UPSC Exam Current Affairs and News Analysis (10-10-2019)

upsc exam current affairs 10-10-2019

Highlights |UPSC Exam Current Affairs 10-10-2019

Current Affairs and News (10-10-2019)- The following article contains all the updated events and news for IAS Preparation. Our daily IAS Current Affairs and News cover the most important topics to give precise information to the reader and IAS Aspirants.

  • Slowdown effects more pronounced in India: IMF
  • Data localization
  • GEMINI system to warn fishermen of danger
  • India slips 10 places in global competitiveness index
  • Saturn has the most numbers moons in our Solar System
  •  Aarey milk colony controversy 
  • India-China informal summit 2.0

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UPSC Exam Current Affairs 10-10-2019 are followed in the part below:

UPSC Exam Current Affairs and News Analysis (10-10-2019)

Slowdown effects more pronounced in India: IMF

Part of: GS Prelims and GS Mains III – Economy

In News

  • The new IMF boss Kristalina Georgieva cautioned that the worldwide economy is seeing “synchronized lull” which will result in more slow development for 90% of the world this year.
  • Boundless deceleration implied that development this year would tumble to its most minimal rate since the start of the decade.
  • In spite of this general deceleration, near 40 developing business sector and creating economies are conjecture to have genuine GDP development rates above 5% — remembering 19 for sub-Saharan Africa. Likewise, in the U.S. furthermore, Germany, joblessness is at noteworthy lows.

Do You Know?

  • World Economic Outlook by IMF to be discharged by mid-October would show descending corrections for 2019 and 2020.
  • The RBI has as of late brought down India’s GDP development gauge for the year to 6.1% from the previous 6.9% because of the progressing time of financial log jam.

Data localization

Part of: GS Prelims and Mains GS-II – International Relations

In News

  • India’s information localization plans will hold tight adjust in the event that it consents to online business arrangements of Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership(RCEP)
  • This would mean India won’t be permitted to force information localization leads on organizations hoping to work together in India.
  • In its April 2018 notice, the RBI had said that “all framework suppliers will guarantee that the whole information identifying with installment frameworks worked by them are put away in a framework just in India.”
  • This information is to incorporate the full start to finish exchange subtleties, data gathered, conveyed, or handled as a component of the message or installment guidance.
  • India is haggling in the RCEP talks, being held in Bangkok, to change the significant arrangement in order to empower space for national guidelines and guidelines over information.

GEMINI system to warn fishermen of danger

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-III- Disaster Management

In News

  • To keep away from correspondence power outages during debacles like violent winds, a slew of government divisions, examine offices and privately owned businesses have created GEMINI, a compact collector connected to ISRO satellites, that is “come up short verification” and caution anglers of peril.
  • GEMINI chips away at GAGAN and is an India-made worldwide situating framework. It depends on the situating arrangement of ISRO’s GSAT satellites.
  • The Indian National Center for Ocean Information Services (INCOIS), a Hyderabad foundation worked together with Accord, a privately owned business, to build up a container molded recipient that has a receiving wire and in-manufactured battery that can last three to four days.
  • At the point when GEMINI is associated with an application, it additionally lets anglers know the likelihood of fish get in the encompassing oceans.
  • At ₹9,000 a gadget, it’s generally costly however endeavors are on to finance it by as much as 90%.


  • GPS Aided GEO Augmented Navigation (GAGAN), created by ISRO and Airports Authority of India(AAI) is a provincial Satellite Based Augmentation System (SBAS).
  • The’s GAGAN will probably give a route framework to help flying machines in exact arriving over the Indian airspace and in the bordering region and pertinent to wellbeing to-life common activities.
  • GAGAN is between operable with other global SBAS frameworks.
  • GAGAN makes carrier tasks increasingly productive and viable, increment air security, and eco-friendliness.
  • GAGAN covers the territory from Africa to Australia and has development capacity for consistent route benefits over the district.


Part of: GS Prelims and GS-III- Science & Technology

In News

  • Three researchers were granted the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for their commitments to the improvement of lithium-particle batteries
  • These batteries have reshaped vitality stockpiling and changed vehicles, cell phones, and numerous different gadgets in an inexorably versatile and electronic world.
  • At 97, Mr. Goodenough is the most established Nobel victor. .
  • The prize went to John B Goodenough of the University of Texas; M Stanley Whittingham of the State University of New York at Binghamton; and Akira Yoshino of Meijo University in Japan.
  • The Nobel board of trustees said the lithium-particle battery has its foundations in the oil emergency during the 1970s when Whittingham was attempting to create techniques planned for prompting petroleum derivative-free vitality advances.

Do You Know 

  • Prize organizer Alfred Nobel, a Swedish industrialist who concocted explosive, chose the material science, science, drug and writing prizes ought to be granted in Stockholm, and the harmony prize in Oslo.
  • The prizes accompany a 9-million kronor ($918,000) money grant, a gold award and a recognition that is presented on December 10 — the commemoration of Nobel’s passing in 1896 — in Stockholm and in Oslo, Norway.

India slips 10 places in global competitiveness index

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-III- Economy

In News

  • India has descended 10 spots to rank 68th on a yearly worldwide aggressiveness record, to a great extent because of upgrades saw by a few different economies
  • Worldwide Competitiveness Index gathered by the Geneva-based World Economic Forum (WEF),
  • While Singapore has supplanted the U.S. as the world’s most aggressive economy.
  • A portion of the discoveries of the WEF study are:
    • As far as market size, India is positioned third, while it has a similar position for sustainable power source guidelines.
    • India is positioned likewise high at the fifteenth spot regarding corporate administration, while it is positioned second universally for investor administration.
    • The solid future, where India has been positioned 109th out of complete the 141 nations studied for the file, is one of the most brief outside Africa and fundamentally beneath the South Asian normal.
    • India is likewise positioned low at 118th as far as meritocracy and boost and at 107th spot for abilities.  
    • With a proportion of female specialists to male laborers of 0.26, India has been positioned low at 128th spot.
  • In generally positioning, India is trailed by a portion of its neighbors including Sri Lanka at 84th spot, Bangladesh at 105th, Nepal at 108th and Pakistan at 110th spot

Saturn has the most numbers moons in our Solar System

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-I- Geography

In News

  • International Astronomical Union’s Minor Planet Center affirmed 20 new moons circling Saturn, making it the planet with the most moons in our Solar System, at 82.
  • Until their affirmation, the planet with the most moons was Jupiter, at 79
  • Our Solar System’s planets together have 205 affirmed moons now. Saturn and Jupiter, with 161 between them, represent about 80% of these.
  • Another 20% are orbiting Uranus (27) and Neptune (14). Of the remaining three moons, one is Earth’s own while the other two are with Mars. 
  • Mercury is so near the Sun and its gravity that it wouldn’t have the option to clutch its own moon. Any moon would in all likelihood collide with Mercury or perhaps go into space around the Sun and in the end, get maneuvered into it.
  • It isn’t yet clear, be that as it may, why Venus doesn’t have a moon.



TOPIC: General Studies 3:

  • Protection, ecological contamination, and debasement, natural effect appraisal

 Aarey milk colony controversy 

  • A metro vehicle terminal proposed at Aarey milk province in Mumbai is a significant appointive issue in the forthcoming state races.
  • The venture will clear out 2,646 trees, which preservationists state will wreck Mumbai’s “green lungs” and floodplains of Mithi waterway. They have suggested elective locales be utilized for the metro venture.
  • The Supreme Court on October 7, requested a stop on any further cutting of trees until the following hearing.
  • Aarey not an advised backwoods, a case that a few naturalists are questioning, the state government prepares with the undertaking and notes that the metro will facilitate the clogged rural railroads.

Aarey Milk Colony

  • The Aarey Milk Colony is an area arranged in Goregaon, a suburb of the city of Mumbai, India.
  • It was set up in 1949 to reform the preparing and promoting dairy items in the city.
  • Initiated by the then Prime Minister, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru
  • Aarey’s trees, prairie, shrubberies, and bogs are likewise home to panthers, transient winged creatures, snakes, scorpions, creepy crawlies, butterflies and more species.
  • The territory has in excess of 290 wild types of greenery, for example, panther and corroded spotted felines (delegated defenseless).


  • Moving of dairy cattle/wild ox from as far as possible,
  • Supply of better quality milk to the residents of Mumbai at nearly less expensive expense, and
  • Support of these creatures on logical and present-day creature cultivation rehearses.



  • The vehicle shed will steadily open up the whole Aarey for development which will be a calamity for Mumbai. An enormous piece of the Aarey Milk province has just been infringed upon.
  • Rich biodiversity like Aarey takes many years to develop and can’t be re-planted medium-term. Metro shed can’t be worked at the expense of Mumbai’s biggest common air purifier
  • Floodplain of the Mithi stream will be affected by the development at Aarey
  • Aarey is home to more than 3,500 groups of Warli Adivasis and other inborn gatherings spread more than 27 villages. A large number of them face uprooting now.


  • The state evaluates that over 7.5 million individuals travel in Mumbai’s rural trains day by day and the forthcoming metro will fill in the same number of travelers as rural rails by 2034 dialing the weight down from the world’s most clogged railroads


  • The administration guarantees that Aarey is definitely not a told timberland and henceforth the land can be utilized by the legislature for the metro venture however the activists guarantee generally.
  • The activists state they are not against the metro stop however the MMRCL’s division of land for the equivalent. “There are a lot of non-private and modern areas where vehicle shed can be built,”
  • Aarey Colony which was arranged as “unclassed woodland in the SGNP”(Sanjay Gandhi national park) was remembered for the SGNP in 1969, according to an administration archive acquired through the Right to Information (RTI) Act. An unclassed timberland is recorded in land records as backwoods, however not held or ensured by the legislature.
  • In 1969, the income and backwoods division (which still assigns land in this equivalent territory) moved 2,076 ha of land to the Borivali National Park.



  • Levelheaded money-saving advantage appraisal of any enormous venture calls for straightforwardness and commitment between policymakers, common society, researchers and business in the advancement arranging process.
  • What must be considered are the biological system administrations Aarey gives to Mumbai and how these are affected by the preoccupation of 33 hectares, generally 2% of the all-out region.
  •  The advantages of enlarging Mumbai’s open vehicle framework contrasted with the cost of occupying a segment of the green belt, and different choices of finding the foundation, must be considered.

Connecting the dots:

  • The Aarey backwoods imbroglio is an unmistakable case of the inability to welcome the need to adjust the requests of monetary improvement and natural assurance. Investigate.


TOPIC: General Studies 2:

  • India and its neighborhood-relations.
  • Reciprocal, local and worldwide groupings and understandings including India as well as influencing India’s inclinations

India-China informal summit 2.0


  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Chinese President Xi Jinping meeting at India-China casual summit
  • The second casual summit between pioneers of India and China is booked to happen in the waterfront town of Mamallapuram, south of Chennai. (first was Wuhan)

Why Mamallapuram?

  • Mamallapuram, or Mahabalipuram in Chennai, Tamil Nadu.
  • An antiquated noteworthy town and one of two significant port urban areas by the seventh century inside the Pallava realm (Pallavas likewise had exchange relations with the Chinese.)
  • Presently UNESCO world legacy site and one of the most visited towns in South India
  • Prestigious for its engineering, broadly appreciated over the world.
  • Wuhan was picked by President Xi Jinping as the setting a year ago to show China’s financial versatility and might.
  • Mamallapuram is representative of India’s ‘delicate force‘.

Did you know:

  • Mamallapuram and the Pallava tradition are likewise generally pertinent, for the soonest recorded security agreement among China and India (in the mid-eighth century) included a Pallava ruler (Rajasthan, or Narasimha Varma II), from whom the Chinese looked for help to counter Tibet, which had by then developed as a solid force representing a danger to China.

Wuhan and after

  • Three authentic powers have been molding India-China relations.
  • A portion of these powers have been pushing the two nations towards 3 Cs rivalry participation and coordinated effort


  • changing world request and the ascent of Asia, (after the 2008 worldwide monetary emergency)
  • Thought that with the West’s declining limit and tendency to mindfully oversee universal and Asian issues
  • Changing South Asia with China’s 2013 and 2014 approach presentations of extending ties with its fringe incorporating with subcontinental states, pursued not long after with the aspiring Belt and Road activity and the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor in April 2015.

These three factors led to :

  • Adversarial approaches and methodologies.
  • A lot of this caustic develop can be followed to China’s choice to extend linkages with its southwestern outskirts and India’s recognition and response to that procedure.

Ex:  The Doklam episode

Solution Wuhan 1.0:

  • Reducing of local strain
  • Hence, the April 2018 “casual summit” in Wuhan, where the two sides chose to capture the disintegration in the relationship and endeavor to outline a crisp course.
  • Wuhan 1.0 was an endeavor to explain a few standards that could fill in as a recharged set of rules to policymakers and administrations in the two nations.

It was built on five pillars

  • “synchronous development of India and China”.
  • The relationship has recaptured significance and become “a positive factor for security”
  • The two sides perceive the “significance of regarding each other’s sensitivities, concerns and goals”.
  • The two initiatives would give “vital direction to their separate militaries” to deal with the outskirt calmly.
  • The two sides would make progress toward “more noteworthy counsel on all issues of regular intrigue”, which incorporates building a genuine “formative association”.

Way forward:

  • A comprehensive security design in Asia that encourages peaceful progress to multipolarity without upsetting financial relationship;
  • A reasonable and rules-based open universal request to more readily reflect Indian and creating economy interests;
  • Geopolitical harmony and feasible monetary improvement in the area


  • China is imperative to the effective quest for every one of these objectives, and the chief errand before Indian policymakers is to conceive and execute a strategy system that takes into account progress on the three finishes referenced previously

Connecting the dots:

  • India needs to discover and characterize for itself an association with China which enables us to keep up our international strategy destinations and simultaneously permits us an arrangement that is reasonable enough that doesn’t lead us to struggle on each event. Legitimize


Model questions: (You can now post your answers in the comment section)


  • Featured Comments and comments Up-voted by whataftercollege are the “correct answers”.

Q.1) Consider the following statements Global Competitiveness Index (2019)

  1. It is released by World Bank
  2. India has moved down 10 places on the index when compared to 2018
  3. India is ranked high at 15th place in terms of corporate governance, while it is ranked second globally for shareholder governance.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 1,2 and 3

Q.2) Which of the following organizations/body releases the World Economic Outlook report?

  1. United Nations
  2. World Trade Organisation
  3. World Bank
  4. International Monetary Fund

Q.3) Consider the following statements

  1. Saturn and Jupiter account for nearly 80% of the total 205 moons in our Solar system
  2. Mercury and Venus are the only planets in our solar system which does not have moons 

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.4) Consider the following statements

  1. 2019 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to three scientists for their contributions to the development of lithium-ion batteries
  2. Lithium-ion battery has its roots in the Rio Earth Summit of 1992, where scientists were encouraged at developing fossil-fuel-free energy technologies.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

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