UPSC Exam Current Affairs and News Analysis (16-10-2019)

upsc exam current affairs 16-10-2019

Highlights |UPSC Exam Current Affairs 16-10-2019

Current Affairs and News (16-10-2019)- The following article contains all the updated events and news for IAS Preparation. Our daily IAS Current Affairs and News cover the most important topics to give precise information to the reader and IAS Aspirants.

  • Nobel laureate Michael Kremer’s India Link
  • PM-JAY health scheme
  • REMBRANDT
  • KAYAKALP AWARDS
  • PHOSPHORESCENCE
  • National Judicial Appointments Commission
  • One nation one language

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UPSC Exam Current Affairs 16-10-2019 are followed in the part below:

UPSC Exam Current Affairs and News Analysis (16-10-2019)

Nobel laureate Michael Kremer’s India Link

Part of: GS Prelims and GS Mains II – Education

In News

  • Kremer’s non-benefit warning assistance – Precision Agriculture for Development (PAD)- has helped 6 lakh ranchers
  • Randomized controlled preliminaries – the exploration for which the Nobel was granted – demonstrated that a minimal effort cell phone-based agribusiness counseling administration, created by PAD prompted a yearly pay development of about ₹7,000 per rancher.
  • At the point when ranchers could call a helpline for ongoing master exhortation on planting and water system choices and data sources, for example, seeds, composts, and pesticides, yields rose by 28% for those delivering cumin and 8.6% for those developing cotton in Gujarat,
  • Cushion India started work with 2,000 cotton ranchers in Gujarat in 2016 and now arrives at six lakh ranchers the nation over, with the greatest unforeseen of 5.25 lakh originating from Odisha.
  • Working with the Coffee Board of India, PAD India has associated 15,000 espresso cultivators in Karnataka to hydrologists and agronomists in the course of the most recent year, with an arrangement to increase numbers to 50,000 ranchers.
  • Across the nation, PAD India ventures get 800-1,000 calls every day, with answers being given inside two hours to 72% of inquiries.

PM-JAY health scheme

Part of: GS Prelims and GS Mains II – Health

In News

  • Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, Chhattisgarh, Kerala, and Andhra Pradesh have developed as the top-performing States of Ayushman Bharat Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana
  • Almost Rs7,901 crore has been profited under the plan for auxiliary and tertiary level medications
  • A large portion of a-crore clinic medications have been given and there are 9 emergency clinic affirmations consistently crosswise over India
  • Over 60% of the sum spent has been on tertiary consideration. Cardiology, Orthopedics, Radiation Oncology, Cardio-thoracic, and Vascular Surgery, and Urology have developed as the top tertiary specialties.

About PM-JAY

  • PM-JAY is the lead planner of the legislature with a mean to carry quality human services to around 50 crore poor and powerless Indians.
  • The plan gives yearly social insurance advantages of up to ₹5 lakh for each entitled family.
  • The plan has brought about sparing of over ₹12,000 crores to the recipient families in the previous year of its activities.

REMBRANDT

Part of: GS Prelims and Mains GS-I – Art & Culture

In News

  • In 2019, India and the Netherlands will recognize Rembrandt’s 350th demise commemoration with a grandstand that will praise the two nations’ way of life and legacy.
  • Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn (1606 – 1669) was a Dutch artist, painter, and printmaker. He is commonly viewed as one of the best visual craftsmen throughout the entire existence of workmanship and the most significant in Dutch craftsmanship history.
  • Rembrandt was keen on Mughal miniatures, particularly around the 1650s.
  • He made 25 drawings dependent on Mughal miniatures from India from 1656 to 1661, at the stature of his vocation. This is disregarding the way that the Dutch craftsman never set foot on Indian soil.
  • These miniatures incorporate canvases of Shah Jahan, Akbar, Jahangir, and Dara Shikoh.
  • They may likewise have affected the ensembles and different parts of his works.

KAYAKALP AWARDS

Part of: GS Prelims and GS Mains II – Health

In News

  • Association Health Minister parted with Kayakalp grants to Public and Private Health Facilities for elevated requirements of sanitation and cleanliness.
  • Kayakalp grants were propelled by Union Health Ministry in 2015 as a component of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan to congratulate Public Health Facilities (PHCs) for keeping up exclusive expectations of sanitation and cleanliness.
  • The objective is to instill the culture of tidiness for picking up the trust and certainty of the network in these offices.
  • The Union Health Ministry concedes honors through the National Health Mission.

PHOSPHORESCENCE

Part of: GS Prelims and Mains GS-III – Science & Technology

In News

  • An epic security ink that radiates extreme red shading when presented to 254 nm wavelength UV and emanates green shading not long after the UV source is killed has been blended by a group of specialists from the Delhi-based National Physical Laboratory (CSIR-NPL).
  • The discharge of red is because of fluorescence while green is because of glow wonder.
  • This is the primary report of ink that contains two shades that discharge various hues at totally different wavelengths when presented to UV light of a specific wavelength
  • The ink can possibly be utilized as a security highlight on money notes and travel papers.

Phosphorescence

  • It is a kind of photoluminescence identified with fluorescence. In contrast to fluorescence, a glowing material doesn’t promptly re-transmit the radiation it assimilates.
  • In specific materials, consumed radiation is re-transmitted at a lower power for as long as a few hours after the first excitation.
  • Regular instances of luminous materials are the shine in obscurity toys that gleam in the wake of being accused of a brilliant light, for example, in any ordinary perusing or room light

Pic: https://d39gegkjaqduz9.cloudfront.net/TH/2019/10/13/VIS/Visakhapatnam/TH/5_13/0fea5b9e_3258936_1_mr.jpg


(MAINS FOCUS)


POLITY

TOPIC: General Studies 2:

  • Structure, association, and working of the Executive and the Judiciary

National Judicial Appointments Commission

Context:

  • Four years prior, on October 16, 2015, the Supreme Court (SC) struck down as an illegal alteration to the Constitution building up the National Judicial Appointments Commission (NJAC).
  • The correction and the comparing law were tested by the Supreme Court Advocates-on-Record Association (SCAORA) accepting, properly, that the change would disregard the fundamental structure of the Constitution by denying the legal executive of its freedom.

Do you know?

  • The privilege to choose judges to the Supreme Court was taken upon itself by the summit court in 1993 and revalidated in a 1998 judgment (Third Judges case).
  • The present government attempted to change that with the section of a law on the National Judicial Appointments Commission (NJAC), however, the law was killed — again by the Supreme Court.
  • NJAC was struck somewhere around the SC since it would have undermined the autonomy of the CJI and given a job to the administration in the arrangement of judges.
  • Not at all like in the U.S. where judges are selected by the President and are known to be inclining towards the Democrats or Republicans, Indian judges shouldn’t have any political association.

Do you know?

  • The Collegium incorporates the five senior-most judges of the Supreme Court, who all things considered establish the determination board for legal arrangements to the Supreme Court (and the three senior-most judges with regards to the High Courts).
  • India is one of only a handful, not many nations where judges have the final word on legal arrangements, through the instrument of the Collegium.
  • The Collegium itself isn’t referenced in the content of the Constitution. It emerged out of a judgment of the Supreme Court, and in light of expanded official obstruction in legal arrangements, especially during Indira Gandhi’s system.
  • Subsequently, the Collegium started life as an instrument to verify and ensure the autonomy of the legal executive.

“National Judicial Appointments Commission”, which was proposed as an option to the Collegium framework. Be that as it may, NJAC was struck somewhere near the SC in 2015.

What was the proposed composition of the NJAC?

  • The CJI was the seat, ex officio, and alongside him were the following two senior judges.
  • The Union Minister of Law and Justice was an ex officio part alongside two prominent people.
  • They were to prescribe people for arrangement as judges of the SC and high courts and the exchange of judges of the high courts (counting boss judges)

Why was NJAC struck down by the SC?

  • SC seat had held that legal supremacy in arrangements was the main naturally approved method for verifying/guaranteeing legal freedom against an undeniably amazing political official.
  • In any case, the Collegium had gone under expanding analysis, as a result of its obscurity and saw the idea that legal arrangements were time and again made in an impromptu and self-assertive way.
  • SC too recognized the above analysis and promised to advance a framework where worries of straightforwardness will be tended to.
  • A little advance towards this was made during Dipak Misra’s residency as CJI when the goals of the Collegium started to be distributed on the web.

In his NJAC judgment (2015), Justice J.S. Khehar talked about the issue of correspondence finally in striking down the commission.

  • Equity Khehar favored avoidance of the political official from the arrangement of judges as a sentiment of appreciation towards the administration impacts the autonomy of the legal executive.
  • It was for this very explanation that even B.R. Ambedkar needed to protect the legal executive from political weights.

Recent developments:

  • CJI had kept in touch with the law serve that 43 proposals made by the collegium were pending with the administration and the opening in the high courts were to the degree of around 37 percent.
  • the collegium prescribed that Justice Irshad Ali be made a perpetual judge of the Allahabad High Court, the government dismissed the proposal (without outfitting any explanation or legitimization)

Connecting the dots:

  • The unlawful NJAC is raising its head and is currently Frankenstein’s beast. Fundamentally dissect.

POLITY

TOPIC: General Studies 2:

  • Indian Constitution-verifiable underpinnings, advancement, highlights, alterations, noteworthy arrangements and essential structure

One nation one language

Context

  • As of late, on the event of Hindi Divas, the Union Minister of Home Affairs held that in the event that one language can take the necessary steps of joining the nation, at that point it is the most communicated in language, Hindi.

Why?

  • It is critical to have a language of the entire nation that ought to turn into the character of India internationally. Hindi can join the nation since it is the most communicated in language.
  • There is an immense impact of English on the residents of India.

Background

  • The Constituent Assembly of India received Hindi written in Devnagari Script alongside English as the official language of the nation on September 14, 1949, under Article 343(1).
  • Article 351 offers the capacity to the Union Government to give an order for the improvement of the Hindi language.
  • The Hindi language is one of the 22 dialects of the Eighth Schedule of the Constitution of India.
  • The burden of Hindi was challenged in numerous non-Hindi states, particularly in the southern territory of Tamil Nadu. Vicious fights broke out in southern India driving the then Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru, to present the ‘Official Languages Act’ in 1963, which guaranteed the continuation of English alongside Hindi as the official language of the Union of India.

Criticisms:

  • Individuals crosswise over India—especially in the East and the South—Hindi isn’t the language of the decision of a great many people.
  • It is a language of accommodation.
  • A leveled out rendition of Hindi would be a calamity for Hindi itself. It would wreck its various personalities, a significant number of the very enchanting.
  • It will bargain our numerous awesome local dialects, the dialects that give us our character, our feeling of having a place.

Bangladesh case:

  • Bangladesh was freed by a bunch of fearless Bengali understudies who raised the banner of dissent when the endeavor was made to force Urdu, the language of political force in West Pakistan, on them.

Way Forward

  • Reexamine the three-language policy(Kothari board), which exists just on paper now.
  • Attempt different approaches to cultivate national solidarity than forcing a language.
  • An assembled country must have space for decent variety and India is joined in its assorted variety.

Conclusion:

  • A Tamilian should be a Tamilian first. A Maharashtrian should be a Maharashtrian first. A Naga should be a Naga first before he comprehends what being an Indian is.
  • Our characters are characterized by the language we are naturally introduced to, the way of life we acquire, the legends we grew up with, the tales we got notification from our grandparents in the language they talked.
  • Nothing can ever supplant that. Positively not an Aadhar card. Nor a national language.

Connecting the dots :

  • Playing with language is similar to behaving recklessly. Investigate
  • It is a deception to envision that we need a typical language to feel associated. Legitimize.

(TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE)


Model questions: (You can now post your answers in comment section)

Note: 

  • Featured Comments and comments Up-voted by whataftercollege are the “correct answers”.

Q.1)Consider the following statements about Pradhan Mantri Jan AarogyaYojana  (PM-JAY)

  1. PM-JAY is the world’s largest government-funded healthcare program, with an aim to bring quality healthcare to around 50 crores poor and vulnerable Indians.
  2. The scheme gives annual healthcare benefits of up to ₹5lakh for every entitled family per year, for secondary and tertiary care hospitalization.
  3. PMJAY will provide cashless and paperless access to services for the beneficiary at the point of service.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 2and 3 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 1,2 and 3

Q.2)Consider the following statements about Kayakalp Awards

  1. Kayakalp awards were launched by Union Health Ministry in 2015 as part of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan
  2. It was instituted to felicitate Public Health Facilities (PHCs) for maintaining high standards of sanitation and hygiene.
  3. The Objective of the awards is to inculcate the culture of cleanliness for gaining the trust and confidence of the community in these facilities.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 1,2 and 3

Q.3)Consider the following statements

  1. The Differences Between Fluorescence and Phosphorescenceis that fluorescence emits light immediately after photon adsorption, whereas there is a delay with phosphorescence
  2. Everyday examples of phosphorescent materials are the glow-in-the-dark toys, stickers, paint, wristwatch and clock dials that glow after being charged with a bright light

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2


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