IAS Current Affairs And News Analysis (17-07-2019)

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Highlights |IAS Current Affairs 17-07-2019

Current Affairs and News (17-07-2019)- The following article contains all the updated events and new for IAS Preparation. Our daily IAS Current Affairs and News cover the most important topics to give precise information to the reader and IAS Aspirants.

  • Pakistan opens its airspace after 6 months 
  • Close polluting units in critical areas: NGT
  • All India Kisan Sabha (AIKS) demanded that the Centre scrap the Manual for Drought Management, 2016
  • Centre, Assam move SC for sample re-verification of NRC
  • Reducing Carbon emissions from road transport
  • Kisan Urja Suraksha evam Utthaan Mahabhiyan (KUSUM)

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IAS Coaching Current Affairs 31-10-2019 are followed in the part below:

IAS Current Affairs and News Analysis (17-07-2019)

(PRELIMS + MAINS FOCUS)


Pakistan opens its airspace after 6 months

Part of : Mains GS paper II – India and its neighbourhood- relations

In news : 

  • Pakistan revived its airspace for all flights right on time following a hole of a half-year
  • Pakistan shut its airspace in February after India did an airstrike against what it said was a fear monger preparing camp in A Pakistani area.

How does the curb affect India? 

  • Aircrafts needed to take a more drawn out course to their goals and consume more fuel,
  • stop halfway for refueling
  • List more pilots and lodge group as their obligation hours are directed.
  • An expansion in fuel costs, which establish 40% of an aircraft’s operational expenses

Advantage of lifting the curb on airspace

  • The move will profit Indian bearers just as the carriers that enter or leave Pakistan from its eastern outskirt with India.
  • Flights among Delhi and the west will see travel times drop by as long as four hours

Close polluting units in critical areas: NGT

Part of: Prelims and Mains GS paper III – Environmental pollution and degradation

In news: 

  • National Green Tribunal (NGT) has coordinated the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) to close down all dirtying businesses in “fundamentally contaminated” and “seriously dirtied” zones inside a quarter of a year.
  • It likewise guided all States and Union Territories to outfit a report on the measure of biomedical waste produced and requested that they set up normal treatment and transfer offices, if not done at this point.

Do you know?

  • National Green Tribunal was set up in 2010 under the National Green Tribunal Act, 2010 to discard cases having ecological repercussions.
  • It’s headed by a resigned judge of the incomparable court or being boss equity of high court and right around 20 specialists and 20 legal individuals.

Mandate of NGT

  • To discard cases managing any condition law infringement, preservation of woodlands and common assets.

Eg:

  • The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974
  • The Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974
  • The Environmental Protection Act ,1986
  • The Biological Diversity Act, 2002 and so on.
  • Indian woods act, 1927 and untamed life assurance act, 1972 are out of domain from this purview.

Powers:

  • Suggest punishments and fine
  • Suggest strategies for condition assurance
  • Transfer of cases inside a half-year
  • The requirement of any legitimate right identifying with condition
  • Giving help and pay for harms
  • Has intensity of civil courts

Significance

  • Lessens trouble on higher courts
  • Quicker goals of cases
  • The specific part carries effectiveness to equity
  • More affordable than courts

Satisfies sacred arrangement like article 21 for example right to clean condition and article 48(a) for example insurance of condition and protecting of backwoods

The fast pace of advancement is hurting the earth. The NGT gives a check and equalization to this.

It takes suo – moto cases like restricting the saltines, guiding states to accelerate activity to clean Ganga.


All India Kisan Sabha (AIKS) demanded that the Centre scrap the Manual for Drought Management, 2016

Part of : Mains GS paper III – Agricultural produce and issues

In news :

  • Manual for Drought Management, 2016, had changed how dry spells are pronounced and the conditions under which Central help can be looked for by influenced States.

Data:

  • Information from the India Meteorological Department appear over a large portion of the nation’s property region still faces precipitation deficiencies of over 20% this storm season.
  • Saurashtra and Kutch are the most noticeably terrible influenced district, with a 60% shortfall

Prior to 2016, it was viewed as a dry spell year in a specific territory if there was lacking precipitation and the harvest yield was under half of the normal of the past 10 years.

Manual for Drought Management, 2016 parameter

  • States are required to survey conditions utilizing five pointers: precipitation, horticulture, soil dampness, hydrology and harvest wellbeing.
  • The Manual enables States to demand for help from the National Disaster Response Fund if a dry spell is announced as “serious”. This can possibly occur if three effect pointers (aside from precipitation) fall into the “serious” classification,

These conditions are stringent to such an extent that a zone may not be authoritatively announced as confronting a serious dry season even while its ranchers are enduring


Centre, Assam move SC for sample re-verification of NRC

Part of : Mains GS paper II – Government arrangements and mediations for improvement in different areas and issues emerging out of their structure and usage.

In news : 

  • The Center and the State of Assam made a critical notice before the Chief Justice of India for an expansion of the cutoff time for conclusive distribution of the National Register of Citizens (NRC) for the State from July 31, 2019, to a “future date”.

Why?

To direct an “example re-check process” in connection to names remembered for the draft NRC distributed on July 30, 2018.

Background:

The principal draft of the refreshed National Register of Citizens (NRC) of Assam has been distributed as of late by the Office of the State Coordinator of NRC on December 31, 2017.

The goal behind refreshing and distributing the 1951 NRC is to assemble a rundown of the names of certifiable Indian residents living in Assam and, simultaneously, distinguish outsiders (read Bangladeshis) who may have unlawfully entered the state after March 24, 1971.

The distribution of the underlying NRC list is the result of a long-standing interest of the Assamese individuals to distinguish and expel unlawful Bangladeshi transients from their state.

  • The Assam Accord of 1985 didn’t contain a particular notice of refreshing the NRC.
  • The Government of India established various Tribunals and Appellate Courts under both the Illegal Migrants (Determination by Tribunals) Act of 1983 and the Foreigners Tribunal Act of 1964 to recognize unlawful Bangladeshis.
  • In May 2005 that the initial move towards refreshing the NRC of 1951 was taken, when a tripartite gathering between the Center, the Assam government and AASU was held to audit the advancement made in the usage of the Assam Accord.
  • Progressive governments have been incredibly hesitant to refresh the NRC of 1951 because of different political contemplations and personal stakes. Preeminent Court requested the Union and State governments to start the way toward refreshing of the NRC in Assam.
  • As needs be, the Ministry of Home Affairs, gave the notice for beginning crafted by refreshing the NRC. The Supreme Court established a Committee “to deal with any explanation that would be required as to the modalities in the arrangement of the NRC.”

(MAINS FOCUS)


ENVIRONMENT

TOPIC: General studies 3:

  • Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation
  • Impact of Climate Change and Global Warming

Reducing Carbon emissions from road transport

Introduction:
Clogged avenues and dirtied air are regular encounters in India’s cities.

Delhi best the diagrams and outflows are more than twice as high as other Indian megacities, for example, Mumbai, Bengaluru or Ahmedabad.

India’s street transport emanations are little in worldwide examination however is expanding exponentially. The Global Carbon Project reports that India’s carbon outflows are rising multiple occasions as quick as the worldwide ascent in 2018.

Decreasing CO2 discharges of street transport use various co-benefits, for instance, improving air quality and expanding physical action, which are basic for prosperity, especially in urban zones

Factors:

  • Atmosphere activity requires a comprehension of how outflows shift with the spatial setting. Pay and urbanization are the key determinants of movement separation and travel mode decision and, in this manner, driving outflows.
  • The manner in which urban communities are constructed and the structure of open travel is basic for low-carbon versatility frameworks.
  • Normal per-capita driving outflows are most noteworthy for the most prosperous areas, which are dominatingly urban, and that vigorously utilize four-wheelers for driving. Interestingly, the normal per capita driving outflows are most minimal for Indian areas that are poor, and driving separations are short and once in a while utilize three-wheelers.

Way ahead:

  • Focusing on well-being:

Chairmen and town organizers ought to sort out urban areas around open vehicle and cycling, in this way improving portability for some, while restricting vehicle use. Take-up of non-mechanized vehicle rises as a sweet spot of maintainable advancement, bringing about both lower discharges and better general wellbeing in urban areas.

As indicated by the ongoing National Family Health Survey (2015-16), about 30% of all men are overweight or corpulent in southwest Delhi, yet just 25% in Thiruvananthapuram and 13% in Allahabad. These information relate with high dependence of vehicle use in Delhi and low interest for strolling.

Increment in cycling will bring down incessant illnesses, for example, diabetes and cardiovascular maladies, while additionally lessening discharges. Vehicle use, interestingly, relates with higher paces of diabetes.

Fuel cost expands, blockage charges or stopping the board could be a procedure that improves the prosperity of people living in urban zones.

  • Technology transition:

India should twofold down in its system to progress to electric two and three-wheelers.

India is the third-biggest market for cars and is one of the world’s biggest makers and purchasers in two-and three-wheelers and Indian organizations can play a main job in changing to electric vehicles. This will likewise help in changing India’s vision of ‘Make in India’.

  • City planning:

Conservative urban communities improve openness and lessen discharges from ship and even the structure area. Most Indian urban areas are as of now thick, with not many benefits expected by further tall building.

City supervisors ought to guarantee that current urban zones give short courses and quick access to schools, emergency clinics and occupations, generally, occupants would be required to travel long separations.

Conclusion:
Giving access to open assistance, picking fast travel over vehicle driving in urban areas and supporting the ascent of electric two and three-wheelers will help drive India to a cutting edge and low-carbon transport framework fit for the 21st century.

Connecting the dots:

  • Lessening CO2 discharges of street transport use various co-benefits, for instance, improving air quality and expanding physical action, which are basic for prosperity, especially in urban regions. Remark.

NATIONAL

TOPIC:

General studies 2:

  • Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation

General studies 3:

  • Indian agriculture

Kisan Urja Suraksha evam Utthaan Mahabhiyan (KUSUM)

Introduction:
Not long ago, the Cabinet affirmed the Kisan Urja Suraksha evam Utthaan Mahabhiyan (KUSUM).

With a Budget allotment of Rs. 34,000 crore and a comparable commitment anticipated from the States, KUSUM intends to give vitality adequacy and economical water system access to ranchers. It is additionally fundamental to accomplish the nation’s 100 GW sun powered objective by 2022.

Present situation:

  • At present, in spite of blossoming ranch control sponsorships, about 30 million ranchers, particularly negligible landholders, utilize costly diesel for their water system needs as they have no entrance to power.
  • The greater part of India’s net planted zone remains unirrigated.

Three components of the scheme:

  • 10,000 MW of de-concentrated ground-mounted network associated inexhaustible power plants.
  • Establishment of 17.50 lakh independent sun oriented fueled farming siphons.
  • Solarisation of 10 lakh network associated sun-powered fueled horticultural siphons

Way ahead:

  • Addressing inequity between States:

KUSUM should mean to lessen the current difference among States with respect to sun based siphons sending and water system get to.

Chhattisgarh and Rajasthan together record for about portion of the two lakh sun based siphons presently conveyed in the nation. Then again, States, for example, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, and West Bengal, where the entrance of diesel siphons is among the most noteworthy, have not figured out how to convey any critical number of sunlight based siphons.

This divergence features poor State spending distribution towards sun oriented siphons and the absence of activity by State nodal organizations.

To energize increasingly fair sending of 17.5 lakh off-matrix siphons by 2022, the Center ought to boost States through target-connected money related help and make roads for peer learning.

  • Addressing inequity within a State:

90% of Bihar’s ranchers are little and minor. However, they have gotten just half of government sponsorships on sunlight based siphons. Then again, in Chhattisgarh, about 95% of recipients are from socially impeded gatherings because of the command of the State.

Gaining from these differentiating models, a portion of focal money related help under KUSUM ought to be appropriated for ranchers with little landholdings and having a place with socially hindered gatherings.

  • Addressing inequity between farmers:

Rather than a one-size-fits-all methodology, KUSUM ought to give more noteworthy budgetary help to littler ranchers.

KUSUM proposes a 60% sponsorship for the siphons, borne similarly by the Center and the States, and the staying 40% will be the rancher’s commitment — 10% as up front installment and 30% through advances.

This one-sided financing approach will intensify the between rancher divergence given the disparity in access to credit and reimbursement limit among little and huge ranchers.

A higher capital appropriation backing to little and peripheral ranchers and long haul credits with intrigue sponsorships for huge and medium ranchers would be a progressively practical and evenhanded other option.

KUSUM ought not charm a specific area of ranchers with shallow goals.

  • Solarising existing grid-connected pumps, as proposed under the scheme, needs a complete rethink.
    Existing framework associated ranchers, who have delighted in control sponsorships for quite a long time, would get the equivalent budgetary help as that got by an off-lattice rancher. What’s more, they would acquire ordinary pay from the DISCOM on nourishing surplus power, facilitating the biased appropriation of citizens’ assets.
  • Solarising grid-connected pumps must include replacement of the pump.
    Poor effectiveness levels of the current siphons would mean pointless oversizing of the sun powered boards and lesser accessible vitality to sustain into the network.
  • It is additionally fundamental that circulation organizations pay reasonable rates to ranchers for the power they buy from their sunlight based exhibits.
  • The plan holds the capability of empowering ranchers to become exporters of clean sun oriented vitality from merchants of financed vitality.

Conclusion:

Whenever planned better and executed adequately, KUSUM holds the possibility to launch the Indian water system economy from a period buried in unending endowment, temperamental stock, and biased appropriation of assets to a system of reasonable, dependable, and fair access to vitality and water.

Connecting the dots:

  • KUSUM could drastically change the water system economy if the administration picks a methodology of value by structure and reasonability over populism. Investigate.

(TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE)


Model questions: (You can now post your answers in the comment section)

Q.1) Consider the following statements about ‘Kaziranga National Park’

  1. It has the biggest populace of the Wild water bison
  2. It has been recognized as an Important Bird Area by Birdlife International
  3. It is a World Heritage Site

Select the correct statements

  1. 1 and 2
  2. 2 and 3
  3. 1 and 3
  4. All of the above

Q.2) Which of the following statements is/are correct about National Green Tribunal (NGT)?

  1. The foundation of NGT made National Environment Appellate Authority ancient.
  2. Mumbai is one of the spots of sitting of Tribunal.

Code:

  1. Only 1
  2. Only 2
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. None of the above

Q.3) Which of the following statements is/are correct?

  1. All India Kisan Sabha (All India Peasants Union)was the name of the laborers front of the unified Communist Party of India
  2. The Kisan Sabha development began in Bihar

Choose correct code:

  1. Only 1
  2. Only 2
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. None of the above

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