Teaching as a profession is divided into many areas of specializations, each requiring different skill-sets and each employing a different method of training. Some of the major areas of specialization include teaching at nursery schools, middle schools, high schools, colleges- universities, institutes, and special schools (for students with specific needs).
Skills and attributes
Teaching is often considered an easy-enough job. The common perception is that you need to know your subject, understand the lesson plan, and make it interesting for kids. This is simply not enough. One requires a blend of essential attributes like patience, confidence, liking for and an understanding of children/ students to pursue a teaching career. Teachers must also have the capacity to organize with ease, be friendly and helpful, possess the skill to communicate well, to initiate a liking in their students’ minds even in the case of most boring subjects.
A teacher has to be a friend, philosopher, and guide to his wards.A teacher should be initiative driven, and passionate about the cause and role of teaching in the society. A potential teacher should always be eager to learn continuously.
explore the numbers
Figures released by the Indian government in 2011 show that there were 5,816,673 elementary school teachers in India. As of March 2012 there were 2,127,000 secondary school teachers in India.
As a teacher, your salary can vary greatly depending on your training, your qualification, and the type of school you are employed by. The level at which you are teaching can also make a difference to your salary package. Unfortunately the salary package in the profession of teaching are not very high.
According to PayScale, the average salary for a high school teacher in India at the entry is level is around INR 2.45 LPA. For an experienced teacher, teaching at high school level, the average salary is INR 4.71 LPA.
In some school, teachers receive additional benefits like accommodation, subsidized fees for children, pension, and gratuity. Some schools also assist teachers with skill upgradation.
With the private education market booming in India, salaries for teachers is poised to increase, hopefully starting a renewed vigor in the profession over all.
Govt School & Senior Teacher
Rs.40,000 to 60,000
Govt School & Junior Teacher
Rs.20,000 to 40,000
Best Private School Teacher
Rs.20,000 to 40,000
Average Private School Teacher
As a teacher, you need to have a Bachelors in Education (B.Ed) degree. Colleges across the country offer these degrees. Some universities offer B.Ed courses by correspondence too. One can do a Masters in Education (M.Ed) later, to add to qualifications. But it is also important to have the necessary in-depth knowledge of the subject you want to teach and are going to specialize in.
As a matter of fact, M. Ed is only required to enhance your possibilities of promotion or getting the next higher grade. In case you want to specialize as a nursery teacher only; you must undergo a special nursery teachers’ training, available at various universities.
Basic Training Certificate (BTC), Diploma in Education (D.Ed) and Teacher Training Certificate (TTC) are other teaching courses in India that can help you get a teaching job.
In case an individual plans to be a games/physical fitness instructor, he/she will require obtaining a certificate/ degree or diploma from any one of the sports institutes located around the country.
One can also appear for the Central Teacher Eligibility Test (CTET) conducted by the CBSE for appointment as a teacher for classes I – VIII in government and state schools as well as unaided private schools that accept CTET scores.
College and university teaching requires a different approach. After finishing M.A. in a subject, one can become a specialist by doing M. Phil. or Ph.D. If you want to know how to become a lecturer in India, it is important to remember that you will have to clear the NET exam conducted by the University Grants Commission (UGC). One can then apply to colleges for a job as and when a vacancy arises.
TET Entrance Exam is taken in two parts: Exam 1 and Exam 2. TET is prepared by both Central government and State government in India. For a candidate to be eligible for appointment as a teacher in any of the schools is that he/she should pass the Teacher Eligibility Test (TET) which will be conducted by the appropriate Government.
NCTE (National Council for Teacher Education) has initiated new regulation for candidates aspiring to become teachers in schools under 3 categories:
3)Unaided and aided categories.
The National Council for Teacher Education (NCTE) has laid down the minimum qualifications for a person to be eligible for appointment as a teacher in class I to VIII.
TET is conducted once a year, separately by the state government and the Central government.
There are two levels in TET. A candidate can choose either or both of the tests.
1) Level 1 Test – This test is taken by candidates who aspire to become a Primary Class Teacher (Class I to V).
2) Level 2 Test – This test is taken by candidates who aspire to become a Secondary Class Teacher (Class VI to VIII).
CBSE conducts Central Teacher Eligibility Test CTET for candidates who aspire to teach in the schools of the Central Government in India. States are free to conduct their own STET (State Teacher Eligibility Test) or honor CTET (Central Teacher Eligibility Test).
The CTET shall apply to schools of the Central Government (KVS, NVS, Central Tibetan Schools, etc.) and schools under the administrative control of UT’s of Chandigarh, Dadra & Nagar Haveli, Daman & Diu and Andaman & Nicobar Islands and NCT of Delhi.
CTET can also be applied to unaided private schools, who exercise the option of considering the CTET.
SLET is the eligibility test conducted by State. SLET will be a compulsory and essential requirement for securing a teaching job in all types of schools. State Governments / Union Territories have to draw guidelines to this effect as per the norms laid down by NCTE(National Council for Teacher Education). Schools owned and managed by the State Government/local government and aided schools shall consider the TET(Teacher Eligibility Test) conducted by the State Government. However, State Government can also consider the CTET if it decides not to conduct the State TET.
NET(National Eligibility Test) Exam is conducted by UGC(University Grants Commission) for determining the eligibility of Indian candidates for the position of Assistant Professor only or Junior Research Fellowship & Assistant Professor both in Indian Universities and Colleges.
The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) conducts the National Eligibility Test (CBSE NET) on behalf of the University Grants Commission. The UGC NET Exam is conducted to determine the eligibility of Indian candidates for the post of Assistant Professor only or Junior Research Fellowship and for the post of Assistant Professor, in Indian universities and colleges.
CSIR (Council of Scientific and Industrial Research), conducts the Single MCQ Examination (Joint CSIR – UGC Test) for the position of Junior Research Fellowship (JRF) and appointment as a Lecturer.
CSIR conducts the Joint CSIR-UGC Test to determine the eligibility of candidates for the award of Junior Research Fellowships (JRF) NET and for determining eligibility for appointment of Lecturers (NET) in some subject areas falling under the faculty of Science & Technology. The award of Junior Research Fellowship (NET) to the successful eligible candidates will depend on their securing admission/placement in a university/ national laboratory/ institution of higher learning and research, as applicable.
Government teaching job is a very good, professional, reputed, & growing job in India. There are three levels of teaching jobs:
1.PRT- Teacher can teach up to one to 5th level
2.TGT- Teacher can teach up to 10th level
3.PGT- Teacher can teach up to 12th level
TGT PGT Eligibility Criteria
Minimum Age: 21 years as of 1 July
Maximum age: 35 years for the TGT post
40 years for PGT post as on 31st January 2014.
TGT Trained Graduate Teacher (TGT) Exam is conducted in most of the states in India, for the recruitment of graduate teacher in state government schools.
Candidates from any Graduate of any discipline with B.Ed degree from recognized university/institute/college may apply for the TGT exam. Minimum age limit to appear for TGT exam is 21 years and there is no upper age limit for this exam. But it may vary state wise.
Candidate has to complete 4 years Integrated degree course from Regional NCERT College of Education in relevant subject with minimum 50% marks/ B.Ed or equivalent qualification/ English & Hindi concerned Regional Language Teaching Ability/ CTET passed by CBSE.
PGT (Post Graduate Teacher) Exam
PGT is conducted in most of the states in India, for the recruitment of graduate teacher in state govt. schools.
Candidates from any Graduate college in any discipline with B.Ed degree from any recognized university/institute/college can apply for PGT exam. Minimum age limit to appear for PGT is 21 years and there is no upper age limit for this exam. But it may vary state wise.
You have to pass 2 year Post Graduate course from Regional NCERT College of Education in relevant subject with minimum 50% marks/ B.Ed or equivalent qualification/ Proficiency in Teaching in Hindi & English Languages.
PRT (Primary Teacher Exam) Exam
Conducted in most of the states in India, for the recruitment of graduate teacher in state govt. schools.
Senior Secondary School Certificate with 50% marks or Intermediate with 50% marks or its equivalent:
i) Pass in the CTET conducted by the CBSE in accordance with the Guidelines framed by the NCTE for the purpose.i
i) Proficiency in teaching Hindi & English.
Candidates who have completed their Master’s with a minimum of 55% marks can appear for B.Ed. The age limit of candidates is 28 years. Relaxation of 5 years is available for the backward category & Women.
Those who are appearing for this examination must have cleared their Bachelors from any accepted University. The score that is required for the admission of candidates into this course will vary in each university.