UPSC Exam Current Affairs and News Analysis (28-08-2019)

Highlights |UPSC Exam Current Affairs 28-08-2019

UPSC exam current affairs 28-08-2019- The following article contains all the updated events and news for IAS Preparation. Our daily IAS Current Affairs and News cover the most important topics to give precise information to the reader and IAS Aspirants.

  • Child well-being index
  • Bonn Challenge
  • Fedor 
  • Xenotransplantation
  • NAGALAND 

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UPSC Exam Current Affairs 28-08-2019 are followed in the part below:

UPSC Exam Current Affairs and News Analysis (28-08-2019)

Child well-being index

Part of: GS Prelims and GS Mains I –Society 

In News

  • The list is set up by NGO World Vision India and research organization IFMR LEAD to quantify and tracks youngsters’ prosperity completely.
  • The file contains 24 pointers dependent on three key elements of solid individual advancement, positive connections and defensive settings.
  • Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Himachal Pradesh and Puducherry beat the list rankings through Meghalaya, Jharkhand and Madhya Pradesh were at the base of rankings.
  • The report encourages states to organize the regions of mediations as for improving the status of youngsters.
  • A portion of the key pointers that should be contemplated later on incorporate versatile utilization, computerized get to, monetary proficiency, emotional well-being and nature of connections as such, between guardians/companions and kids

Bonn Challenge

Part of: GS Prelims and Mains GS-III – Environment Conservation

In News

  • India just because will have the fourteenth session of the Conference of Parties (COP-14) of the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) from second – thirteenth September 2019.
  • Bonn Challenge is a worldwide exertion to bring 150 million hectares of the world’s deforested and debased land into rebuilding by 2020, and 350 million hectares by 2030.
  • At the UNFCC COP 2015 in Paris, India likewise joined the deliberate Bonn Challenge vow to bring into reclamation 13 million hectares of corrupted and deforested land continuously 2020, an extra 8 million hectares by 2030.
  • In India, about 29% or about 96.4 million hectares are viewed as debased (soil getting unfit for development).
  • Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana, Soil Health Card Scheme, Soil Health Management Scheme and Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana are a portion of the plans to handle land corruption.

Do You know?

  • Joined Nations has 3 Rio Conventions specifically, United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD).
  • Set up in 1994 UNCCD is the main lawfully restricting universal understanding connecting condition and advancement issues to the land plan.
  • In 1994, the United Nations General Assembly announced 17 June the “World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought” to advance open mindfulness and the execution of the UNCCD.

Fedor 

Part of: GS Prelims and GS Mains III – Science & Technology

In News

  • Fedor short for Final Experimental Demonstration Object Research is a Russian humanoid robot which has as of late arrived at International Space Station(ISS).
  • Fedor weighing 160 kg and standing 180 cm tall, was sent in an unmanned Soyuz container from the platform at Russia’s space office in Baikonur, Kazakhstan.
  • It will duplicate human developments and will help with high-hazard assignments at the ISS uniquely to chip away at the outside of the ISS. While Fedor is Russia’s first robot in space, in 2011, NASA sent up Robonaut 2 and in 2013 Japan sent up a little robot called Kirobo into Space.

Do You Know?

  • The International Space Station is a tenable fake satellite in low Earth circle.
  • The ISS program is a joint venture between five taking part space offices:
    • NASA – USA 
    • Roscosmos – Russia 
    • JAXA – Japan 
    • ESA – Europe
    • CSA – Canada
  • The proprietorship and utilization of the space station are set up by intergovernmental bargains and understandings.
  • The ISS fills in as a microgravity and space condition look into a research facility in which team individuals direct examinations in science, human science, material science, cosmology, meteorology, and different fields

Xenotransplantation

Part of: GS Prelims and GS Mains III – Science & Technology

In News

  • Xenotransplantation is the transplanting of organs starting with one animal varieties then onto the next.
  • Spearheading transplant specialist Sir Terence English, who had played out the primary heart transplant in the United Kingdom in 1979, announced that his group would transplant a pig’s kidney into a human’s body by end of 2019.
  • The main endeavours at creature to-human transplants were made in 1838 when the cornea of a pig was transplanted into a human.
  • Over the previous century, there have been fruitless endeavours to move organs from pigs, goats, sheep, monkeys, chimpanzees, mandrills and pigs into people.
  • With an absence of human dead bodies as givers, scientists are taking a gander at creature organs as a suitable other option.
  • A pig’s hereditary make-up and interior organs are like a human’s. Its weight, lipids, blood vessel pressure, pulse, renal capacity, electrolyte parity, and stomach related framework coordinate those in the human body.
  • The drawback with xenotransplantation: the dread of transmission of infections from creatures to people and high dismissal rate (human body’s resistant framework begins neutralizing any outside organ)

Do You Know?

  • India’s national library shows 1,945 liver and 7,936 kidney transplants were directed in 2018.
  • Be that as it may, India needs 1.8-2 lakh kidney transplants each year, according to the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare information.
  • In 1997, Dr Dhani Ram Baruah endeavoured pig-to-human heart transplant on a patient in Guwahati who kicked the bucket seven days after the fact because of contamination. He was held blameworthy of an exploitative method, guilty manslaughter, infringement of the Transplantation of Human Organs Act, 1994 and sent to prison.

(MAINS FOCUS)


NAGALAND 

TOPIC: General Studies 2

  • Government approaches and intercessions for improvement in different parts and issues emerging out of their structure and execution.
  • Welfare plans for powerless segments of the populace by the Center and States and the exhibition of these plans; systems, laws, foundations and Bodies established for the assurance and improvement of these defenceless areas

Chasing peace in Nagaland

Context:

  • Over three years back, the administration drove by Prime Minister Narendra Modi had reported with a lot of display the marking of a memorable structure consent to end the Naga revolt, which is frequently named as the mother of all uprisings in India.

Concern:

  • Enduring harmony in the Northeast is beyond the realm of imagination without settling the Naga uprising

Framework Agreement:

  • The structure understanding was marked between the Central government and the Naga Groups drove by the National Socialist Council of Nagaland-Isak-Muivah (NSCN-IM).
  • The focal government acknowledged the uniqueness of Naga history and culture and supremacy of the Indian Constitution was acknowledged by the NSCN-IM.
  • Prior the goal of Naga bunch was to build up an autonomous sovereign state for the Naga people group yet now the interest has been constrained to the formation of a Greater Nagalim with the incorporation of the Naga-possessed regions of Assam, Manipur and Arunachal Pradesh.

Key notes:

  • Shillong Accord, 1975: The Naga National Council (NNC) drove by Angami Zapu Phizo acknowledged the Indian Constitution. NNC was framed in 1946 to hold the Naga people group and their advantage together.
  • NSCN, 1980: to contradict the choice of NNC to acknowledge Indian Constitution, Maoist guerilla pioneers Isak Chisi Swu, Thuingaleng Muivah, and SS Khaplang made NSCN in 1980. Later after the contrasts between the pioneers, in 1988, the gathering split into the NSCN-IM and the NSCN-K. After the passing of Phizo in 1991, the NSCN-IM came to be perceived as the voice of Naga declaration.
  • The truce understanding, 1997: Govt. of India and NSCN-IM consented to a truce arrangement which began the harmony chats with settling the contention however the interest of the gathering demanded a different banner just as the incorporation of all Naga-possessed zones in a single organization turned into a detour in the harmony talks.
  • Later in 2015, the system understanding was agreed upon.

Significance of the agreement:

  • First-time NSCN-IM clears out its interest for accomplishing sway for Nagas from India.
  • The understanding has begun the harmony talks between the administration and the gatherings. The understanding movements the idea of the gathering who incline toward viciousness as a technique to accomplish their points as now the gatherings are normally held counsels with the administration.
  • The understanding will reinforce the security of India as the understanding will give the most extreme way to the Nagas to develop.
  • The understanding would create more trusts among Nagas.

Criticisms of the agreement:

  • In spite of the fact that the understanding was marked three years prior, there is no advancement from that point forward.
  • The understanding is an undercover understanding as the arrangements of the understandings have not been unveiled by the administration which makes the renegade gatherings increasingly dynamic.
  • The understanding has neglected to address the criminal operations of NSCN-IM.
  • The interest for self-governance to Nagas in different states, for example, Assam, Manipur, and Arunachal Pradesh will be a risk to honesty.
  • A unique plan for Nagas according to Article 371 and comparable concessions are normal by Manipur additionally as the Naga rebellion is connected with Manipur insurrection where the Nagas are increasingly dynamic.
  • The understanding doesn’t address other significant issues like the interest of Separate ‘banner’, non-codification of Naga standard law.
  • Politically unviable to acknowledge this interest despite the fact that the Center has consented to ensure the security of the Naga personality.
  • The non-Nagas and other ethnic gatherings might be enticed to request a comparable game plan

Conclusion:

Enduring harmony in the Northeast is beyond the realm of imagination without settling the Naga uprising, which had additionally loaned some type of help to other estranged components in the area occasionally. Be that as it may, given the complexities in question, there is no simple arrangement. At the end of the day, any profession about the Naga accord should be taken with a spot of salt.


(TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE)


Model questions: (You can now post your answers in the comment section)

Q.1) Which of the following best reflects the meaning of Xenotransplantation?

  1. Transferring mitochondrial DNA from a donor into recipient embryo
  2. Process of plant reproduction whereby the new plant grows from a fragment of the parent plant
  3. Transplanting of organs from one species to another
  4. None of the above

Q.2) Consider the following statements 

  1. Fedor is Russia’s first robot in space which has recently reached International Space Station(ISS)
  2. ISS is a joint project between NASA, JAXA, Roscosmos, ISRO and European Space Agency

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.3) Consider the following statements about Bonn Challenge

  1. It aims to aim to conserve terrestrial, aquatic and avian migratory species throughout their range.
  2. India has also joined the voluntary Bonn Challenge pledge.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.4) Consider the following statements about Child well-being index

  1. It is released by NITI Aayog to track the state’s progress in enhancing children’s well-being in a comprehensive manner
  2. Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Himachal Pradesh and Puducherry topped this year’s index ranking

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2


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