs 09-09-2019

Highlights |UPSC Exam Current Affairs 09-09-2019

UPSC exam current affairs 09-09-2019- The following article contains all the updated events and news for IAS Preparation. Our daily IAS Current Affairs and News cover the most important topics to give precise information to the reader and IAS Aspirants.

  • Mega Food Parks
  • India and South Korea
  • Miscellaneous 
  • Strengthening Local Democracy
  • India: Building resilience against climate change

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UPSC Exam Current Affairs 09-09-2019 are followed in the part below:

UPSC Exam Current Affairs and News Analysis (09-09-2019)

Mega Food Parks

Part of: GS Prelims and Mains GS-III –Food processing

In News:

  • The clergyman of Food Processing Industries initiated Telangana’s first nourishment park.
  • It has been set up at an expense of ₹109 crores in Lakkampally of Nizamabad District.
  • This brilliant agro Food park is assessed to give immediate and circuitous business chances to 50,000 youth and advantage one lakh ranchers in the locale.

Do you know?

  • The Mega Food Park Scheme depends on “Group” approach and conceives the formation of the condition of craftsmanship bolster framework in a well-characterized Agri/agricultural zone for setting up of present-day nourishment preparing units alongside entrenched inventory network.
  • Under the nourishment park plot, the Center gives budgetary help of up to ₹50 crores.
  • The principle target of the plan is to give a lift to the nourishment handling segment by including worth and decreasing nourishment wastage at each phase of the production network with a specific spotlight on perishables.

India and South Korea

Part of: GS Prelims and GS Mains II – International Affairs

In News

  • India and South Korea closed a military coordinations consent to stretch out strategic help to one another’s Navies, during the continuous visit of Defense Minister to Seoul.
  • India will have the option to get guaranteed calculated help when it works in the Indo-Pacific in the ports of South Korea.
  • The two nations additionally planned a forward-looking guide to take reciprocal safeguard industry collaboration to the following level. It incorporates proposed territories of participation inland, air and maritime frameworks, R&D collaboration and co-creation of protection hardware.
  • India focused on that South Korea’s ‘New Southern Policy’ and India’s ‘Demonstration East Policy’ will give a solid structure to future commitment and combination of Special Strategic Partnership between the two nations.

Miscellaneous 

‘Make in India’ metro coach

Part of: GS Prelims

In News:

  • PM Modi propelled Mumbai’s first ‘Make in India’ metro mentor, made by the state-run BEML.
  • BEML Limited (some time ago Bharat Earth Movers Limited) was set up in 1964, is a ‘Miniratna-Category-1’ Public Sector Undertaking of Government of India.
  • It makes an assortment of substantial hardware, for example, that utilized for earthmoving, transport and mining.
  • The Company works under three significant Business verticals viz., Mining and Construction, Defense and Rail and Metro.
  • It is headquartered in Bengaluru. BEML has fabricating plants in Kolar Gold Fields, Bengaluru, Palakkad and Mysore.
  • The indigenous mentor, the first of 500 to be conveyed to the Mumbai Metro Rail Corporation, was worked by BEML at its Bengaluru office in 75 days.

(MAINS FOCUS)


NATIONAL

TOPIC: General Studies 2:

  • Capacities and obligations of the Union and the States, issues and difficulties relating to the government structure, devolution of forces and funds up to nearby levels and difficulties in that.
  • Government arrangements and mediations for improvement in different areas and issues emerging out of their structure and execution.

Strengthening Local Democracy

Background:

Vote based decentralization is scarcely alive in India. More than 25 years after the 73rd and 74th sacred alterations (they commanded the foundation of panchayats and regions as chose neighbourhood governments) reverted a scope of forces and duties and made them responsible to the individuals for their execution, next to no and genuine advancement has been made toward this path.

Nearby governments remain hamstrung and incapable; insignificant specialists to do the offering of more significant level governments.

Devolution as per the Constitution:

  • It isn’t an insignificant assignment.
  • It infers that exactly characterized administration capacities are officially doled out by law to neighbourhood governments, supported by sufficient exchange of a container of money related awards and expense handles, and they are given staff with the goal that they have the vital fortitude to do their obligations.
  • However, none of this has occurred, by far.

Key issues:

  • The volume of cash set nearby governments for them is insufficient to meet their essential necessities.
  • A great part of the cash given is firm; even on account of unfastened awards commanded by the Union and State Finance Commissions, their utilization is obliged through the burden of a few conditions.

There is little interest in empowering and fortifying nearby governments to raise their own duties and client charges.

  • Nearby governments don’t have the staff to perform even fundamental assignments.
  • Besides, as most staff are contracted by more significant level divisions and set with nearby governments on the nomination, they don’t feel capable to the last-mentioned; they work as a component of a vertically incorporated departmental framework.
  • On the off chance that these basic issues were not terrible enough, infringing upon the sacred command of five-yearly decisions to neighbourhood governments, States have regularly delayed them.

Way forward:

  • Gram sabhas and wards boards in urban regions must be renewed. Meetings with the gram sabha ought to be sorted out through littler exchanges where everyone can truly take part. Indeed, even new frameworks of Short Message Services or internet based life gatherings could be utilized for encouraging exchanges between individuals from grama sabha.
  • Nearby government authoritative structures must be fortified. Panchayats are troubled with a gigantic measure of work that different divisions push on them, without being made up for the extra authoritative expenses.

Neighbourhood governments must be empowered to consider State offices responsible and to give quality, defilement free assistance to them, through help level understandings.

  • We cannot have accountable Gram Panchayats, without local taxation. 

Local governments are happy to implement top-down programmes because they know that if they collect taxes, their voters will never forgive them for misusing their funds. 

Conclusion:

India’s endeavours in decentralization speak to perhaps the biggest test in extending vote based system. We have given ourselves a sensibly hearty law based structure for nearby administration in the course of the most recent two decades and the sky is the limit from there. It is for us to offer life to this structure, through the act of a vigorous equitable culture.

Connecting the dots:

  • Vote based system has not been upgraded regardless of around 32 lakh people groups’ delegates being chosen for them at regular intervals. Nearby governments remain hamstrung and ineffectual. Remark.

NATIONAL/ENVIRONMENT

TOPIC:

General Studies 2:

  • Government strategies and mediations for advancement in different segments and issues emerging out of their plan and usage.

General Studies 3:

  • Preservation, Environmental contamination and debasement, ecological effect appraisal.

India: Building resilience against climate change

Background:

Against logical admonitions, carbon outflows keep on ascending in China, the U.S. furthermore, India, three of the greatest producers. Brazil is empowering — under the bogus appearance of advancing financial development — phenomenal deforestation of the Amazon rainforest.

In the midst of this perilous setting, worldwide administration must act with far more prominent earnestness, and nations, including India, should switch quickly from contaminating petroleum products to a cleaner sustainable power source while constructing a lot more grounded beachfront and inland safeguards against climatic harm.

In the Indian context:

India is one of the most vulnerable countries to climate change as per HSBC’s 2018 assessIndia is one of the most defenceless nation to environmental change according to HSBC’s 2018 assessment. As an Earth-wide temperature boost exacerbates, the hardest hit by the subsequent floods, storms, heatwaves and dry seasons will be in India. Measures identifying with the atmosphere chance consider the introduction or affectability of nations to atmosphere impacts on the one side, and their capacity to adapt on the other.ment.

  • The various Indian States have encountered outrageous heatwaves in the previous three years, and the country’s capital as of late recorded a temperature of 48°C, its most smoking day in 21 years.
  • India’s introduction to atmosphere dangers is increased by the area of its immense coastline in the eye of the tempest, over the Indian Ocean, the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea.
  • India’s introduction to atmosphere dangers is increased by the area of its immense coastline in the eye of the tempest, over the Indian Ocean, the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea.
  • Expanding temperatures and changing occasional precipitation designs are disturbing dry spells and harming horticulture the nation over. Outrageous tempests like the one that hit Odisha this year and the floods that cleared Chennai in 2015 are the new ordinary.

Way ahead: Building resilience

  • India isn’t doing what’s needed to help its seaside and inland resistances.
  • It likewise needs to accomplish more to construct strength in the divisions of horticulture, fisheries, fabricating, vitality, transport, wellbeing, and instruction.
  • The need for spending at the national and State levels for debacle the board needs to rise. Satisfactory assets should likewise be designated for actualizing atmosphere activity designs that most States have now arranged.

Conclusion:

As the nation that is most in danger for atmosphere harm, India should prompt squeezing the worldwide network to make clearing atmosphere move. In the mean time, the country must strengthen its framework and adjust its horticulture and industry. Similarly, India likewise needs to supplant earnestly its petroleum derivatives with sustainable power source.

Connecting the dots:

  • India is one of the most defenceless nations to environmental change according to HSBC’s 2018 appraisal. In this light talk about the desperation for India to construct versatility.

(TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE)


Model questions: (You can now post your answers in the comment section)

Q.1) Consider the following statements about Mega Food Park

  1. The Scheme is based on the “Cluster” approach and envisages the creation of state of art support infrastructure in a well-defined Agri / horticultural zone
  2. It is being implemented by the Union Ministry of Food Processing Industries
  3. It is a central sector scheme with 100% contribution from Centre

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Q.2) The 38th north parallel forms the border between which two countries?

  1. USA & Canada
  2. North Korea & South Korea
  3. France & Germany
  4. None of the above

Q.3) Which of the following Public Sector Undertakings are considered as Navaratna companies in India?

  1. National Thermal Power Corporation(NTPC)
  2. Oil India Ltd
  3. Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd
  4. BEML

Select the correct answer from the codes given below

  1. 1, 2 and 3 Only
  2. 1, 2 and 4 Only
  3. 2 and 3 Only
  4. 1, 2, 3 and 4


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