IAS Current Affairs And News Analysis (15-07-2019)

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Highlights |IAS Current Affairs 15-07-2019

Current Affairs and News (15-07-2019)- The following article contains all the updated events and new for IAS Preparation. Our daily IAS Current Affairs and News cover the most important topics to give precise information to the reader and IAS Aspirants.

  • Visa-free year-long access for pilgrims to Kartarpur Sahib
  • India set for a new lunar trophy hunt 
  • Tirupati may run out of water in a month
  • Nearly half of sex offense cases not being investigated in time
  • Speed restrictions and sound alerts mooted for protection of dolphins
  • Ecological perils of discounting the future
  • Karnataka conundrum: Resignation, Disqualification, and defection 

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IAS Coaching Current Affairs 31-10-2019 are followed in the part below:

IAS Current Affairs and News Analysis (15-07-2019)

(PRELIMS + MAINS FOCUS)


Visa-free year-long access for pilgrims to Kartarpur Sahib

Part of Prelims and mains GS II International Relations 

In news

  • Pakistan consented to give year-long sans visa access for Indian travelers to the heavenly Gurdwara of Kartarpur Sahib.
  • It was consented to permit sans visa travel for the Indian international ID holders and OCI card-holders seven days every week.

Do you know?

  • The Kartarpur Corridor is a proposed fringe passageway between the neighboring countries of India and Pakistan, interfacing the Sikh altars of Dera Baba Nanak Sahib (situated in Punjab, India) and GurdwaraDarbar Sahib Kartarpur (in Punjab, Pakistan).
  • At present under arranging, the passageway is planned to enable strict lovers from India to visit the Gurdwara in Kartarpur, 4.7 kilometers (2.9 miles) from the Pakistan-India fringe, without a visa.
  • The Kartarpur Corridor was first proposed in mid-1999 by the head administrators of India and Pakistan, Atal Bihari Vajpayee and Nawaz Sharif, individually, as a component of the Delhi–Lahore Bus strategy.
  • The hallway will supposedly be finished before the 550th birth commemoration of Guru Nanak Dev in November 2019.
  • As of now travelers from India need to take transport to Lahore to get to Kartarpur, which is a 125 km venture, regardless of the way that individuals on the Indian side of the outskirt can physically observe GurdwaraDarbar Sahib Kartarpur on the Pakistani side. A raised stage has additionally been built for the equivalent on the Indian side, where individuals use binoculars to get a decent view.

India set for new lunar trophy hunt

Part of Prelims and mains GS III Science and Tech 

In news

  • Indian crucial its initial move towards contacting the moon, with a leggy lander and a six-wheeled meanderer.
  • The strategic chase for minerals and water ice stores that Chandrayaan-1 affirmed.
  • Chandrayaan-2’s voyage, starting at 2.51 a.m. on Monday, will last around 52 days.
  • At the point when it arrives on the moon, Chandrayaan-2 will make India the fourth nation to securely arrive on the lunar territory.
  • No space organization has arrived on the south post of the moon to date, making the arrival spot likewise notable

About Chandrayaan-2

  • Chandrayaan-2 Called to be the most mind-boggling crucial India up until this point.
  • Chandrayaan-2 will have two modules stacked together inside a dispatch vehicle — an orbiter and a lander. It will have a third module, the lunar wanderer.
  • ISRO has named the lander ‘Vikram’, after India’s space pioneer Vikram Sarabhai and wanderer ‘Pragyan’, which in Sanskrit implies astuteness.
  • The substantial lift rocket Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle – Mark III (GSLV Mk III), which will convey Chandryaan-2 to the Moon, is nicknamed as ‘Baahubali’.
  • The principal Indian lunar strategic arrive on Moon is being gone by two ladies — crucial RituKaridhal and the venture executive MuthayyaVanitha.
  • Chandrayaan-2 Moon strategic investigate for indications of water and helium-3 on the lunar surface and break down hull tests. The wanderer will send photos of the lunar surface inside 20 minutes of landing.

Tirupati may run out of water in a month

Part of Prelims and mains GS III Environment and ecology

In news

  • The sanctuary city, which draws in a large number of explorers consistently, will come up short on water in a month if the storm keeps on staying subtle.
  • At present, inhabitants get water in their taps once in three days. With Kalyani dam arriving at the dead stockpiling level.
  • After, Bengaluru, Chandigarh, and Chennai, Tirupati will be the following Indian city to face a water emergency.

Nearly half of sex offence cases not being investigated in time

Part of Prelims and mains GS II Social Justice 

In news

  • Examination concerning almost a large portion of the sexual offenses cases is not being finished inside the stipulated 60-day time frame, as indicated by an investigation of wrongdoing information of seven States.
  • In numerous states, the most optimized plan of attack courts assigned to deal with assault cases is likewise taking care of other criminal cases prompting a delay in decisions.
  • The Supreme Court noticed that preliminary had been finished in just 4% of the 24,000 instances of sexual offenses that were documented from January to June.

Steps Taken by Government

  • The Home Ministry propelled an examination instrument — Investigation Tracking System for Sexual Offenses (ITSSO) to screen and track time-bound examination. It is a piece of the Crime and Criminal Tracking Network and System (CCTNS) that interfaces more than 15,000 police headquarters the nation over.
  • To check sexual wrongdoings against ladies and kids, the Center affirmed the Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 2018 a year ago which recommended as far as possible for finishing of examination.

Speed restrictions and sound alerts mooted for protection of dolphins

Part of Prelims and mains GS III Environment and ecology 

In news

  • Confining the rates of vessels and blowing alarms and horns is the means by which the Ministry of Shipping intends to shield the number of inhabitants in the Ganges River Dolphin, in the nation’s one dolphin save through which National Waterway-1 associating Haldia to Varanasi passes.
  • The other relief measures, as indicated by the Ministry, incorporate fitting vessels with propeller gatekeepers and dolphin diverters to limit dolphin mishaps and utilizing non-lethal paints for painting vessels.

The Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary (VGDS)

  • The Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary (VGDS), from Sultanganj to Kahalganj on the Ganga in Bihar is the main dolphin asylum in the nation.
  • Specialists have pegged the number of inhabitants in the Ganges dolphin in VGDS from 150 to 200.
  • The environment of the Ganges dolphin isn’t restricted to the haven.

Criticism

Dolphins are hard to spot and considerably after they are spotted if alarms are sounded it won’t just upset them all the more yet additionally various other transient feathered creatures and amphibian fauna.

Do you know?

About Gangetic Dolphin

  • Ganges River Dolphin is set under “Imperiled Category” in the IUCN Red List.
  • The Ganges River dolphin, or susu, possesses the Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna and Karnaphuli-Sangu stream frameworks of Nepal, India, and Bangladesh.
  • It is compromised by the expulsion of waterway water and siltation emerging from deforestation, contamination, and entrapment in fisheries nets, and so on.

(MAINS FOCUS)


NATIONAL

TOPIC: General studies 3

  • Conservation, environmental pollution, and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

Ecological perils of discounting the future

Background 

  • In a report a year ago, the Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG) called the Chennai surges of 2015 a “synthetic catastrophe”, a pointer to how the infringement of lakes and waterway floodplains has driven India’s 6th biggest city to this ineluctable circumstance.
  • The Chennai floods are an image of steady human failings and poor urban structures which are regular to most urban focuses in India if not urban focus over the world.
  • Presently, Chennai is amidst another emergency — one of water shortage.

Visibility of environmental degradation 

Not at all like issues, for example, traffic clog or wrongdoing which are obvious, ecological corruption isn’t what a great many people can without much of a stretch see or feel in their consistently lives.

Subsequently, when the outcomes of such corruption start to unleash destruction, it gets hard to draw the connection between’s temperament’s vengeance with human failings.

Causes of Water crisis throughout India 

  • In Chennai, in excess of 30 waterbodies of importance have vanished in the previous century.
  • Concretisation or the expansion in cleared surfaces has influenced the permeation of water into the dirt, along these lines exhausting groundwater levels to a point of no arrival.
  • Urbanization without vision; Urbanization at the expense of recovering water bodies is a dish India marvel.
  • In Bengaluru, 15 lakes have lost their environmental character in under five years as per a High Court take note.
  • The lakes, which are currently infringed regions, discover use as a transport stand, an arena and, amusingly, as an office of the Pollution Control Board.
  • In Telangana, the byzantine system of tanks and lakes worked by the Kakatiya line has vanished throughout the years

Some of the successful case studies 

Mission Kakatiya

  • In Telangana, tanks have been the help of the State in light of its geological situating.
  • The State’s geography and precipitation example have made the tank water system a perfect sort of water system by putting away and controlling the water stream for horticultural use.
  • The Chief Minister of Telangana propelled a huge revival development in the type of “Strategic” which includes the rebuilding of water system tanks and lakes/minor water system sources worked by the Kakatiya tradition.
  • From the point of view of between generational equity, this is a move towards giving future ages in the State their legitimate portion of water and, subsequently, an existence of poise.

Sustainable hydraulic model

  • The city of Hyderabad is presently moving towards a feasible water-powered model with probably the best personalities in the nation chipping away at it.
  • This model incorporates six wellsprings of water in a manner that even the most immature regions of the city can have impartial access to water assets and the groundwater levels reestablished so as to keep away from a cataclysm of the sort that has grasped Chennai now.
  • Hyderabad and the bigger territory of Telangana remake its strength through a mix of political will and well-structured arrangements, for example, the Kaleshwaram Lift Irrigation Scheme and Mission.

Corporate social responsibility and PPP

  • Bengaluru recovered Kundalahalli lake (when a landfill) through corporate social obligation assets in a Public-Private Partnership model.

Way forward

  • Other urban focuses ought not to avoid embracing, rebuilding and executing probably the best water the board practices to stay away from catastrophe.
  • The is propensity of policymakers to limit the future and they are fixated of focussing on the present time and place.
  • It is assessed that in only a long time from now, half of India will live in urban areas accordingly long haul vision is fundamental.

Conclusion

  • On the off chance that we genuinely imagine an incredible future for this nation, we should not change the lives of half of our kin and the following ages who could be confronting an actual existence in urban communities dried by dry spell, stranded by floods, embarrassed by seismic tremors or torn by wars over new water.
  • What has occurred in Chennai now or what occurred in Kerala a year ago as floods are not an instance of setting alerts ringing, however one of blasts.
  • On the off chance that we don’t wake up now, we must be set up to face the results of nature unleashing incredible devastation on mankind. We would not require atomic bombs for our elimination.

Connecting the dots:

  • The water emergency in significant Indian urban areas is a reminder for approach creators. What are instances of economical advances being taken to contain the future emergency?

NATIONAL

TOPIC: General studies 2

  • Parliament and State legislatures—structure, functioning, the conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.

Karnataka conundrum: Resignation, Disqualification, and defection 

Introduction

  • In the scenery of the continuous emergency in Karnataka, the Supreme Court requested the Speaker of Karnataka to not to choose the issue of MLAs’ renunciation or preclusion.
  • It was contended in court that “the agitator MLAs are attempting to stay away from preclusion by offering renunciations.”
  • This is amazing, as the punishment for abandonment is lost administrative office.
  • Stopping the present post before joining another gathering is a legitimate and good commitment.

Disqualification vs Resignation

  • A precluded part can’t turn into a Minister without getting chose once more, though one who leaves can be accepted into an elective Cabinet without being apart.
  • Tolerating an acquiescence is a straightforward capacity of being fulfilled in the event that it is intentional, while preclusion is settled on proof and request.
  • Changing over abdication into an exclusion matter is an endeavor to deny a part’s entitlement to stop his seat in the assembly before joining another gathering, regardless of whether the traverse is a politically convenient measure.

Role of Speaker 

  • The Speaker as of now appreciates unprecedented powers under the Constitution.
  • Notwithstanding resistance from legal investigation for authoritative issues, for example, regardless of whether a Bill is a cash bill, managing officials get the opportunity to choose whether a part has brought about preclusion under the counter deserting law.
  • In spite of the fact that the choice is dependent upon legal audit, numerous Speakers have sidestepped legal investigation by only not following up on exclusion matters.
  • The inquiry whether the Speaker’s inaction can be tested in court is pending before another Constitution Bench.
  • Telangana, Andhra Pradesh ,and Tamil Nadu have examples of Speakers not following up on exclusion inquiries for quite a long time.

Do you know?

What is the anti-defection law?

  • Aaya Ram Gaya Ram was an expression that got famous in Indian legislative issues after a Haryana MLA Gaya Lal changed his gathering thrice around the same time in 1967.
  • The counter absconding law looked to anticipate such political surrenders which might be because of remuneration of office or other comparative contemplations.
  • The Tenth Schedule was embedded in the Constitution in 1985.

Tenth schedule

  • It sets out the procedure by which lawmakers might be precluded on grounds of abandonment by the Presiding Officer of an assembly dependent on an appeal by some other individual from the House.
  • An official is considered to have abandoned on the off chance that he either deliberately surrenders the enrollment of his gathering or ignores the mandates of the gathering initiative on a vote.
  • This infers a lawmaker opposing (declining or casting a ballot against) the gathering whip on any issue can lose his participation of the House. The law applies to both Parliament and state congregations.

Are there any exceptions under the law?

  • The law enables a gathering to converge with or into another gathering gave that at any rate 66% of its lawmakers are agreeable to the merger.
  • In such a situation, neither the individuals who choose to blend nor the ones who remain with the first party will confront exclusion.

Connecting the dots:

  • The counter deserting law and issuance of whips by ideological groups reduce the opportunity of freedom of MPS. Basically examine.

(TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE)


Model questions: (You can now post your answers in the comment section)

Q.1) Consider the following statements about The Kartarpur corridor,

  1. The Kartarpur Corridor is a proposed fringe hallway associating the Sikh places of worship of Dera Baba Nanak Sahib and GurdwaraDarbar Sahib Kartarpur.
  2. The Sikh altar of Dera Baba Nanak Sahib is situated in Punjab, Pakistan and GurdwaraDarbar Sahib Kartarpur in Punjab, India.

Select the correct statements

  1. Only 1
  2. Only 2
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.2) Consider the following statements about ‘Gangetic Dolphin’ Its

  1. IUCN status is “Basically imperiled”.
  2. It is discovered distinctly in Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary (VGDS)

Select the correct statements

  1. Only 1
  2. Only 2
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.3) The Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary (VGDS) is located in,

  1. Uttar Pradesh 
  2. Bihar
  3. Jharkhand 
  4. None of the above 

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