IAS Coaching Current Affairs and News Analysis (08-11-2019)

ias coaching current affairs 08-11-2019

Highlights |IAS Current Affairs 08-11-2019

Current Affairs and News (08-11-2019)- The following article contains all the updated events and news for IAS Preparation. Our daily IAS Current Affairs and News cover the most important topics to give precise information to the reader and IAS Aspirants.

  • Office of Profit
  • BIMSTEC Ports’ Conclave
  • Bru refugees
  • Telugu Ganga project
  • India Justice Report
  • Kerala on its way to achieve 100% Internet penetration
  • 3 years since DeMo, cash is back
  • “Swachhta Tax” On Tourists Taking Photos
  • Rise and Fall of ISIS (PART 1)
  • Collegium system and NJAC (Part -2)

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IAS Current Affairs and News Analysis (08-11-2019)

Office of Profit

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-II – Polity

In News

  • The Punjab Assembly passed an enactment barring the six decision Congress MLA selected as counselors to the Chief Minister from the workplace of benefit classification.
  • It was contradicted by individuals from restriction that the law was against the 91st amendment to the Constitution, which expressed that the absolute number of Ministers ought not surpass 15% of the complete quality of the State Assembly.

What the law says?

  • Article 102(a) says an individual will be precluded from being an individual from either House of Parliament on the off chance that he holds any Office of Profit, among different grounds. Article 191(1) contain a comparable arrangement for MLA and MLCs in the states.
  • Article 103 state that if an inquiry emerges whether a part has caused such exclusion, it will be alluded to the President’s choice. The President will get the Election Commission’s assessment and act in like manner.
  • Office of benefit’ (OoP) isn’t unmistakably characterized in the Constitution.
  • In any case, getting from the past legal proclamations, five tests have been set down to check if an office is an OoP or not.They are:
    • regardless of whether the administration makes the arrangement
    • regardless of whether the administration has the option to evacuate or expel the holder
    • regardless of whether the administration pays compensation
    • what the elements of the holder are
    • does the administration practice any command over the presentation of these capacities
  • Taking all things together, the word ‘benefit’ has consistently been dealt with identical to or a substitute for the term ‘monetary increase’ (monetary profit).

BIMSTEC Ports’ Conclave

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-III- International Affairs

In News

  • The first ever BIMSTEC Conclave of Ports is being held at Vishakhapatnam on 7-8 November, 2019.
  • The conclave aims at providing a platform to strengthen maritime interaction, port-led connectivity initiatives and sharing best practices among member countries. Providing Connectivity is one of the key priorities among BIMSTEC countries
  • Three Memorandums of Understanding (MoUs) have been signed between Ranong Port (Port Authority of Thailand) and the Port Trusts of Chennai, Vishakhapatnam and Kolkata during the Conclave.These MoUs will enhance economic partnership by cutting down the sea travel time between India and Thailand from  10- 15 days to 7 days

Do You Know?

  • The first ever BIMSTEC Conclave of Ports is being held at Vishakhapatnam on 7-8 November, 2019.
  • The gathering targets giving a stage to reinforce sea collaboration, port-drove network activities and sharing prescribed procedures among part nations. Giving Connectivity is one of the key needs among BIMSTEC nations
  • Three Memorandums of Understanding (MoUs) have been marked between Ranong (Port Authority of Thailand) and the Port Trusts of Chennai, Vishakhapatnam and Kolkata during the Conclave.These MoUs will upgrade monetary organization by chopping down the ocean travel time among India and Thailand from 10-15 days to 7 days

Bru refugees

Part of: GS Prelims and GS Mains II – Federalism

In News

  • Fighting Mizoram Bru displaced people in north Tripura pulled back their uncertain street bar after the Tripura State government declared its choice to reestablish apportion in help camps.

Bru Tribe:

  • Home: The Brus, additionally alluded to as the Reangs, are spread over the north-eastern conditions of Tripura, Assam, Manipur, and Mizoram.
  • Culture: They talk the Reang vernacular of Kokborok language which is privately alluded to as Kau Bru. Their Hojagiri people move is outstanding everywhere throughout the world. ‘Buisu’, not ‘bihu’ is the most well known celebration of Reang clans.

Conflict in Mizoram:

  • In 1995, Mizos, the greater part clan of the state, requested that Brus be let alone for the state’s discretionary moves as they fought that they are not indigenous to Mizoram.
  • In 1997, ethnic brutality constrained the Brus to escape the state in huge numbers to neighboring Tripura. As of now, around 35,000 (in excess of 5,000 families) Bru displaced people living in Tripura camps.
  • Numerous endeavors have been made from that point forward to repatriate them.
  • The Ministry of Home Affairs had on September 2018 consented to an arrangement with the Mizoram Bru Displaced People’s Forum (MBDPF) and the Mizoram and Tripura governments for repatriation ofnearly 33,000 Bru outcasts, presently living in camps in Tripura, to Mizoram.
  • Under the understanding, every family will get ₹5,000 every month alongside free proportion for a long time, other than monetary help for house-building, instruction, security and so on.

Telugu Ganga project

Part of: GS Prelims and GS Mains II – Federalism (Inter-State river water sharing)

In News

  • Chennai city, which thought about serious drinking water lack, can be guaranteed of its full share of Krishna water from Andhra Pradesh this season, as significant supplies in Nellore area of Andhra Pradesh have agreeable stockpiling.
  • Telugu Ganga Project is a between state Project planned to inundate 5.75 lakh sections of land in dry season inclined territories of Rayalaseema and uplands of Nellore District in Andhra Pradesh by using 29 TMC of Krishna flood streams and 30 TMC of Pennar flood streams.
  • Further so as to give drinking water to the Chennai city, the three Krishna bowl conditions of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Maharashtra have consented to save 5 TMC each from their separate portions of Krishna waters totalling to 15 TMC to meet the necessities.
  • This number was overhauled down to 12 TMC in 1983 in the wake of bookkeeping leakage and dissipation loses.
  • Water is drawn from the Srisailam repository (in AP) and occupied towards Chennai through a progression of between connected waterways, over a separation of around 406 kilometers (252 mi), before it arrives at the goal at the Poondi store close to Chennai.

India Justice Report

Part of: GS Prelims and GS Mains II – Polity

In News

  • Maharashtra has topped the rundown of 18 huge medium States in the general positioning of Indian States on equity conveyance, trailed by Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Punjab and Haryana.
  • This is as per the India Justice Report 2019 by the Tata Trusts as a team with Center for Social Justice, Common Cause, and Commonwealth Human Rights Initiative, among others.
  • The report depends on freely accessible information from various government elements on the four mainstays of equity conveyance — police, legal executive, detainment facilities and legitimate guide.

Some of the findings of the report are:

  • Indeed, even the best performing States scored under 60% in their exhibition on limit over the police, legal executive, penitentiaries and lawful guide.
  • The nation has around 18,200 judges with about 23% endorsed posts empty
  • Ladies are inadequately spoken to in these columns, comprising only 7% of the police.
  • Penitentiaries are over-involved at 114%, where 68% are undertrials anticipating examination, request or preliminary.
  • India’s per capita consumption on free lawful guide is 75 paise per annum
  • As to, most States are not ready to completely use the assets given to them by the Center, while the expansion in spending on the police, detainment facilities and legal executive doesn’t keep pace with the general increment in State use,
Daily Current Affairs IAS | UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam – 8th November 2019
Daily Current Affairs IAS | UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam – 8th November 2019

Kerala on its way to achieve 100% Internet penetration

Part of: GS Prelims and GS Mains III – Economy (Digital India)

In News

  • Kerala Fiber Optic Network venture, pegged at ₹1,548 crore, would give Internet to each family unit in the State
  • The undertaking is scheduled for finish by December 2020, whereby for 20 lakh BPL family units web will be free
  • Be that as it may, passing by information in an ongoing report by the Internet and Mobile Association of India (IAMAI), Kerala is as of now most of the way to its objective of 100% inclusion.
  • As indicated by the report, titled ‘India Internet 2019,’ the State’s Internet entrance rate is the second most elevated in the nation (54%), next just to Delhi NCR with 69% infiltration.
  • The Internet entrance rate is characterized as number of people matured over 12 for every 100 populace who got to the Internet in the most recent month.
  • Web infiltration rate was the least in Odisha (25), Jharkhand (26) and Bihar (28).
  • Be that as it may, Kerala is among the States with a gigantic hole between the quantity of rustic and urban Internet associations. This is additionally the situation in Delhi and Himachal Pradesh.
Daily Current Affairs IAS | UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam – 8th November 2019
Daily Current Affairs IAS | UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam – 8th November 2019

3 years since DeMo, cash is back

Part of: GS Prelims and GS Mains III – Economy

In News

  • A long time since demonetisation, the degree of money with general society has developed quicker than the GDP development of the nation
  • Anyway advanced installments — particularly those on the Unified Payments Interface (UPI) stage — have seen powerful development.
  • Save Bank of India information show that people in general held ₹20.49 lakh crore in real money as of September 2019
  • The information show that the money held by people in general profited available for use, with the greater part of the rest kept in banks
  • In December 2016, one month after demonetisation and the upheld stores in banks, this rate remained at 83%.
  • As per the RBI’s yearly report, the quantity of UPI installments in 2018-19, at 535 crore, just because outperformed the quantity of check card exchanges (441 crore).

Miscellaneous

“Swachhta Tax” On Tourists Taking Photos

  • The Parra panchayat in North Goa had begun imposing duty on clicking pictures or shooting recordings in its ward.
  • Parra is best known for its picturesque street fixed with coconut trees, regularly fills in as a setting in a few Bollywood films, including the Shahrukh Khan-starrer ‘Dear Zindagi’.
  • The thought behind the expense was not to win income for the town panchayat, however to prevent travelers and picture takers from holding up traffic along the restricted street during their shoots and tossing trash around the spot
  • The expense had additionally maddened travel and the travel industry partners in Goa, who had communicated worry that such a duty might be copied in other waterfront towns, which would prevent sightseers from visiting the zones
  • Subsequently, the Panchayat declared withdrawal of an assessment

(MAINS FOCUS)


INTERNAL SECURITY

TOPIC: General Studies 3:

  • Linkages between development and spread of extremism.
  • Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.

Rise and Fall of ISIS (PART 1)

Context:

  • President Donald Trump pronounced that ISIS chief Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi was dead after a US military strike in northwest Syria over.
  • The President said a US extraordinary tasks powers strategic after the ISIS chief and there were no US passings during the activity.
  • The passing of Baghdadi marks the perfection of a years-in length chase to discover one of the most needed psychological oppressors on the planet and the man who proclaimed a purported Islamic caliphate in Iraq and Syria in 2014.

ISIS origin:

  • IS can follow its underlying foundations back to the late Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, a Jordanian. In 2004, a year after the US-drove intrusion of Iraq, Zarqawi promised faithfulness to Osama Bin Laden and framed al-Qaeda in Iraq (AQI).
  • After Zarqawi’s demise in 2006, AQI made an umbrella association, Islamic State in Iraq (ISI).
  • ISI was debilitated by the US troop and the formation of Sahwa (Awakening) boards by Sunni Arab tribesmen who dismissed its ruthlessness.
  • Baghdadi, a previous US prisoner, became pioneer in 2010 and started remaking ISI’s capacities.
  • IS additionally joined the defiance to President Bashar al-Assad in Syria, setting up the al-Nusra Front.
  • In April 2013, Baghdadi declared the merger of IS powers in Iraq and Syria and the production of “Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant” (Isis).
  • In June 2014, Isis overran the northern city of Mosul, and afterward propelled southwards towards Baghdad, slaughtering its enemies and taking steps to destroy the nation’s numerous ethnic and strict minorities.

Area under control:

Daily Current Affairs IAS | UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam – 8th November 2019
Daily Current Affairs IAS | UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam – 8th November 2019

What does IS want?

  • The foundation of a “caliphate” – a state represented as per Islamic law, or Sharia, by God’s agent on Earth, or caliph.
  • It has requested that Muslims over the world swear faithfulness to its pioneer – Ibrahim Awad Ibrahim al-Badri al-Samarrai, also called Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi – and relocate to an area under its influence.
  • IS has likewise told other jihadist bunches worldwide that they should acknowledge its incomparable position.
  • The gathering legitimizes its assaults on Muslims and non-Muslims the same by drawing on extraordinary elucidations of Islamic writings.

Funds:

  • ISIS is the world’s wealthiest aggressor gathering.
  • Well off private contributors and Islamic foundations in the Middle East quick to expel Syria’s President Assad.
  • Self-financing.
  • The US Treasury appraises that in 2014 IS may have earned as much as a few million dollars for every week, or $100m altogether, from the clearance of unrefined petroleum and refined items to nearby go betweens, who thusly snuck them in Turkey and Iran, or offered them to the Syrian government.

To be contd in the next part…………..

Connecting the dots:

  • What is ISIS and its mission? How can ISIS be dangerous to the internal security of our country.(UPSC 2015)

POLITY

TOPIC: General Studies 2:

  • Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary

Collegium system and NJAC (Part -2)

Context:

  • A nine-judge Bench of the Supreme Court has rejected a request looking for an audit of its 1993 decision in the Second Judges Case, which is broadly comprehended to be instrumental in building up the “collegium framework” of selecting made a decision in India’s higher legal executive.

National Judicial Appointments Commission (NJAC)

  • Body answerable for the arrangement and move of judges to the higher legal executive in India.
  • 99th Constitutional Amendment Act-2014 passed on 2014
  • Another article, Article 124A, has been embedded into the Constitution.
  • The NJAC would have substituted the collegium framework for the arrangement of judges
  • The National Judicial Appointments Commission Act, 2014, was likewise passed by the Parliament of India to control the elements of the National Judicial Appointments Commission.
  • The NJAC Act and the Constitutional Amendment Act came into power in 2015.
  • The Constitution Bench of Supreme Court by 4:1 Majority maintained the collegium framework and struck down the NJAC as illegal

Equity Chelameswar. contended that the proposed piece of the NJAC would not be a protected issue, and that it could have acted “as a beware of unwholesome exchange offs inside the collegium and forbidden lodging among Judicial and Executive branches.”

Need for NJAC :

  • The Appointment of Judges by the Collegium framework was totally dark and there was no technique for checking the sensibility of arrangement.
  • There was a finished absence of responsibility with respect to Judiciary.
  • The Second Administrative Reforms Commission, under the Chairmanship of Mr. Verappa Moily, had additionally noticed that, “Maybe in no other nation on the planet does the legal executive have a last say in its very own arrangements. In India, neither the official nor the lawmaking body has a lot of state in who is named to the Supreme Court or the High Courts.”
  • The significant explanation behind the opportunity in the courts and thus pendency of cases.
  • The collegium framework was broadly viewed as unlawful as the Constitution accommodated the arrangement by the President in counsel with the legal executive and not the other way around.

Composition:

  1. Chief Justice of India (Chairperson, ex officio)
  2.  Two other of senior judges of the Supreme Court next to the Chief Justice of India – ex officio
  3.  The Union Minister of Law and Justice, ex-officio
  4. Two eminent persons

These (two) eminent persons would have been nominated by a committee consisting of the

  • Chief Justice of India,
  • Prime Minister of India, and
  •  Leader of Opposition in the Lok Sabha 

Functions:

Recommending persons for

  • Arrangement as Chief Justice of India, Judges of the Supreme Court, Chief Justices of High Courts and different Judges of High Courts
  • Move of Chief Justices and different Judges of High Courts from one High Court to some other High Court.

After math:

  • In 2015 the SC advised that it is available to getting more noteworthy straightforwardness the collegium framework
  • To make collegium straightforward
  • The fixing of the qualification criteria for an individual to be viewed as appropriate for arrangement as a judge
  • A procedure to get and manage grievances against made a decision without settling on legal autonomy
  • Discussion on whether a different secretariat is required, and provided that this is true, its working, organization and forces

Connecting the dots:

  • How NJAC is unconstitutional? Substantiate.

(TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE)


Model questions: (You can now post your answers in comment section)

Note: 

  • Correct answers of today’s questions will be provided in next day’s DNA section. Kindly refer to it and update your answers. 
  • Comments Up-voted by IASbaba are also the “correct answers”.

Q.1) Consider the following statements about Office of Profit

  1. It is clearly defined in the Constitution in Article 102(a)
  2. If a question arises whether a member (of Parliament) has incurred disqualification on Office of Profit grounds, it will be referred to the Speaker/Chairman of the House decision.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.2) Consider the following statements about India Justice Report

  1. It is released by NITI Aayog
  2. The report is based on publicly available data from different government entities on the four pillars of justice delivery — police, judiciary, prisons and legal aid.
  3. Maharashtra has topped the list of 18 large-medium States in the overall ranking of Indian States on justice delivery

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 and 2 Only
  2. 2 and 3 Only
  3. 1 and 3 Only
  4. 1,2 and 3

Q.3) Which of the following countries are member countries of BIMSTEC

  1. Srilanka
  2. Malaysia
  3. Nepal
  4. Bangladesh
  5. China

Select the correct answer from codes given below

  1. 1, 2,3 and 4 Only
  2. 1,3 and 4 Only
  3. 1,2 and 3 Only
  4. 1,2,3,4 and 5

Q.4) Consider the following statements

  1. As of Nov 2019, cash held by the public made up 36% of the money in circulation, with most of the rest deposited in banks indicating success of demonetisation
  2. The number of UPI payments in 2018-19 for the first time surpassed the number of debit card transactions.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.5) Consider the following statements about Bru Tribes

  1. They also referred to as the Reangs, are spread across the north-eastern states of Tripura, Assam, Manipur, and Mizoram.
  2. Hojagiri folk dance is performed by Bru people which entails women and young girls, about 4 to 6 members in a team, singing, balancing on an earthen pitcher and managing other props such as a bottle on the head,while only the lower half of the body is moved

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

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