UPSC Exam Current Affairs and News Analysis (30-12-2019)

upsc exam current affairs 30-12-2019

Highlights |UPSC Exam Current Affairs 30-12-2019

Current Affairs and News (30-12-2019)- The following article contains all the updated events and news for IAS Preparation. Our daily IAS Current Affairs and News cover the most important topics to give precise information to the reader and IAS Aspirants.

  • SnowEx: To assess how much water does snow contain
  • Dadasaheb Phalke Award
  • Bandhavgarh Forest: Gets its first Elephant Colony
  • Red sand boa snake: Rare Snake rescued in Madhya Pradesh
  • Poshan Abhiyaan: Merely 30% of the funds used after 3 years
  • US astronaut Christina Koch
  • Economic crisis: economy in bad shape
  • Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC): Pakistan to host OIC meet on Kashmir, CAA

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UPSC Exam Current Affairs and News Analysis (30-12-2019)

SnowEx: To assess how much water does snow contain

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-III- Science & Technology

In News

  • So as to more readily see how water is contained in each winter’s snowfall and how much will be accessible when it dissolves in the spring, NASA has propelled a regular crusade called SnowEx.
  • The objective is to address the most significant holes in our snow remote detecting information, and in this manner lay the preparation for a future snow satellite strategic.
  • SnowEx surveys where snow has fallen, how much there is and how its qualities change as it liquefies. It utilizes airborne estimations, ground estimations and PC demonstrating
  • The topographical focal point of SnowEx is proposed as North America which contains the six wide snow atmosphere classifications distinguished in the writing: tundra (high or Arctic), taiga (Boreal woods), warm (mild) backwoods, sea, prairie, and fleeting.

Dadasaheb Phalke Award

Part of: GS Prelims and GS Mains I- Culture

In News

  • The nation’s most noteworthy film respect, the DadasahebPhalke grant, was introduced for this present year to Amitabh Bachchan
  • The honor comes in the year that imprints Mr. Bachchan’s brilliant celebration in film, who made his introduction in 1969
  • DadasahebPhalke (1870–1944), was an Indian producer who coordinated India’s first full-length include film, Raja Harishchandra (1913). He is viewed as “the dad of Indian film.”
  • The honor is given to individuals for their “exceptional commitment to the development and advancement of Indian film”.
  • It is introduced every year at the National Film Awards function by the Directorate of Film Festivals (an association set up by the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting).
  • The honor prize comprises of a brilliant lotus, a money prize of ₹10 lakh and a shawl.
  • The honor was first introduced in 1969. The main beneficiary of the honor was entertainer Devika Rani, “the primary woman of Indian film.”

Bandhavgarh Forest: Gets its first Elephant Colony

Part of: GS Prelims and GS Mains III- Environment Conservation

In News

  • Bandhavgarh National Park is spread at vindhya slopes in Madhya Pradesh. It is known for the Royal Bengal Tigers. The thickness of the Tiger populace at Bandhavgarh is the most noteworthy known in India.
  • Bandhavgarh National Park comprises of blended vegetation extending from tall prairies to thick Sal woods as is the ideal living space of assortment of creatures and winged animals.
  • Bandhavgarh was proclaimed a national park in 1968 and afterward became Tiger Reserve in 1993.
  • The word Bandhavgarh is a mix of two words: Bandhav+ Garh where Bandhav implies sibling and Garh implies Fort.
  • The name Bandhavgarh given to the hold is because of the nearness of an old post in the hillock of the Vindhya scopes of Umaria. It has been accepted that Lord Rama talented this astounding fortress to his more youthful sibling Lakshmana.
  • In the 2019 statistics Madhya Pradesh state recorded the most number of assessed tigers at 526, along these lines procuring the title “Tiger State”

Red sand boa snake: Rare Snake rescued in Madhya Pradesh

Part of: GS Prelims and GS III- Environment

In News

  • Red Sand Boa Snake which worth around ₹1.25 crore, was protected from five people, who were attempting to sell it in Madhya Pradesh
  • The uncommon non-toxic snakes are utilized for making certain meds, beauty care products and in dark enchantment, and are in gigantic interest in the universal market
  • They are additionally accepted to bring good karma and riches.
  • People were charged under the Wildlife (Protection) Act.

Value addition for Prelims

  • The Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 is an Act of the Parliament of India authorized for insurance of plants and creature species.
  • Article 48-An of the Constitution says that the State will try to ensure and improve the earth and to defend the timberland and natural life of the nation.
  • Article 51A (g) forces a key obligation on each resident of India to secure and improve nature and have sympathy for living animals.

Poshan Abhiyaan: Merely 30% of the funds used after 3 years

Part of: GS Prelims and GS III- Governance & Health

In News

  • Excepting Mizoram, Lakshadweep, Himachal Pradesh and Bihar, none of the state governments utilized even 50% of the aggregate allowed in the previous three years, as per an examination of the information partook in Parliament.
  • Normal use of the assets assigned under the plan, in the nation is 29.97%

Value addition for Prelims

  • The Poshan Abhiyaan, the Centrally supported plan, is planned for improving nourishing results among pregnant ladies, lactating moms and kids
  • half of the financing comes through budgetary help while staying half is from the World Bank or other multilateral improvement banks.
  • POSHAN Abhiyaan is a multi-pastoral assembly strategic the vision to guarantee accomplishment of unhealthiness free India by 2022.
  • Target:Reducing hindering, under-sustenance, sickliness (among little youngsters, ladies and immature young ladies) and low birth weight by 2%, 2%, 3% and 2% per annum individually.

US astronaut Christina Koch

Part of: GS Prelims and GS III- Science & Technology

In News

  • US space explorer Christina Koch set the precedent for the longest single spaceflight by a lady when she came to, and crossed, 289 days in her present crucial the International Space Station (ISS).
  • Having arrived at the ISS in March this year, she is relied upon to spend a sum of 328 days on board before coming back to Earth in February 2020.
  • In October 2019, she was a piece of the main all-female spacewalk, together with Jessica Meir

Did you Know?

  • Gennady Padalka of Russia holds the record longest combined time spent in space by any space traveler, male or female, gathering the 878 days (about 2½ years) crosswise over five spaceflights somewhere in the range of 1998 and 2015.
  • The International Space Station (ISS) is a space station (livable fake satellite) in low Earth circle.
  • The ISS program is a joint venture between five taking an interest space organizations: NASA (United States), Roscosmos (Russia), JAXA (Japan), ESA (Europe), and CSA (Canada). The proprietorship and utilization of the space station is built up by intergovernmental bargains and understandings

(MAINS FOCUS)


ECONOMY

TOPIC: General Studies 3:

  • Indian Economy and issues identifying with arranging, preparation of assets, development, improvement and work

Economic crisis: economy in bad shape

Context:

  • Development in the quarter from July to September had slipped to 4.5%.(lowest level recorded in six years)
  • 6.1% ostensible GDP development (genuine development in addition to swelling) the slowest in 10 years.
  • Fixed speculation drooped to 1%, private utilization development divided year on year, and assembling action shrunk by 1%.

Evidences for Slowdown:

  • The 12.2% decrease in power age( it is a decent indicator of interest created by all financial action, not simply modern generation.)
  • Measurements one would normally take a gander at to survey financial movement and utilization, for example, Imports, stock fares, vehicle deals, bank credit… , are showing cautioning
  • Bank credit development is relied upon to hit a 58-year low in 2019-2020.

Stagflation:

  • With retail expansion hitting a 40-month high of 5.54% in November and Food swelling hit 10%, vegetables (onions) and heartbeats.
  • This has prompted stresses over India entering a period of stagflation, (persevering high expansion joined with high joblessness and stale interest in a nation’s economy)
Daily Current Affairs IAS | UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam – 30th December 2019

SRC: Wall street

Concerns:

  • The present stoppage is nearer in nature to what was looked as far back as 1991 — the year India changed.
  • India’s present emergency is driven by both repeating and auxiliary components
  • Issues in account have exacerbated the stoppage.
  • The World Bank has said this recurrent stoppage is extreme.
  • Request crumbling because of reasons going from poor provincial pay development,
  • The apparitions of demonetisation and a hurriedly executed Goods and Services Tax (GST).

Point to be noted:

  • India’s development recouped after worldwide monetary emergency 2008 without fixing the issues
  • Arrangement of happy advancements, for example, lower oil costs and a blast in credit from non-banking monetary organizations (NBFCs) which might be halfway determined by demonetisation sending more money into the formal budgetary framework.
  • With the breakdown of IL&FS in late 2018,this help likewise finished .
  • Presently the twin asset report emergency (of focused on banks and corporates with foundation wagers) raised

Way forward:

  • Hold Bank of India must cut loan fees for prodding development out of the condition.
  • Increment open consumption by putting resources into agribusiness
  • raise assets for the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act
  • Interest in Skill , Education and Health

Conclusion:

  • This is a repetitive wonder and will pass like the hover of life… what goes up, must descend, however govt should likewise address the worries of economy

Connecting the dots:

  • Do you think economy appears to be set out toward the emergency unit?
  • Do you think Demonetisation is answerable for the present log jam?

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

TOPIC: General Studies 2:

  • Impact of approaches and legislative issues of created and creating nations on India’s inclinations, Indian Diaspora.
  • Significant International organizations, offices and fora-their structure, order.

Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC): Pakistan to host OIC meet on Kashmir, CAA

Context:

  • Pakistan will hold a clerical gathering with Organization for Islamic Cooperation (OIC) on Jammu and Kashmir in April 2020,
  • The improvement is connected to a more extensive Saudi-Pakistan bargain.
  • Concentrate on the “human rights circumstance in involved Jammu and Kashmir and authorization of a CAA in India”

Recent developments:

  • The declaration came days after as of late selected Saudi Foreign Minister Faisal receptacle Farhan Al Saud visited Islamabad and met with the Pakistani authority, including Prime Minister Imran Khan and Foreign Minister Shah Mehmood Qureshi
  • Malaysian PM Mahathir Mohammad had met the “Kuala Lumpur” summit, with the pioneers of Turkey, Iran and Qatar, calling for changes in the Muslim world.

About OIC:

Daily Current Affairs IAS | UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam – 30th December 2019

Src: MOW

  • The Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) is the second biggest between legislative association after the United Nations
  • It has enrollment of 57 states spread more than four mainlands.
  • It is an association of the aggregate voice of the Muslim world.

Objectives:

  • The primary intention of the association is to the defend and secure the interests of the Muslim world in the soul of advancing worldwide harmony and congruity among different individuals of the world.
  • The Organization was set up upon a choice of the chronicled summit which occurred in Rabat, Kingdom of Morocco 25 September 1969 because of criminal fire related crime of Al-Aqsa Mosque in involved Jerusalem.

India and Islamic World

  • Over the most recent couple of years, India has improved ties with the Islamic world from Saudi Arabia to Indonesia, while expanding on great relations with nations like Qatar and Oman.
  • While it was Bangladesh that drifted the possibility of India turning into an onlooker at the OIC in 2018, the UAE welcome offered India a chance to address the gathering.
  • The Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi, Sheik Mohammed receptacle Zayed Al Nahyan (MBZ), was a unique Chief Guest at the 68th Republic Day festivities in 2017, the first occasion when that India spread out the Republic Day honorary pathway for a pioneer who was neither a Head of State nor Head of Government.
  • The Crown Prince MBZ had before visited India in February 2016, after a visit by Prime Minister Narendra Modi to the UAE in August 2015.
  • As of late, Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia, Mohammed canister Salman visited India.

India – OIC Relation:

  • India’s association with Pakistan has consistently been tense and directly affects India-OIC relations, with Pakistan being an establishing individual from the OIC. India has pushed for the OIC to acknowledge India as a part, Pakistan contradicts India’s entrance into the OIC
  • Without precedent for five decades, the United Arab Emirates welcomed outside priest of India Sushma Swaraj to go to the debut whole 46th gathering of OIC remote clergymen. (Pakistan boycotted the meet)
  • From the mid-1990s, when this Contact Group was shaped, it has given a few explanations for Pakistan (on Kashmir issue)
  • The United Arab Emirates, for example, presented the Order of “Zayed”, its most noteworthy non military personnel grant on Prime Minister Narendra Modi, over seven days after New Delhi’s proceeds onward Article 370, and proclaimed that Kashmir was India’s inner issue.

Conclusion:

  • Saudi Arabia drives OIC countries to grandstand its control of the Islamic world, while enabling its individuals to utilize the discussion to assault their own adversaries, While OIC goals mean next to no in genuine terms, Pakistan needs to utilize the gathering against India

Connecting the dots:

  • Do you think CAA impacts India-Saudi relations?
  • Do you figure Pakistan will get any help from OIC on Kashmir issue?

(TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE)


Model questions: (You can now post your answers in comment section)

Q.1) Consider the following statements

  1. The Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 is an Act of the Parliament of India enacted for protection of only animal species
  2. Article 51A (g) imposes a fundamental duty on every citizen of India to protect and improve the environment and have compassion for living creatures.

Which of the above statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.2) Consider the following statements

  1. Dadasaheb Phalke award is given to people for their outstanding contribution to the growth and development of Indian cinema.
  2. The award first presented in 1951 is presented annually at the National Film Awards ceremony by the Directorate of Film Festivals 

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.3) Which of the following are the participating space agencies of International Space Station

  1. ISRO(India)
  2. NASA (USA)
  3. Roscosmos (Russia)
  4. JAXA (Japan)
  5. Canadian Space Agency

Select the correct answer from the codes given below

  1. 1,2,3 and 4 only
  2. 2,3,4 and 5 only
  3. 2,3 and 4 only
  4. 1,2,3,4 and 5

Q.4) Consider the following statements about Poshan Abhiyan

  1. It is a Central sector scheme aimed at improving nutritional outcomes among pregnant women, lactating mothers and children 
  2. Average utilization of the funds allotted under the scheme has been high at 89.97%, indicating success of the abhiyan.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

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