UPSC Exam Current Affairs and News Analysis (06-01-2020)

upsc exam current affairs 06-01-2020

Highlights |UPSC Exam Current Affairs 06-01-2020

UPSC exam current affairs 06-01-2020 The following article contains all the updated events and news for IAS Preparation. Our daily IAS Current Affairs and News cover the most important topics to give precise information to the reader and IAS Aspirants.

  • Belum Caves
  • Ude Desh Ka Aam Nagrik (UDAN): Calls for objective assessment & transparency of the scheme
  • Drosophila conference: To be held in India for the first time
  • World Trade Organization: U.S. crippled the functioning of the WTO
  • Interstate border dispute: Maharashtra-Karnataka Belgaum tension (Part-2)

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UPSC Exam Current Affairs and News Analysis (06-01-2020

Belum Caves

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-I- Geography

In News

  • Belum Caves in Andhra Pradesh is the second-longest collapse the Indian subcontinent open to general society. The cavern is second common cavern simply after Krem Liat Prah collapses Meghalaya.
  • Belum caverns are prestigious for their speleothem structures, for example, stalactite and stalagmite arrangements.
  • With long sections, slender displays, and open tanks loaded up with freshwater, this cavern was framed through the span of countless years by the consistent progression of underground water from the now-vanished waterway Chitravathi.
  • The caverns hold monstrous authentic importance as there are a few signs that these were involved by Jain and Buddhist priests numerous hundreds of years back.

Smog Towers: Delhi gets its first tower to tackle pollution

Part of: GS Prelims and GS Mains III- Environment Conservation.

In News

  • Brown haze towers are structures intended to fill in as huge scale air purifiers.
  • These air channels will attract the air through fans introduced at the top before going it through the channels and discharging it close to the ground.
  • The channels introduced in the pinnacle will utilize carbon nanofibres as a significant segment and will concentrate on decreasing particulate issue load.
  • The Supreme Court had coordinated the Center and the Delhi government to set up an arrangement to introduce ‘exhaust cloud towers’ over the money to manage air contamination.
  • The 100m Xi’an tower in China which is named the universes biggest has allegedly cut down PM 2.5 by 19% in a territory of around 6 sq km in its region.

Human Space Flight Centre (HSFC): To be established in Karnataka

Part of: GS Prelims and GS Mains –III- Space Science & Technology

In News

  • India’s reality class office for preparing space travellers will come up at Challakere, a shrubby, bone-dry oilseeds town in Karnataka. will be the single-quit combining framework and exercises identified with space explorers.
  • It will be an independent office there so that in future, whatever preparation and exercises India is presently doing in Russia for the Gaganyaan team should all be possible here.

About Gaganyaan

  • Gaganyaan is the human space flight program under which 3 Indian space explorers will go into space by 2022. This will be finished by utilizing its very own capacities. A GSLV-Mk III dispatch vehicle will lift them to their circle.
  • In the event that effective, India would turn into the fourth country to direct a human space flight program after USSR/Russia, USA and China.

Bibi Ka Maqbara

Part of: GS Prelims

In News

  • It is a tomb situated in Aurangabad, Maharashtra.
  • The structure, known as the ‘Taj of the Deccan’ due to its striking likeness to the Taj Mahal, was appointed by Emperor Aurangzeb in 1660 in the memory of his better half Dilras Banu Begum.

Ude Desh Ka Aam Nagrik (UDAN): Calls for objective assessment & transparency of the scheme

Part of: GS Prelims and GS II- Governance

In News

  • The Air Passengers Association of India needs UDAN plan to be calibrated and recalibrated with subtleties of the plan to be made open – cash spent by the administration in aircraft appropriations, the number of courses suspended.
  • 35 lakh travellers have profited the advantage under the plan since its initiation

Value Addition for Prelims

  • Ude Desh Ka Aam Nagrik (UDAN) was propelled in 2016 to make air travel moderate for individuals through sponsored ticket rates and to give air availability to littler towns.
  • So as to grow UDAN to worldwide circuits, Center has likewise revealed the International Air Connectivity (IAC) conspire.

Saras Mk2

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-III- Security

In News

  • It is a light vehicle flying machine which is indigenously created by National Aerospace Laboratory (NAL)
  • The 19-seater flying machine, created with an objective expense of ₹50 crores, is in any event 20-25% lower in cost than other airship in a comparative classification.
  • NAL is been pitching Saras Mk-2 for the administration’s UDAN (Ude Desh Ka Aam Nagrik), since it has the ability to work in “sick prepared”, “semi-arranged” and “unpaved airstrips”.

Scientific Social Responsibility

Part of: GS Prelims 

In News

  • Under this program, scientists who are taking a shot at a science venture subsidized by any of the Ministries under the Central government should embrace exercises to promote science and make it increasingly available to people in general.
  • The focus would draw up a rundown of exercises which could be taken up under the Scientific Social Responsibility program, that was like Corporate Social Responsibility.
  • The exercises could run from heading off to colleges conveying addresses, composing an article in a magazine or accomplishing something past the educational program.
  • The move would not just conquer any hindrance between look into organizations and the regular people, yet additionally, assist researchers with sharpening their relational abilities.

Drosophila conference: To be held in India for the first time

Part of: GS Prelims 

In News

  • Drosophila is a variety of two-winged flies regularly known as natural product flies.
  • Pune is set to have the fifth version of the Asia-Pacific Drosophila Research Conference which is being sorted out in the nation just because by the Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER).
  • Its genome is totally sequenced and there is gigantic data accessible about its natural chemistry, physiology and conduct,
  • Drosophila is one of the most generally utilized and favoured model creatures in organic research over the world throughout the previous 100 years.
  • Roughly 60% of a gathering of promptly distinguished qualities that are transformed, enhanced, or erased in a various arrangement of human illnesses have a partner in Drosophila.

(MAINS FOCUS)


POLITY

TOPIC: General Studies 2:

  • Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.

World Trade Organization: U.S. crippled the functioning of the WTO

Context:

  • As of late, the U.S. decided to spike the Appellate Body of WTO by starving assets for its working.
  • The US slowed down the determination procedure for filling six openings at the Appellate Body. Thus, the Appellate Body is left with just a single part, who won’t have the option to convey any decisions on pending exchange questions (at least three individuals is required to settle any contest).

Why the US Chose to spike?

  • Investigative Body has presented obstacles to the U.S. for embracing one-sided measures. A few U.S.
  • arrangements for forcing countervailing and against dumping measures were seen as conflicting with centre arrangements of the WTO understandings.
  • At long last, the U.S. decided to spike the Appellate Body by turning to starve assets for its working just as obstructing the choice procedure for filling six opportunities.
  • Therefore, the Appellate Body is left with just a single part, who won’t have the option to convey any decisions on the pending exchange questions.
  • At least three individuals are required to mediate any contest.

World Trade Organization’s Appellate Body :

  • For the appropriate implementation of exchange governs, an authoritative, two-arrange debate settlement framework was set up at the World Trade Organization during the 1990s.
  • The Appellate Body is the platform of the debate settlement framework, with seven standing individuals.

Working:

  • In the main stage for mediating exchange questions, a board would choose cases brought before it by the individuals. Decisions gave by the boards can be claimed at the Appellate Body.
  • As a major aspect of the second-phase of settling, the Appellate Body can maintain, adjust or invert the legitimate discoveries and determinations of aboard.
  • The Appellate Body’s choices are conclusive and embraced inside 30 days by the question settlement body.
  • Assents can be forced on a part if there should be an occurrence of its inability to conform to the Appellate Body’s decisions.

Cases dealt:

  • Cases including exchange cures, for example, countervailing and hostile to dumping measures and the utilization of a questionable practice considered the focusing technique that expanded the counter dumping obligations.

Significance:

  • The foundation of the Appellate Body has given teeth and believability to the guidelines based multilateral exchanging framework.
  • In addition, it gave security and consistency in the multilateral exchanging framework.

India’s Stand:

  • “At the centre of a working multilateral exchanging framework is a successful contest goals component.” Although not great, the question settlement framework has prompted important decreases in unreasonable exchange rehearses and has reinforced the principles-based universal exchanging framework.” The U.S. has been one of the greater clients of the debate settlement framework and furthermore a recipient “of this open great,” India stated, alerted that “except if the Membership demonstrations in show … to lift the square on AB opportunities, we will lose this open great which has served we all so well.”

Impact:

  • It is a colossal misfortune for most of WTO individuals who are for the most part creating and poor nations.
  • they “do not have the political and monetary clout to implement their privileges and secure their inclinations in a framework represented by power and not rules.

Conclusion:

  • The nonappearance of the Appellate Body will make a wilderness raj and prepares for a precarious drop into the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, 1947 guidelines.

Connecting the dots:

  • How do you think it impacts India?
  • Do you think the US will change its stand?
  • Is the World Trade Organization dying?

HISTORY

TOPIC: General Studies 1:

  • Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country

Interstate border dispute: Maharashtra-Karnataka Belgaum tension (Part-2)

In news:

  • As of late Bus benefits among Kolhapur and Belgaum were suspended after the decades-old fringe question among Maharashtra and Karnataka erupted once more.
  • Different Kannada associations had organized dissent in Belgaum and copied the model of Maharashtra Chief Minister Uddhav Thackeray.

Controversy 

  • In 1957, insulted by the usage of the States Reorganization Act, 1956, Maharashtra requested rearrangement of its outskirt with Karnataka.
  • It conjured Section 21 (2) (b) of the Act and presented an update to the Ministry of Home Affairs expressing its issue with Marathi-talking territories being added to Karnataka.
  • It asserted a zone of 2,806 square miles that included 814 towns, and three urban settlements of Belagavi, Karwar and Nippani with a complete populace of about 6.7 lakh, all piece of the Mumbai Presidency before freedom.
  • The towns are spread crosswise over Belagavi and Uttar Kannada in north-western Karnataka, and Bidar and Gulbarga areas in north-eastern Karnataka — all circumscribing Maharashtra.
  • at the point when a four-part board of trustees was framed by the two States, Maharashtra communicated readiness to move prevalently Kannada-talking 260 towns with a populace of about 3.25 lakh and the all-out zone of 1,160 square miles in lieu of tolerating its interest for 814 towns and three urban settlements, which was turned somewhere near Karnataka.
Daily Current Affairs IAS | UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam – 6th January 2020
Daily Current Affairs IAS | UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam – 6th January 2020

SRC:Newsminute

Remember:

  • Karnataka announced Belagavi its subsequent capital, holds its winter session at the recently developed Vidhan Soudha, changed the name of Belgaum to Belagavi and furthermore held the World Kannada Summit there — all over the most recent 15 years.
  • In 2004, Maharashtra moved toward the Supreme Court for a settlement under Article 131(b) of the Constitution.
  • Karnataka has scrutinized the suit. With one of the judges recusing, the court needs to set up another seat.

Maharashtra’s claim:

  • Maharashtra’s case to look for the correction of its fringe was based on contiguity, relative etymological dominant part and wishes of the individuals.
  • On the off chance that the case over Belagavi and encompassing zones depended on Marathi-talking individuals and phonetic homogeneity, it laid its case over Karwar and Supa where Konkani is spoken by referring to Konkani as a lingo of Marathi.
  • Its contention depended on the hypothesis of the town being the unit for estimation and identified etymological populace in every town.
  • Maharashtra likewise calls attention to the chronicled truth that the income records in these Marathi-talking territories are additionally kept in Marathi.

Karnataka’s position:

  • Karnataka has contended that the settlement of limits according to the States Reorganization Act is conclusive.
  • The limit of the State was neither speculative nor adaptable.
  • The State contends that the issue would revive fringe gives that have not been mulled over under the Act and that such an interest ought not to be allowed. At first, Karnataka was available to changing the fringe in the 10-mile belt from the drawn limit.
  • Karnataka likewise brings up that when Congress, which redrew its circles on etymological premise in 1920, included Belagavi in the Karnataka Provincial Congress Committee. Additionally, the States Reorganization Commission vested Belagavi with Karnataka.

Way forward:

  • In 1960, the two States consented to set up a four-man board of trustees with two agents from each State.
  • With the exception of on the issue of contiguity, the board couldn’t land at a consistent choice, and individual delegates submitted reports to their legislature.
  • Between the 1960s and 1980s, boss pastors of Karnataka and Maharashtra have met a few times to discover an answer for the vexed issue however with no profit.

Central govt’s stand:

  • In 1966, the Center reported setting up a one-man commission under previous Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of India Meher Chand Mahajan to investigate fringe issues between Karnataka (at that point Mysore state) and Maharashtra.
  • The commission was additionally approached to investigate Karnataka’s interest for the incorporation of Kannada-talking regions in Kasargod in Kerala.
  • Karnataka looked for regions in Kolhapur, Sholapur and Sangli areas from Maharashtra, and Kasargod from Kerala.
  • The commission dismissed Maharashtra’s case over Belagavi city while suggesting the exchange of around 260 towns in the outskirt to Maharashtra and around 250 towns in Maharashtra to Karnataka.
  • Maharashtra said the report was conflicting and it’s very own unreasonable use guideline. It additionally said the report was not a last word on the issue. Karnataka, be that as it may, consented to the report.

Connecting the dots:

  • Do you think this dispute is detrimental to the integrity of the country?
  • How do you think the dispute can be resolved?

(TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE)


Model questions: (You can now post your answers in the comment section)

Q.1) Consider the following statements about Smog Towers

  1. These air filters shall draw in the air through fans installed at the top before passing it through the filters and releasing it near the ground.
  2. The filters generally use carbon nanofibres as a major component and will focus on reducing particulate matter load.

Which of the above statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.2) Consider the following statements about Saras Mk2

  1. It is a light transport aircraft which is indigenously developed by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL)
  2. It will be ideal for commuter connectivity under the UDAAN scheme and other applications like aerial search/survey, executive transport, disaster management and border patrol

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.3) Belum Caves is located in which state of India? 

  1. Kerala
  2. Maharashtra
  3. Andhra Pradesh
  4. Karnataka

Q.4) Consider the following statements about Gaganyaan Mission

  1. It is ISRO’s human space flight programme under which 3 Indian astronauts will go into space by 2022.
  2. The Russian launch vehicle will lift Indian astronauts to their orbit.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2


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