Highlights |IAS Current Affairs 06-11-2019
Current Affairs and News (06-11-2019)- The following article contains all the updated events and news for IAS Preparation. Our daily IAS Current Affairs and News cover the most important topics to give precise information to the reader and IAS Aspirants.
- Alzheimer Disease
- Disqualification of MLAs
- The economic slowdown may lighten India’s carbon burden
- Ban proposed on sale, ads of junk food in schools
- Indian lungs under extreme stress
- Gujarat Control of Terrorism and Organised Crime (GCTOC) Bill’
- Nomad film festival
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IAS Current Affairs and News Analysis (06-11-2019)
Part of: GS Prelims and GS-II -Health
- China has affirmed the main home-developed medication “Oligomannate (GV-971)” for the treatment of “mellow to direct Alzheimer’s sickness (AD).
- Alzheimer’s infection is a dynamic cerebrum issue that regularly influences individuals more seasoned than 65. At the point when it influences more youthful people, it is viewed as an early beginning.
- The illness decimates synapses and nerves and disturbs the message-conveying synapses. In the long run, an individual with Alzheimer’s loses the capacity to perform everyday exercises.
- Manifestations incorporate memory misfortune, trouble in finishing natural errands, disarray with time or spot, issues in talking and composing, diminished or misguided thinking, and changes in temperament and character.
- There is no remedy for Alzheimer’s on the grounds that its careful causes are not known.
- Most medications being created an attempt to back off or stop the movement of the illness.
Disqualification of MLAs
Part of: GS Prelims and GS-II – Polity
- President Ram Nath Kovind has dismissed an appeal requesting preclusion of 11 AAP MLAs of Delhi Legislative gathering for purportedly holding the workplace of benefit.
- The choice of the President dismissing the supplication depends on an assessment rendered by the Election Commission.
- In March 2017, a man had recorded a request looking for preclusion of 11 AAP MLAs, asserting that they were getting a charge out of the office of benefit by being co-chairpersons of locale fiasco the board experts in 11 Delhi regions.
The economic slowdown may lighten India’s carbon burden
Part of: GS Prelims and GS-III – Economy
- Carbon dioxide discharges are ready to develop at their slowest — a 2% ascend from a year ago — since 2001 because of lower interest for coal in the power and assembling segment
- The ascent in C02 emanations from India saw wild swings — from 7.7% in 2014 to 3.5% the following year and afterward back to 7.8% in 2018. This is the first occasion when that emanations are relied upon to develop beneath 3% from the earlier year.
- The consolidated aggregate of coal deals from state-claimed mines to shoppers outside the power division and imports of coking coal and coke fell 14% in 2017 and rose 15% in 2018. In any case, it expanded by only 3% in the initial eight months of 2019,
Do You Know?
- Wind age rose by 17% in the initial a half year of 2019 contrasted with a similar period a year sooner, with sun-powered up 30% and hydro expanding by 22%
- As indicated by International Energy Emissions Agency: India’s per capita outflows were about 40% of the worldwide normal and contributed 7% to worldwide carbon dioxide trouble. The U.S., the biggest producer, contributed 14%.
- According to its responsibilities to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, India has vowed to diminish the emanation force of its economy by 33-35% of 2005 levels by 2030. It has likewise dedicated to having 40% of its vitality from inexhaustible sources by 2030.
Ban proposed on sale, ads of junk food in schools
Part of: GS Prelims and GS Mains II – Health
- Planned for empowering youngsters to eat and become sound, the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) discharged draft guidelines titled Food Safety and Standards (Safe Food and solid abstains from food for School Children) Regulations, 2019.
- It has proposed to confine the deal and the notice of nourishment items, which are high in fat, salt and sugar (HFSS), in school premises and inside 50 meters of the school grounds.
- HFSS nourishment incorporates southern style nourishments, for example, french fries, seared chips, sugar-improved carbonated or non-carbonated drinks, prepared to-eat nourishments, noodles, burgers, pizzas, and ice cream parlor things among others.
- Schools ought to receive an exhaustive program for advancing sound eating regimens among kids. The school grounds ought to be changed over into ‘Eat Right School’ concentrating on nearby and regular nourishment and no nourishment squander according to the predetermined benchmarks.
- As about 8% of schoolchildren are large, FSSAI has likewise recommended that youngsters must be urged to expend a reasonable eating regimen in the school according to the rules given by the National Institute of Nutrition.
- The controller has likewise proposed setting up a sub-board by the State Level Advisory Committee to screen the usage of these guidelines and to guarantee the accessibility of sheltered and healthy nourishment to younger students in the draft guidelines.
- It is a self-sufficient statutory body set up under the Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006.
- Service of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India is the authoritative Ministry of FSSAI.
- It sets down science-based models for articles of nourishment and directing assembling, handling, conveyance, deal, and import of nourishment in order to guarantee sheltered and healthy nourishment for human utilization.
Indian lungs under extreme stress
Part of: GS Prelims and Mains GS-II – Health
- Intense respiratory contaminations (ARI) represented 69.47% of dismalness (the state of being infected) a year ago which was the most elevated in the transmittable sickness class, prompting 27.21% mortality.
- Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, and West Bengal detailed countless patients and fatalities due to ARI according to the National Health Profile-2019.
- ARI incorporates respiratory ailment, for example, incessant bronchitis, emphysema, coronary illness, asthma, wheezing, hacking and trouble in relaxing.
- As indicated by the World Health Organization, intense respiratory disease is a genuine sickness that avoids typical breathing capacity and slaughters an expected 2.6 million kids every year consistently around the world.
- The embryo gets oxygen from the mother, and on the off chance that she is breathing dirtier air, it can build the wellbeing danger of unborn infants. Pregnant ladies in the principal trimester should be increasingly cautious as hazard increments and contamination can cause an ailment called intrauterine irritation.
- Pre-birth presentation to poisons builds the danger of pre-term conveyance and low birth weight, factors that can prompt formative inabilities later on
About National Health Profile
- NHP is a yearly production of the Central Bureau of Health Intelligence (CBHI)
- The NHP covers statistics, financial, wellbeing status and wellbeing account pointers, HR in the wellbeing division and wellbeing framework. It is additionally a significant wellspring of data on different transmittable and non-transferable maladies that are not secured under some other significant projects.
Gujarat Control of Terrorism and Organised Crime (GCTOC) Bill’
Part of: GS Prelims and Mains GS-III – Security
- President has given his consent to the GCTOC Bill, which was considered as the disputable enemy of fear enactment passed by the Gujarat State in March 2015.
- The Bill, prior named as the Gujarat Control of Organized Crime Bill, neglected to get the presidential gesture thrice since 2004 when Narendra Modi was the Chief Minister of the State.
- In 2015, the Gujarat government re-presented the Bill by renaming it the GCTOC yet held questionable arrangements, for example, enabling the police to tap telephonic discussions and submit them in court as proof
- The arrangements of the Bill would demonstrate vital in managing psychological warfare and composed wrongdoings, for example, contract executing, Ponzi plans, opiates exchange, and coercion rackets.
- A portion of the key arrangements of the demonstration are:
- The captured telephonic discussions would now be viewed as authentic proof
- Production of an extraordinary court just as the arrangement of uncommon open examiners.
- The bill accommodates the connection of properties obtained through sorted out violations. It likewise engages specialists to drop the exchange of properties.
- Different arrangements of the Act are the suitability of admission made before a cop as proof.
Nomad film festival
Part of: GS Prelims and Mains GS-I – Society
- “Testing the disgrace. Changing the story” is the maxim of the Nomad Film Festival.
- One of India’s most pointedly focussed, the celebration is committed to displaying films managing the de-advised and itinerant clans of the nation.
- The thought is to saddle film in coordinating spotlight on their battles and issues, to change the mentality of individuals about them and help battle the slurs and smudges related to them; misguided judgments like they are criminal clans, hoodlums and crooks.
- The movies could be about character legislative issues yet the bigger point is to enable the ancestral individuals to locate a solid inventive voice.
- In any case, the intensity of the celebration’s vision and its responsibility likewise makes it impeded in another manner in light of the fact that there are not very many movies made on the de-informed clans, migrants or wanderers.
About Denotified tribes
- The term, ‘De-informed and Nomadic Tribes’, can be followed to the Criminal Tribes Act (CTA) of 1871.
- The pioneer government advised about 200 innate networks to be inherited offenders and exposing them to steady provocation by the organization.
- After India picked up Independence, these clans were ‘de-told’ from the rundown of Criminal Tribes, and, thus, the term
- The CTA was revoked and the Habitual Offenders Act (HOA) was sanctioned in different States.
- Given their hundreds of years old convention of consistent development, they regularly don’t have any private confirmation, which lets them well enough alone for most of the administration’s plans.
- To address different issues looked by them, the main National Commission for Denotified, Nomadic and Semi-migrant Tribes (NCDNT) was comprised in 2003 and reconstituted two years after the fact under the chairpersonship of Balkrishna Renke, which presented its report in 2008.
- The proposals found a reverberation in the Idate Commission, established with a comparative command in 2015.
TOPIC: General Studies 2:
- Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests
A victory for the dairy sector
- India’s withdrawal from the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) is considered as a significant triumph for the rancher’s associations, worker’s guilds, MSME associations, and common society gatherings, which had challenged the organized commerce understanding.
- RCEP would have demonstrated self-destructive for India’s dairy division.
- India’s normal headed tax for dairy items is about 63.8% while its normal applied levy is 34.8%. Joining RCEP would have bound India to diminish that level to zero inside the following 15 years.
Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP):
- The Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) is a proposed facilitated commerce understanding (FTA) between the ten-part conditions of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) (Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam) and its six FTA accomplices (China, Japan, India, South Korea, Australia and New Zealand).
- RCEP arrangements began in November 2012 at the ASEAN Summit in Cambodia.
- RCEP part states represented a populace of 3.5 billion individuals with an aggregate (GDP) of $49.5 trillion, roughly 39 percent of the world’s GDP
- RCEP will be the world’s biggest financial coalition.
Global Milk Trade scenario
- Created nations represent 79% of the complete world fare of milk. Significant players are the U.S., the EU, Australia, and New Zealand.
- A nation like New Zealand trades 93% of its milk creation.
- Then again, creating nations represent 80% of the world’s all out milk imports.
- In spite of the fact that India is independent in milk generation, China imports about 30% of its milk necessity.
- About 51% of the worldwide exchange of milk, 45% of the worldwide exchange of skimmed milk powder (SMP), 38% of the worldwide exchange of spread oil, 35% of the worldwide exchange of cheddar happens in the RCEP area. In this manner, a portion of the significant players in the worldwide milk exchange is in the RCEP area.
Why Australia and New Zealand have a deep interest in the RCEP agreement?
- They were denied the rewarding markets in the U.S. after the death of the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), have had a profound enthusiasm for the RCEP understanding.
- Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) was the proposed economic agreement among the 12 Pacific Rim countries – Australia, Brunei, Canada, Chile, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore, the United States, and Vietnam.
- In any case, the US pulled back from the arrangement in Jan 2017.
India’s dairy Sector – A self-sufficient sector
- India’s dairy division gives business to around 70 million families. A key component of India’s dairy division is the transcendence of little makers.
- In 2017, if the normal crowd size in a dairy ranch was 191 in the U.S., 355 in Oceania, 148 in the U.K. furthermore, 160 in Denmark, it was only 2 in India
- However, because of Operation Flood after the 1960s, India’s commitment to world milk creation rose from 5% in 1970 to 20% in 2018.
- Thus, India doesn’t import or fare milk in any noteworthy amount.
- In 2033, India’s milk generation would ascend to 330 MMT while its milk request would be 292 MMT. In this way, India is probably going to be a milk-surplus nation by 2033
RCEP and possible impact on India’s dairy sector
- As of late, private players especially worldwide firms are opening shops in India. Swiss firm Nestlé was the biggest private buyer of milk in India in 2019. The French milk firm Lactalis entered India in 2014 and has taken over Tirumala Milk Products in Hyderabad, Anik Industries in Indore, and Prabhat Dairy.
- At present, these organizations are compelled to purchase milk from Indian ranchers. The explanation is that the applied tax for dairy items in India is about 35%.
- The bound tax would have tumbled to zero if the RCEP had happened. It would have then been undeniably increasingly gainful for firms to import milk from New Zealand or Australia instead of getting it from Indian ranchers.
- The unit cost of milk generation is moderately low in nations like New Zealand as a result of broad brushing lands (which diminish feed costs), motorized activities and the benefits of economies of enormous scale creation, and the high efficiency of milch creatures
- As per estimations made by Amul, if free imports of skimmed milk powder from New Zealand are allowed, the normal cost for milk got by an Indian dairy rancher would tumble to ₹19/l (directly it is ₹30/l).
- Additionally, the vocations of individuals would be affected. There are 70 million family units subject to dairy in India, the comparing number is only 10,000 in New Zealand and 6,300 in Australia.
- India needs to lessen the unit cost of milk generation improved feeds, automated activities and increment the efficiency of milch creatures.
- India ought to guarantee that its worries are tended to in the event that it needs to join RCEP later on, by giving sufficient space to the India government to secure Indian ranchers.
Connecting the dots:
- Joining RCEP would have had high socio-economic costs on Indian dairy farmers. Elaborate.
TOPIC: General Studies 2:
- Structure, organization, and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary
- Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions, and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.
- Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
- On Nov fifth, 2019, President Ram Nath Kovind marked a warrant to designate Justice Sharad A. Bobde as the following Chief Justice of India (CJI).
- The arrangement of Justice Bobde as the CJI gives new would like to every one of the partners in the organization of equity.
- It comes when the Supreme Court’s remaining among the individuals has significantly disintegrated.
The Contemporary Controversies
- Different discussions in the domain of legal arrangements and moves have surfaced in the previous four-five years raising worries about the vacillating institutional independence of the individuals from the higher legal executive in India’s sacred majority rule government.
- The legal executive has quit being the defender of the basic and other established rights.
- The legal executive has neglected to go about as the gatekeeper of the standard of law.
- Its one-sided job and inclusion in politically touchy cases (including residents, resistance groups, activists and official activities in everyday administration) are scrutinized.
- It has neglected to reestablish established rights and qualities in letter and soul.
- The outright intensity of the CJI to comprise seats and distribute cases as the ace of the list is regularly condemned.
B R Ambedkar was right in saying that although the CJI is a very eminent, person, “the Chief Justice is a man with all the failings, all the sentiments and all the prejudices which we as common people have…”
- A free and solid legal executive is an essential element of the Constitution.
- The Restatement of Values of Judicial Life (as received by the Full Bench of the Supreme Court on May 7, 1997) states that “equity must not be just done yet, in addition, must be believed to be finished.”
- The conduct and lead of individuals from the higher legal executive must re-assert individuals’ confidence in the fairness of the legal executive.
- Each judge should consistently be cognizant that he/she is under general society look.
- “Chosen political officials are considered as the central risk to majority rule government today”.
The way ahead/Conclusion
- The new CJI should work as the ace of the program in an autonomous and target way.
- The opportunity has already come and gone that the legal executive strides up to satisfy its sacred barrier job and guarantee that the Constitution isn’t decreased to simply one more authoritative report.
- The SC is held in the most elevated respect and should satisfy its heritage by making essential revisions.
Connecting the dots:
- If the judiciary is strong, the constitutional values of India can be successfully upheld. Critically examine.
(TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE)
Model questions: (You can now post your answers in the comment section)
Q.1) Consider the following statements about Alzheimer Disease
- It is a progressive brain disorder whereby a person loses the ability to perform day-to-day activities.
- India has approved the first home-grown drug “Oligomannate (GV-971)” for the treatment of “mild to moderate Alzheimer’s disease (AD).
Select the correct statements
- 1 Only
- 2 Only
- Both 1 and 2
- Neither 1 nor 2
Q.2) Consider the following statements
- The decision on a petition under the anti-defection law is taken by the Chairman/Speaker of the House, while a decision on disqualification petition on the office of profit under government allegedly being held by a member is taken by the Election Commission
- Decisions by Chairman/Speaker regarding the disqualification of members under anti-defection law are outside the purview of Judicial review.
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?
- 1 only
- 2 only
- Both 1 and 2
- Neither 1 nor 2
Q.3) Consider the following statements
- India’s per capita emissions were about 40% of the global average and contributed 7% to the global carbon dioxide burden.
- India has promised to reduce the emission intensity of its economy by 33-35% by 2030, compared to 1991 levels
Which of the following statements is/are correct?
- 1 only
- 2 only
- Both 1 and 2
- Neither 1 nor 2
Q.4) Idate Commission and Renke Commission dealt with which of the following areas?
- The reorganization of States on linguistic basis
- Repealing of AFSPA in North-eastern India and Kashmir.
- Identification & welfare of De-Notified, Nomadic and Semi-Nomadic Communities
- Women and Child empowerment
Q.5) Consider the following statements about the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI)
- It is established under the Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006.
- Recently it has proposed that foods high in fat, salt, and sugar (HFSS) cannot be sold to children in school canteens/mess premises/hostel kitchens or within 50 m of the school campus.
- Ministry of Food processing is the administrative Ministry of FSSAI.
Select the correct answer from the codes given below
- 1 and 2 only
- 2 and 3 only
- 1 and 3 only
- All of the above