Programming Languages are a fundamental part of computer science, they are the most important tools in a programmer’s toolbox. And critical to almost every programming activity. Choosing between programming languages like Python vs Java is often confusing. Python and Java have been fighting for the top position on the most popular programming languages introduced out there. The battle of Java vs Python has been one of the top rivalries. Both the programming languages have gained limelight in the coding world in several different aspects. However, there’s one common factor between them: Both have survived and remain on the top in the programming world since the starting of the 21st century. They have outshined in the market despite the bursting hassle due to the advent of new programming languages.
Python vs Java!
Both Java and Python are general-purpose programming languages. While the previous could be a statically typed language wherein programmers need to declare all variable names explicitly. The latter is a dynamically typed language where developers don’t seem to be required to declare variable names explicitly. Their future can be easily predicted considering there merits and demerits:
Python vs Java
Python is an interpreted language with an easy syntax. Making it a very good option for scripting and rapid application development in various fields. This is a dynamically typed programming language where there is no need for declaring variables. The original motivation behind it was to create a higher-level language to bridge the differences between C and the shell. Creating system administration utilities using C back at that time was a bit complicated.
Also, the syntax is derived from a few languages like Algol68 and ABC. And was meant to be easily readable and clean. One of the prime merits of this language is that it is open-source and free-to-use. The Python Package Index (PyPI) has varied third-party modules that ease interaction with other programming languages and platforms, including C, C++, C#, VB, and Perl.
The programing language features a built-in list and dictionary data structures that make it easier to construct fast runtime data structures. It offers the functionality of dynamic high-level typing and a good range of ordinary libraries associated with string operations, software interfaces and protocols, web service tools, and more.
Also, these reduce the code length and developers’ efforts while working with Python. Strong support from communities is one of the key aspects.
But, what is the future scope?
Java is a statically typed general-purpose programming language. It is an object-oriented programming language. Java was prepared to be WORA (write once run anywhere) language. It was designed to run on any desired platform and with dependencies as possible with the help of the Java Virtual Machine (JVM). Java has a syntax similar to that of C and C++.
Also, it is one of the most popular and basic programming languages in the market. Java is free, simple, and distributed. With support for multithread programming concepts. It comes with exciting and remarkable features like try-with-resources, generics, etc.
Also, along with automatic garbage collection and endless memory management models. This makes it a great option for creating highly robust and reliable applications and programs. Java makes it easier for programmers and developers to create portable cross-platform applications.
Java, since Java SE version 8 (JDK 8), is being upgraded with functional programming features like Lambda Expressions and Functional Interfaces. For instance, this enhances the code flexibility, which also counts to the benefits of Java. Additionally, the language is platform-independent. Meaning, its code can run across several different platforms including desktops, mobiles, and embedded systems. Java requires programmers to write down long lines of code to accomplish common programming tasks. They even have to place in time beyond regulation and energy to arrange, maintain, and update a Java codebase.
This is Python vs Java!
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