UPSC Exam | Current Affairs and News Analysis (12-02-2020)

UPSC Exam Current Affairs and News Analysis (12-02-2020)

upsc exam current affairs 12-02-2020

Highlights |UPSC Exam Current Affairs 12-02-2020

UPSC exam current affairs 12-02-2020 The following article contains all the updated events and news for IAS Preparation. Our daily IAS Current Affairs and News cover the most important topics to give precise information to the reader and IAS Aspirants.

  • Implementation of Skill India at odds with political economy
  • Hampi World Heritage site
  • Cleaning of drains & septic tanks claims 110 lives in 2019
  • Indian Polity
  • Indian Polity & Governance

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UPSC Exam Current Affairs 12-02-2020 are followed in the part below:

UPSC Exam Current Affairs and News Analysis (12-02-2020)

Implementation of Skill India at odds with political economy

Part of: GS Prelims –Polity and GS-II- Govt Policies 

In news:

An investigation by the National Institute of Advanced Studies (NIAS) and the Institute for Social and Economic Change (ISEC) has uncovered

  • The execution of the Skill India approach has not adequately tied down the truth of India’s political economy.
  • The prevalence of casual assistance work — even in the composed segment — makes the fate of the talented help specialist nearly as sombre as that of the untalented labourer.

From Prelims point of view

Skill India Mission

  • Ability India Mission is an activity of the Government of India, propelled by the Prime Minister on the sixteenth of July 2015 with an expert to prepare more than 40 crore individuals in India in various aptitudes by 2022.
  • It includes various initiatives of the government like 
    • National Skill Development Mission, 
    • National Policy for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship, 2015, 
    • Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) 
    • Skill Loan scheme

Hampi World Heritage site

Part of: GS Prelims Art & Culture and GS-I- Heritage

In news:

  • The Supreme Court affirmed the Karnataka government specialists’ choice to crush structures developed in Virupapura Gaddi, an oval islet shaped by the Tungabhadra and found west of the Hampi World Heritage site.
  • The developments were infringing upon the Mysore Ancient and Historical Monuments and Archeological Sites and Remain Act of 1961.

From Prelims point of view

  • Gathering of Monuments at Hampi is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
  • situated in east-focal Karnataka, India
  • It turned into the journey focal point of the Hindu religion.
  • It was the capital of the Vijayanagara Empire in the fourteenth century
  • Hampi was a prosperous, well off and stupendous city close to the Tungabhadra River,
  • Hampi-Vijayanagara was the world’s second-biggest medieval-time city in the wake of Beijing, India’s most extravagant around then,
  • Vijayanagara Empire was crushed by an alliance of Muslim sultanates;
  • its capital was vanquished, looted and wrecked by sultanate armed forces in 1565, after which Hampi stayed in ruins
  • Portrayed by UNESCO as a “grave, self-important site”
  • Incorporates “fortresses, riverside highlights, illustrious and holy edifices, sanctuaries, hallowed places, pillared lobbies, mandapas, remembrance structures, water structures and others there is proof of Ashokan epigraphy, and it is referenced in the Ra Virupaksha Temple, a functioning Adi Shankara-connected religious community and different landmarks having a place with the old city.
Daily Current Affairs IAS | UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam – 12th February 2020

SRC :Hampi


Cleaning of drains & septic tanks claims 110 lives in 2019

Part of: GS Prelims –Polity and GS-II- Vulnerable section

In news:

  • Number of individuals who kicked the bucket while cleaning sewers and septic tanks in the nation expanded by practically 62% from 68 of every 2018 to 110 out of 2019, Social Justice and Empowerment (SJE)
  • Service manual searching is restricted under the Prohibition of Employment as Manual Scavengers and their Rehabilitation Act, 2013.
Daily Current Affairs IAS | UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam – 12th February 2020

Src: The Hindu

From Prelims point of view

Denial of Employment as Manual Scavengers and their Rehabilitation Act, 2013

  • The law denies the work of manual scroungers, the manual cleaning of sewers and septic tanks without defensive gear and the development of insanitary lavatories.
  • The law likewise gives a recovery of manual foragers and elective work to them inside the time-bound way.
  • From now onwards, the development and upkeep of the madness toilets have become an offence, subsequently, nobody can be utilized or connected as the manual forager.

National Commission for Safai Karamcharis (NCSK)

  • NCSK was comprised as a statutory body under the NCSK ACT, 1993.
  • Investigate matters concerning the Safai Karamcharis’ welfare and makes suggestions to the administration.

1.25 lakh to attend ‘Kem chho Trump’ show

Part of: GS Prelims –International  and GS-II- International relations

In news:

  • The initiation of the new Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Stadium, the biggest cricket arena on the planet.
  • Mr Trump and Prime Minister Narendra Modi will hold the “Kem chho Trump” (Howdy Trump) occasion at the arena Mahatma Gandhi’s preferred song, “Vaishnav Jan to” will be played out of sight music.

From Prelims Point of view :

Vaishnava Jana To

  • Vaishnava Jana To is a Hindu bhajan, written in the fifteenth century by the artist Narsinh Mehta in the Gujarati language.
  • The sonnet talks about the life, beliefs and attitude of a Vaishnava Jana (an adherent of Vaishnavism).

Received privilege motion against Minister: Speaker

Part of: GS Prelims –Polity and GS-II- Parliament 

In news:

  • Lok Sabha Speaker Om Birla got the notification of benefit movement

From Prelims Point of view :

Privilege motion :

  • Rights and invulnerability delighted in by individuals from Parliament, separately and all in all, with the goal that they can “successfully release their capacities”.
  • At the point when any of these rights and invulnerability are ignored, the offence is known as a rupture of benefit and is culpable under the law of Parliament
  • A notification is moved as a movement by any individual from either House against those being held blameworthy of rupture of benefit.
  • Speaker/RS executive is the primary degree of investigation of a benefit movement.
  • The Speaker/Chair can settle on the benefits movement oneself or allude it to the benefits advisory group of Parliament

(MAINS FOCUS)


Indian Polity

Topic: General Studies 2:

  • Statutory, administrative and different semi-legal bodies.

LOKPAL – Six-Year on but still a non-starter

Lokpal (and Lokayuktas at State level) are statutory bodies set up under the Lokpal and Lokayukta Act, 2013

They play out the capacity of an “ombudsman” and ask into charges of debasement against certain open functionaries and for related issues.

Powers of Lokpal

  • Ward of Lokpal incorporates Prime Minister, Ministers, Members of Parliament, Groups A, B, C and D officials and authorities of Central Government.
  • Ward of the Lokpal incorporated the Prime Minister with the exception of on claims of defilement identifying with worldwide relations, security, the open request, nuclear vitality and space.
  • The Lokpal Act orders that every open authority ought to outfit the benefits and liabilities of themselves just as their separate wards.
  • It has the forces to superintendence over, and to provide guidance to CBI.
  • It has been vested with the forces of a common court.
  • It is engaged under the law to set up its own request wing headed by a Director of Inquiry and its own arraignment wing headed by a Director of Prosecution
  • Lokpal has forces of reallocation of advantages, continues, receipts and advantages emerged or obtained by methods for debasement in uncommon conditions.
  • Lokpal has the ability to prescribe move or suspension of local official associated with a charge of defilement.

However, the implementation of the act has been poor due to reason like

Delay in appointment:

  • For over a long time since the institution of actin 2013, the executive and individuals from the Lokpal were not selected.
  • The legislature guaranteed that since nobody could be perceived as the Leader of the Opposition (LoP) after the 2014 general political decision, the board answerable for choosing individuals from the Lokpal couldn’t be comprised.
  • The executive and individuals from the Lokpal were delegated distinctly in March 2019 after a request from the Supreme Court

Actual Composition of the select committee:

  • A shortened determination council, without the LoP, was set up – PM, Speaker, CJI and Eminent legal adviser (Mukul Rohatgi – previous Attorney General of India) – to establish Lokpal in March 2019
  • The four-part determination council was hence observed as having dominance of agents of the decision party.
  • This raised questions about the autonomy of the Lokpal even before it got operational.

Failure to Operationalize Lokpal – 

  • Over 10 months subsequent to comprising Lokpal, the legislature has not made standards recommending the structure for documenting objections to the Lokpal.
  • The Central government has additionally neglected to figure rules with respect to resource exposure by community workers
  • The request and indictment wings of the counter defilement ombudsman are yet to be set up.
  • The Lokpal has likewise not delegated the Director of Inquiry or Prosecution
  • Guidelines which the Lokpal was committed to making under the law are yet to be made, including those indicating the way and methodology of directing fundamental request and examination.
  • The acquiescence of its legal part, Justice Dilip B. Bhosale, for undisclosed reasons, has additionally imprinted the picture of the foundation.
  • The veracity of Statistics on Lokpal Website: The site of the Lokpal states that it examined 1,065 grumblings got till September 30, 2019, and discarded 1,000.
  • Since vital strategies to operationalise the law are yet to be set up, the legitimate veracity of the choices of the Lokpal might be tested in a courtroom.

Conclusion

  • Lokpal was concurred a high stature and enabled broad forces including to ask, explore and indict demonstrations of defilement.
  • Without the imperative guidelines, guidelines and apparatus set up, it isn’t astounding that the Lokpal has neglected to meet desires.
  • The administration should take pressing measure to outline the essential principles and guidelines to give genuine teeth and capacity to Lokpal

Indian Polity & Governance

Topic: General Studies 3:

  • Indian Economy and issues identifying with arranging, preparation, of assets, development, advancement and business

Innovation in India-  National Bio-Entrepreneurship Competition (NBEC)

India is home to the third-biggest assemblage of new companies, after the US, and China with pioneers thinking of base up science-based answers for difficulties

India’s greatest profound science thoughts stage that has to prevail with regards to arriving at 34 of 36 states/UTs – National Bio-Entrepreneurship Competition (NBEC)

About NBEC

  • It is a national stage for bio-business visionaries to display their creative business thoughts with critical cultural effect in the existence of sciences space
  • It is a joint activity by BIRAC (an exploration help non-benefit built up by the administration’s division of biotechnology) and C-CAMP (Center for Cellular and Molecular Platforms, India’s head life sciences development centre)
  • Thoughts are empowered from all spaces of life sciences, including social insurance, farming, nourishment, nutraceuticals, condition, water, and animal wellbeing.

How does it help innovators?

  • The system of NBEC is structured to such an extent that contenders are judged exclusively on the value of the thought and its cultural effect.
  • On the off chance that the thought is acceptable, the supporting framework is given through a system of advancement centre points, industry, and mentorship.
  • A major companion of members are welcome to the challenge, which assists with framing organizations with industry pioneers, and development centre points to operationalise their ideas.
  • It hence causes the plan to be converted into the real world and enter the market in a maintainable way.

The value proposition lies in three broad areas

  • A powerful structure that democratizes advancement get to – numerous NBEC ideators are ladies and from level 2-3 urban areas/towns of India.
  • Accentuation on thoughts with national cultural effect –
  • interfacing trend-setters up the plan to-advertise esteem chain.

A portion of the fruitful indigenous innovations which are being furnished with the help through this stage are:

  • Biodegradable nano-fibre transporters – That can convey similar dynamic manure measurements in a 5 g pocket as a 5 kg pack today, along these lines lessening coordination costs by 1000x and expanding time span of usability by 2x. This arrangement at the same time reforms the horticulture, manure, ecological, and vitality areas.
  • Scaled-down Urinary Tract Infections (UTI) discovery unit – A Visa measured test stage that can identify four significant UTI pathogens in 30-an hour contrasted with the 24-48 hours it takes today in a research facility arrangement, at reasonable costs.
  • Picture based screening answers for eye ailments to defeat the test of inaccessibility of master specialists
  • Compostable sterile napkins produced using banana strands

Therefore, carefully structured ideas platforms like NBEC serve as ideal vehicles to effect socio-economic impact at scale across India

Way Forward

  • It is this thought first system that India must actualize across different verticals like cybersecurity, vitality, safeguard, urban plan, wellbeing, and water the executives to open more noteworthy development drove business enterprise.
  • With profound science thoughts stages, India can situate itself as an economical arrangements trend-setter, and supplier.

Connecting the dots!

  • Atal Innovation Mission
  • Challenges to Innovation – Inadequate Funding- from both private & Public, Lack of Academia-industry collaboration

(TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE)


Model questions: (You can now post your answers in the comment section)

Q1. With reference to ‘National Skills Qualification Framework (NSQF)’, which of the statements given below is/are correct?  

  1. Under NSQF, a learner can acquire the certification for competency only through formal learning.
  2. An outcome expected from the implementation of NSQF is the mobility between vocational and general education.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

  1. 1 only 
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q 2. With reference to Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana, consider the following statements

  1. It is the flagship scheme of the Ministry of Labour and Employment.
  2. It, among other things, will also impart training in soft skills, entrepreneurship, financial and digital literacy.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

  1. 1 only 
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.3) Where is the famous Virupaksha temple located?

  1. Bhadrachalam
  2. Chidambaram
  3. Hampi 
  4. Srikalahasti


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