IAS Coaching Current Affairs and News Analysis (05-11-2019)

ias coaching current affairs 05-11-2019

Highlights |IAS Current Affairs 05-11-2019

Current Affairs and News (05-11-2019)- The following article contains all the updated events and news for IAS Preparation. Our daily IAS Current Affairs and News cover the most important topics to give precise information to the reader and IAS Aspirants.

  • Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP)
  • SCO joint exercise
  • One China Policy
  • Mutual logistics agreement
  • Auto slowdown
  • New species of tree frog
  • Ratnam Pen
  • Embracing Digital Governance
  • Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership

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IAS Coaching Current Affairs 05-11-2019 are followed in the part below:

IAS Current Affairs and News Analysis (05-11-2019)

Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP)

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-II – International Affairs

In News

  • Seven years after India joined arrangements for the 16-country ASEAN (Association for South East Asian Nations)- drove RCEP India dropped out of the understanding, refering to its negative impacts on “ranchers, MSMEs and the dairy area”.
  • RCEP is a proposed facilitated commerce understanding (FTA) among ASEAN and its six FTA accomplices – China, Japan, India, South Korea, Australia and New Zealand.
  • Ten part conditions of ASEAN areBrunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam
  • Without India, RCEP represents about 1/third of worldwide GDP. In any case, they have not exactly 33% of the populace.
  • Why India quit?
    • The arrangement requires the slow disposal of duties which may flood Indian markets with Chinese products and horticultural produce from oceania, hurting neighborhood makers
    • Absence of access to Indian administrations enabling Indian work portability to different nations for administrations – in the RCEP nations (Services is India’s solid territory and can possibly take advantage of RCEP advertise)
  • Would india be able to join later?
    • Truly, if the issues India has with the arrangement are settled

SCO joint exercise

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-III – Security

In News

  • Pakistan didn’t take an interest in the debut session of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) joint exercise on urban seismic tremor and salvage in Delhi.
  • Seismic tremors have taken in excess of 2 lakh lives, which represent 66% of calamity related mortality in SCO nations. In this foundation, this joint exercise will be helpful for improving the aggregate readiness
  • The SCO, where China assumes a persuasive job, is additionally involved Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, India and Pakistan. India and Pakistan were conceded into the alliance in 2017.

Do You Know?

  • Local Anti-Terrorist Structure (RATS) is a perpetual organ of the SCO which serves to advance participation of part states against the three indecencies of psychological oppression, nonconformity and radicalism. It is headquartered in Tashkent.
  • India has propelled Geostationary Satellite to improve correspondence, climate determining, and so on among the South Asian nations.

One China Policy

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-II – Federalism

In News

  • Vietnam emphasized that it sticks to the one-China arrangement and anticipate that China should hold fast to universal law

About One China Policy

  • It is a guideline whereby China demands Taiwan is a basic piece of one China to be reunified one day.
  • The approach can be followed back to 1949 and the finish of the Chinese common war. The crushed Nationalists, otherwise called the Kuomintang, withdrew to Taiwan and made it their seat of government while the successful Communists started managing the terrain as the People’s Republic of China. The two sides said they spoke to the entirety of China.
  • From that point forward China’s decision Communist Party has taken steps to utilize power if Taiwan ever officially proclaims freedom, however it has likewise sought after a gentler conciliatory track with the island as of late.

Mutual logistics agreement

Part of: GS Prelims and GS Mains II – International Relations

In News

  • India and Russia are relied upon to finish up a shared coordinations understanding and survey the setting up of joint endeavors for assembling saves for Russian safeguard stages in India
  • The Agreement on Reciprocal Logistics Support (ARLS) was relied upon to be marked uninvolved of the Eastern Economic Forum (EEF) in Vladivostok, yet was kept down.
  • A 50-part industry assignment is going with Defense Minister to Russia to investigate approaches to together make extras and segments with Russian unique gear producers (OEM) under ‘Make in India’.
  • EEF was built up by a pronouncement of the President of the Russian Federation, Vladimir Putin, in 2015, with the point of supporting the monetary improvement of Russia’s Far East, and to extend universal participation in the Asia-Pacific area

Auto slowdown

Part of: GS Prelims and Mains GS-III – Economy

In News

  • One of the key explanations behind the stoppage in the car area is the disarray over the approach on electric vehicles, the administration told a parliamentary board
  • NITI Aayog had proposed in August the boycott closeout of three-wheelers with inward burning motors by 2023 and bikes with motor limits under 150 cc by 2025.
  • The 150-cc and underneath fragment frames practically 90% of the bike showcase in the nation.
  • The business named the proposed NITI Aayog plan “unreasonable”, while thumping on the Center’s entryway pitching for an EV turn out guide over a “useful” time period.
  • Government explained at numerous gatherings that it didn’t mean to boycott offers of vehicles controlled by petroleum products, yet the perplexity added to the effectively low shopper supposition.
  • A portion of the reasons ascribed to auto stoppage are
    • Vehicle deals were down a direct result of “decrease” of car advances that so far were effectively accessible.
    • The sharp increment in street charge in numerous States added to the issue.
    • The change from BS IV to VI motors for improved discharge gauges has additionally prompted the droop because of expanded expense of generation.

Miscellaneous

New species of tree frog

  • Another frog species named Polypedates bengalensis has been found in a local location of West Bengal.
  • The new species additionally named Brown Blotched Bengal Tree was found in two places in West Bengal – Badu, North 24 Parganas District and Khordanahala, South 24 Parganas District.
  • It is named Brown Blotched Bengal Tree Frog from the arrangement of six to nine dim darker blotches that broaden along the side from behind the frog’s eye to the vent. The frog’s body shading is yellowish-darker to greenish-darker.

Ratnam Pen

  • Head administrator Narendra Modi has skilled German Chancellor Angela Merkel an impeccable handloom woolen khadi took from Ladakh and a Ratnam pen.
  • The Ratnam Pen, named after K.V. Ratnam (initially from a group of goldsmiths in Rajahmundry), was made famous by Mahatma Gandhi.
  • The pen was made in 1934 by Ratnam, by utilizing indigenous materials upon Mahatma Gandhi’s solicitation to make a ‘swadeshi’ (privately made) pen. Mahatma Gandhi had composed more than 31,000 letters in his journey to take India to its opportunity. Huge numbers of these letters were composed utilizing Ratnam Pen.
  • It is delivered even today in its unique structure by K.V. Ratnam and Sons — Ratnam Ballpen Works, claimed by Ratnam’s relatives. Indeed, even today, it has a barrel for filling ink utilizing a dropper and the Genius Iridium Nib from Germany.

IAS Coaching Current Affairs 05-11-2019 are followed in the part below:

(MAINS FOCUS)


GOVERNANCE

TOPIC: General Studies 2: 

  • Government arrangements and mediations for advancement in different areas and issues emerging out of their plan and execution.
  • Significant parts of administration, straightforwardness and responsibility, e-administration applications, models, triumphs, constraints, and potential; residents contracts, straightforwardness and responsibility and institutional and different measures.

Embracing Digital Governance

Introduction

  • Because of the fast ascent of the web and digitization, Governments everywhere throughout the world are starting strides to include data and correspondence innovation (ICT) in every legislative procedure.
  • Different government programs have utilized ICT on a huge scale to change the open administration biological system in the nation.

Examples of large-scale digital-led successes

  • Change brought out in immediate and aberrant duty system in the nation
  • Government obtainment changes passed through Government e-Marketplace
  • Turn out of Pradhan Mantri Jan Aarogya Yojana (Ayushman Bharat)
  • Participatory administration empowered through MyGov

Importance of ICT for effective governance

  • It is a key development towards making the country “Fit for Future”
  • association transforms into a swifter and progressively clear strategy
  • Makes the whole legitimate technique profitable, capable, clear, totally mindful and fit
  • Improved access to information and better nature of organizations for inhabitants
  • It would help in conveying government device to the doorsteps of the inhabitants (expanded reach of organization)
  • It would extend inhabitant enthusiasm for organization
  • Aadhar, Unified Payments Interface (UPI), Digital Locker, BharatNet, etc

India needs to prepare for the next wave of digital governance

  • The accompanying surge of modernized organization needs to change itself to the perspective of deliberately empowered inhabitants, associations and government the equivalent
  • India to end up being real ‘Electronic India’, an adjustment in viewpoint in e-organization approach is required
  • There is a necessity for move in come closer from the standard ‘office driven’ point of view on organization provisioning to an ‘accomplice driven’ see driven by their personas (persona-based technique for passing on organizations)
  • In a manner of speaking, there is a need to make the front line organization transport structure, where the governing bodies over all levels associate with each individual proactively for movement of organizations and benefits, and in neighborhood language of his/her choice. (making an entire worth chain)
  • The data assembled from various e-organization exercises should be used to diminish redundancy in information searched for from the associations and occupants over the value chain, perceive designs, improve movement parts and for better system orchestrating.
  • India needs a greater framework where the individual’s insurance is respected and data security is ensured.

Conclusion

Today, India is making fast walks in selection of rising ideas, for example, man-made reasoning (AI), AI (ML), Internet of Things (IoT), blockchain, distributed computing, rambles, microservices and so forth, which have an enormous potential in changing administration.

A few activities are being taken by the legislature to upgrade existing administration instruments by utilizing progressions in innovation.

Such endeavors and activities will undoubtedly heighten, given the developing difficulties in administration and accessibility of innovation in the nation.

The need is presently to join such endeavors and adjust them to a cutting edge administration structure, a system that has a ‘human-need driven plan’.

Connecting the dots:

  • India should progress in the direction of making a solid worth chain to get ready for the following influx of advanced administration. Explain.

INTERNATIONAL

TOPIC: General Studies 2:

  • Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests 

Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership

Context:

  • India chose to hold the closing down of Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) until “critical extraordinary issues” were settled, when all other 15 nations associated with the exchanges expressed that they were prepared to sign the uber economic accord in 2020.

PM narendra modi’s statement:

“At the point when I measure the RCEP Agreement regarding the interests everything being equal, I don’t find a positive solution. Along these lines, neither the Talisman of Gandhiji nor my very own soul license me to join RCEP,” .

Reasons for not joining:

  • Inadmissible dealings relating to India’s exchange with China — India has an over $50 billion exchange shortfall
  • “Lacking” insurance against floods in imports.
  • Industry has voiced feelings of dread that less expensive items from China would “flood” the market.
  • India has not gotten any affirmations on its interest for more market get to,
  • India’s worries over non-duty hindrances isn’t tended to
  • A “potential circumvention” of rules of root ,the criteria used to decide the national wellspring of an item were not tended to which permit nations like China to siphon in more items.
  • India has pushed for different nations to permit more prominent development of work and administrations for a long , which isn’t tended to
  • Worries over unsustainable exchange shortages is likewise not tended to.
  • India as of now have , two-sided FTAs with most RCEP countries, however it has recorded exchange shortages with these nations
  • Household businesses like dairy industry was required to confront solid challenge from Australia and New Zealand.

Way forward:

  • An auto-trigger system that would enable India to bring levies on items up in cases where imports cross a specific edge.
  • Bringing down and dispensing with duties on a few items from the India which It has communicated
  • Opening the huge Indian market must be coordinated by openings in certain regions where our organizations can likewise profit
  • India to defend the interests of its household industry recommended measures like looking for a 2014 base year for duty decreases rather than 2013, Using a base year before 2014 would mean an exceptional drop in the import obligations on these items. This measure must be acknowledged by RCEP

RCEP’s Statement:

“All RCEP Participating Countries will cooperate to determine these exceptional issues in a commonly palatable manner. India’s ultimate choice will rely upon good goals of these issues,” the joint proclamation by RCEP individuals said.

Connecting the dots :

  • India accepts that the RCEP economic agreement doesn’t give sufficient security against potential floods of imported merchandise. Legitimize.

(TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE)


Model questions: (You can now post your answers in comment section)

Q.1) Consider the following statements with respect to ‘Eastern Economic Forum’

  1. It is an initiative of the ‘ASEAN + 6’ countries.
  2. It is an initiative for the purpose of encouraging foreign investment

Select the correct statements

  1. 1 Only
  2. 2 Only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.2) Consider the following statements about Eastern Economic Forum

  1. EEF is an international forum established by Russia in 1991 to support the economic development of Russia’s Far East
  2. The Russian Far East comprises the eastern Russian territory between Lake Baikal in eastern Siberia and the Pacific Ocean

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.3) Consider the following statements about Ratnam Pen

  1. The pen was made in 1934 by Ratnam, by using indigenous materials upon Mahatma Gandhi’s request to create a ‘swadeshi’ (locally made) pen
  2. It is produced even today in its original form which has a barrel for filling ink using a dropper and the Genius Iridium Nib from Germany.

Which of the following statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.4) Which of the following countries are members of Shanghai Cooperation Organisation

  1. India
  2. China
  3. Pakistan
  4. Turkmenistan
  5. Uzbekistan

Select the correct answer from the codes given below

  1. 1,2 and 3only
  2. 1,2,3 and 4 only
  3. 1,2,3 and 5 only
  4. All of the above

Q.5) Which of the following are considered as the reasons for automobile slowdown observed in early 2019

  1. The sharp increase in road tax in many States
  2. The switch from BS IV to VI engines for improved emission standards
  3. Falling rural demand due to stagnation in agricultural growth

Select the correct answer from the codes given below

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. All of the above

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