UPSC Exam Current Affairs and News Analysis (30-08-2019)

Current Affairs 30-08-2019

Highlights |UPSC Exam Current Affairs 30-08-2019

UPSC exam current affairs 30-08-2019- The following article contains all the updated events and news for IAS Preparation. Our daily IAS Current Affairs and News cover the most important topics to give precise information to the reader and IAS Aspirants.

  • Coalition for Disaster Resilient Infrastructure (CDRI)
  • Compensatory Afforestation Fund (CAF)
  • Foreign Direct Investment(FDI)
  • Lucy
  • ECONOMY
  • NATIONAL/WELFARE

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UPSC Exam Current Affairs 30-08-2019 are followed in the part below:

UPSC Exam Current Affairs and News Analysis (30-08-2019)

Coalition for Disaster Resilient Infrastructure (CDRI)

Part of: GS Prelims and GS Mains III – Environmental Conservation

In News

  • PM Modi will dispatch an International CDRI during the UN Climate Action Summit in New York on September 23.
  • The Coalition’s secretariat will be set up in New Delhi.
  • The CDRI will make an instrument to help nations for redesigning their abilities and practices as to framework advancement as per their hazard setting and monetary needs.
  • It will unite specialized ability from a huge number of partners.
  • The sanction of the CDRI will be settled by the National Disaster Management Authority (in counsel with the Ministry of External Affairs) in the wake of taking contributions from potential part nations.
  • India will offer help of Rs 480 crore (approx. $ 70 million) to the CDRI in order to help look into ventures, setting up the secretariat and covering repeating consumption over a time of five years from 2019 to 2024.
  • Potential: An unmistakable speciality for a Global CDRI would at the same time address the misfortune decrease focuses under the Sendai Framework, address various SDGs and furthermore add to environmental change adjustment.

Compensatory Afforestation Fund (CAF)

Part of: GS Prelims and Mains GS-II – Issues relating to Federalism

In News

  • The Union Environment Ministry on Thursday moved ₹47,436 crores to 27 States for afforestation as a piece of CAF.
  • Tolls are forced on firms (under the Forest Conservation Act 1980) that look to occupy woods land for formative exercises, which are accumulated in the CAF.
  • The sum to be paid by industry relies upon the financial estimation of the merchandise and enterprises that the annihilated woodland would have given.
  • These assets should be dispensed to states to plant trees somewhere else to make up for the loss of woodland because of advancement ventures.
  • Just a small amount of this corpus had really been dispensed to states, because of the absence of a lawful structure (until CAF Act, 2016) and examples of States utilizing it for non-ranger service purposes.
  • The CAF Act 2016, built up an autonomous position — the Compensatory Afforestation Fund Management and Planning Authority — to execute the reserve.
  • The principles overseeing the administration of the reserve were settled in August 2018.
  • The arrival of the reserve to States will help the endeavours of the Government towards reclamation and improvement of woods riches, upgrade bio-wealth, water accessibility and secure natural security of the nation.
  • The assets will likewise help in making the extra carbon sink to meet the country’s INDC of 2.5 to 3 billion tons of carbon dioxide identical through extra timberland and tree spread constantly 2030.

Do You know?

  • The pace of preoccupation of timberland land for non-ranger service exercises is around 20,000-25,000 hectare for every year in India (according to Minister of Environment in 2016).
  • 90% of CAF assets will stream to States and UT afforestation support which can be utilized for catchment territory treatment, untamed life the board, backwoods fire-counteractive action, soil and dampness protection work in the woodland.
  • Be that as it may, it can’t be utilized for the instalment of pay, voyaging remittances, making structures and purchasing office gear for woods officials.
  • 10% of CAF assets will be used by Center for a checking system and R&D exercises

Foreign Direct Investment(FDI)

Part of: GS Prelims and GS Mains III – Economy

In News

  • With an end goal to get financial development, the government has changed FDI controls in different divisions.
  • Advanced media: Government affirmed FDI up to 26% under the “administration course” for computerized media organizations that transfer or stream news and current undertakings.
  • Computerized news media was unregulated and flourishing with 100% FDI was permitted in such new companies.
  • Coal mining: Government allowed 100% FDI under programmed course available to be purchased of coal, for coal mining exercises including related preparing foundation.
  • This will result in FDI inflow alongside refreshed innovation, and increment India’s coal creation accordingly diminishing coal imports. It will likewise improve Coal India Limited’s (CIL) intensity and proficiency.
  • Agreement Manufacturing: Government has chosen to permit 100% FDI under programmed course in contract producing in India.
  • Single Brand Retail Trading (SBRT): All acquirements produced using India by the SBRT element for the single brand will be tallied towards nearby sourcing, regardless of whether the merchandise secured are sold in India or sent out.

Do You know?

  • Print media and news communicate TV organizations in India have had FDI tops of 26% and 49% individually.
  • In India, it takes, in any event, six years from getting a mine portion to really beginning mining tasks.
  • In 2018-19 India spent about $8 billion on bringing in 125 million tons of coal for non-beach front warm plants.
  • State-possessed Coal India and Singareni Collieries Company together represented 91.6% of the all out coal created in the nation during FY2017-18.
  • Absolute FDI streams into India in 2018-19, for example, the US $ 64.37 billion (temporary figure) is the most elevated ever FDI got for any money related year.

Lucy

Part of: GS Prelims

In News

  • A 3.8-million-year-old skull named MRD was found at a palaeontological site in Ethiopia in 2016.
  • Research on MRD could now explain the inceptions of Lucy, the outstanding progenitor of present-day people which is assessed to be 3.2 million years of age.
  • The discovering helps connect a major hole between the most punctual known human predecessors (around 6 million years of age) and species like Lucy.
  • The dating recommends that MRD’s species could have existed together with Lucy’s for somewhere in the range of 100,000 years.
  • It is conceivable that a little gathering of MRD’s species turned out to be hereditarily disengaged from the remainder of the populace and developed into Lucy’s species, whose populace in the long run out-reproduced MRD’s species

Do You know?

  • The period of MRD was dictated by dating minerals in layers of volcanic shakes close to the site.
  • Scientists likewise consolidated field perceptions with the investigation of tiny organic stays to recreate the scene, vegetation, and hydrology in the region where MRD kicked the bucket,
  • Researchers have recreated MRD’s facial highlights and depicted him as “a blend of crude and inferred facial and cranial highlights”

(MAINS FOCUS)


ECONOMY

TOPIC:

General Studies 3

  • Indian Economy and issues identifying with arranging, activation of assets, development, advancement and work.
  • Impacts of advancement on the economy, changes in mechanical approach and their consequences for modern development.

General Studies 2

  • Government strategies and mediations for improvement in different parts and issues emerging out of their structure and execution.

New FDI Norms

 Context:

  • The Center’s declaration on Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) standards on Wednesday has all the earmarks of being one more push to make India an increasingly appealing goal to abroad financial specialists, particularly those excited about entering the market for the long stretch.

Concerns:

  • The administration, obviously worried by the financial stoppage and constantly frail venture action, has tried to give an approach fillip to draw in progressively remote capital into segments that it sees as having a multiplier impact especially as far as employment creation

New Rules:

  • It has accommodated an unwinding of the quarrelsome sourcing standards which have been a significant hindrance for outside interest in single-brand retail.
  • Firms can alter their whole obtainment from India, be it for their household tasks or for worldwide markets, against their neighbourhood sourcing necessities.
  • Nearby sourcing standards need not be met every year except as a normal of the initial five years.
  • Sourcing, even through gathering organizations or by implication through outsiders, for example, contract makers, will currently be checked towards their local sourcing commitments.
  • Single brand retailers have additionally been permitted the alternative of setting up their online retail stages before setting up a physical nearness.
  • The administration has permitted 100 percent FDI in contract producing and in coal mining and related exercises, for example, washery, dealing with and detachment.

How are the new rules significant?

  • Facilitating of confinements on the outside venture, which sends a positive sign to the global network.
  • Up until now, India has not had the option to exploit this continuous movement of generation offices out of China. However, these adjustments in the principles ought to bit by bit encourage outside firms setting up assembling bases in India, giving a lift to both business and fares.
  • Permitting 100 percent FDI in contract fabricating through the programmed course will likewise pull in worldwide players hoping to set up exchange producing centres — enhancing endlessly from China.
  • Adding fares to the neighbourhood sourcing standards is likewise prone to support the structure of bigger creation offices, giving a genuinely necessary fillip to the nation’s quelled fares.
  • These activities are an endeavour to make an assembling biological system, building up esteem chains with both upstream and downstream linkage
  • Areas, for example, gadgets, mobiles, attire and pharma are probably going to profit the most from these measures. What’s more, with India’s hardware imports surpassing $50 billion out of 2018-19 — it was the greatest driver of the exchange shortage after oil — over the long haul, these measures could likewise help contain India’s ebb and flow account shortfall.

Concerns of New Rules:

  • For example, the changes to speculation standards on coal show up from the outset flush to be a success win for both the economy everywhere and the coal business, the ecological expenses of concentrating on one of the most contaminating petroleum derivatives in any case.
  • This is predicated on the possibility of seeing a convergence of both capital and current innovation into mining and handling, just as rising the local inventory of the key crude material for power, steel and concrete creation in this manner cutting exorbitant and thriving imports.
  • However, for outside mining organizations to make a straight shot to pitheads, a few related administrative and advertising difficulties should be tended to on the double

Conclusion:

  • Every one of these activities should be joined by changes, particularly factor advertise changes, that address the auxiliary issues tormenting the economy.
  • The proceeding with overvaluation of the rupee likewise should be taken care of. In the coming weeks, the administration is probably going to declare more measures to handle the stoppage. These ought to be at the highest point of its plan.

Connecting the dots:

  1. How does the outside interest in India influence India’s financial development? Basically assess in reference to major FDI strategy choices taken as of late.

NATIONAL/WELFARE

TOPIC: General studies 2:

  • Government approaches and intercessions for advancement in different areas and issues emerging out of their structure and usage.
  • Welfare plans for defenseless segments of the populace by the Center and States and the exhibition of these plans; components, laws, establishments and Bodies comprised for the assurance and advancement of these powerless segments

Marine Fisheries Regulation and Management (MFRM) Bill 2019

In news:

  • A Marine Fisheries Regulation and Management (MFRM) Bill 2019 is in the open area for talk.
  • India has commitments to outline laws under the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) 1982 and the World Trade Organization (WTO) understandings.

UNCLOS:

Under UNCLOS, which India approved in 1995, the ocean and assets in the water and the seabed are grouped into three zones — the interior waters (IW), the regional ocean (TS) and the selective financial zone (EEZ).

  •  The IW is on the landward side of the standard — it incorporates bays and little bayous. Waterfront states treat IW like land.
  • The TS stretches out outwards to 12 nautical miles from the standard — seaside countries appreciate sway over airspace, ocean, seabed and subsoil and all living and non-living assets in that.
  • The EEZ stretches out outwards to 200 nautical miles from the standard. Seaside countries have sovereign rights for investigation, misusing, moderating and dealing with all the regular assets in that.

Importance of having the regulation:

  • Since fisheries is a state subject, angling in the IW and TS come surprisingly close to the states concerned. Different exercises in the TS and exercises, including angling past the TS up to the furthest reaches of the EEZ, are in the Union rundown.
  • No Central government, up until this point, has confined laws covering the whole EEZ.
  • This would be the first to control fisheries in a far-reaching way.
  • The yearly fishery capability of the nation’s EEZ is around 5 million tons. Using it sensibly is a significant need of the legislature. It has been underscored by the development of another fisheries service.
  • The Bill is likewise a reaction to discourses on fisheries’ sponsorships at the WTO since the Doha Round of 2001. India has been shielding the privileges of creating countries for extraordinary and differential treatment. Created nations fight that countries without laws to oversee fisheries in their particular EEZs are not genuine about unregulated angling. The MFRM Bill is India’s reaction to such slants.

Pros:

  • Greater vessels, especially trawlers, enlisted and authorized under state offices, will require a license to angle. This is an invite measure to deal with the angling part.
  • The Bill regards the ward of our beachfront states over the TS.
  • It proposes government managed savings for fish labourers and calls for insurance of life adrift during extreme climate occasions.

Cons:

  • The Bill precludes angling by outside angling vessels, consequently nationalizing our EEZ. An Indian angling vessel burning of angling in the EEZ, outside the TS, must acquire a grant. This necessity has been challenged by the angling business — especially little scale administrators.
  • There is a flawed supposition in the Bill that lone enormous scale vessels fish outside the TS. As a matter of fact, a great many little scale angling makes normally adventure into such territories. Their opportunity to get to angle outside the TS will stop if the Bill becomes law. A couple of exclusion statements to protect their jobs ought to be joined in the Bill.
  • The Bill needs harmoniousness with significant territorial fishery understandings. It is fragmented contrasted with the guidelines in other waterfront countries.

Conclusion:

  • Fish can’t be bound by territoriality diktats of the Center or states. Helpful administration between them over various regions (IW, TS and EEZ) is critical to the supportable administration of marine fisheries.
  • Little scale fish labourers can request to make the whole IW and TS totally free of trawling utilizing the FAO/UN Small-Scale Fisheries Guidelines to help their contentions. This will raise their earnings, guarantee an unfaltering inventory to purchasers, mend the beachfront zones and check the most despicable aspect of dangerous angling.

Connecting the dots:

  • India is yet to have a focal guideline on fisheries. In this light talk about the significance of Marine Fisheries Regulation and Management (MFRM) Bill.

(TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE)


Model questions: (You can now post your answers in the comment section)

Q.1) Consider the following statements about Compensatory Afforestation Fund(CAF)

  1. The Compensatory Afforestation Fund Management and Planning Authority established under the Forest Conservation Act 1980 will execute the fund.
  2. 90% of CAF funds will flow to States & UT afforestation fund which can be used for catchment area treatment, wildlife management, salaries and travelling allowances for forest officers.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are incorrect?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.2) Consider the following statements about Coalition for Disaster Resilient Infrastructure (CDRI)

  1. The CDRI will create a mechanism to assist countries for upgrading their capacities and practices with regard to infrastructure development in accordance with their risk context and economic needs.
  2. Its secretariat will be set up in New Delhi. 
  3. The charter of the CDRI will be finalized by the National Disaster Management Authority in consultation with the Ministry of External Affairs

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 1,2 and 3

Q.3) Consider the following statements 

  1. The government permitted 100% FDI under automatic route for sale of coal, for coal mining activities including associated processing infrastructure 
  2. Total FDI flows into India in 2018-19 is the highest ever FDI received for any financial year

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.3) Which of the following countries are considered as part of Horn of Africa?

  1. Eritrea
  2. Ethiopia
  3. Somalia
  4. Gabon 

Select the correct answer from codes given below.

  1. 1,2 and 3 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1,3 and 4 only
  4. 1,2,3 and 4



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