IAS Current Affairs And News Analysis (12-07-2019)

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Current Affairs and News Analysis (12-07-2019)

(PRELIMS + MAINS FOCUS)


Can’t be pushed into a decision: Speaker

Part of Prelims and mains GS II structure and functions of State assemblies  

In news

  • With regards to progressing furor in Karnataka gathering, the Supreme Court asked Karnataka Speaker K.R. Ramesh Kumar to meet 10 revolutionary lawmakers from the Congress and the Janata Dal (Secular) and take a choice on their abdications.
  • Mr. Ramesh Kumar demanded that he had an obligation to comprehend whether the acquiescences were certified and intentional, as recommended in the Constitution.
  • Mr. Ramesh Kumar affirmed that all the 10 crisp renunciation letters offered by the dissident officials were as per the Rules and Procedure of Conduct of Business in the Assembly.

Do you know?

Article 190 (3)(b)

On the off chance that an individual from a House of the Legislature of a State, leaves his seat by composing under his hand routed to the Speaker or the Chairman, and his abdication is acknowledged by the Speaker or the Chairman, his seat will immediately gets empty: Provided that on account of such renunciation the Speaker or the Chairman is fulfilled that such acquiescence isn’t intentional or certified.


Death penalty for child abuse

Part of Prelims and mains GS II social justice  

In news

Cabinet favors Amendment in the Protection of Children from Sexual Offenses (POCSO) Act 2012

Do you know?

Key features of the Act 

  • The POCSO Act, 2012 was ordered to Protect the Children from Offenses of Sexual Assault, Sexual provocation and erotic entertainment with due respect for defending the intrigue and prosperity of kids.
  • The Act characterizes a youngster as any individual beneath eighteen years old, and respects the eventual benefits and welfare of the kid as matter of vital significance at each stage, to guarantee the sound physical, passionate, scholarly and social improvement of the kid.
  • The demonstration is impartial.

Amendment 

  • It will make discipline increasingly stringent for perpetrating sexual wrongdoings against youngsters including capital punishment.
  • The changes additionally accommodate toll of fines and detainment to check kid sex entertainment.

Impact

  • The change is required to dishearten the pattern of youngster sexual maltreatment by going about as an obstacle because of solid punitive arrangements consolidated in the Act.
  • It means to secure the enthusiasm of defenseless youngsters in the midst of misery and guarantees their wellbeing and poise.
  • The change is expected to set up clearness in regards to the parts of youngster misuse and discipline thereof.

Bill to tackle Ponzi schemes

Part of Prelims and mains GS III Economic Issues  

In news 

  • The Union Cabinet, led by the Prime Minister had before given its endorsement to move official revisions to The Banning of Unregulated Deposit Schemes Bill, 2018, after the suggestions of the Standing Committee on Finance (SCF).
  • The 2019 Bill will supplant The Banning of Unregulated Deposit Schemes Ordinance 2019.
  • The 2019 mandate helped in the making of a focal storehouse of all store conspires under activity, in this manner making it simpler for the Center to direct their exercises and keep misrepresentation from being submitted against common individuals.
  • The mandate considered remuneration to be offered to unfortunate casualties through the liquidation of the advantages of those offering unlawful store plans.

Background

  • The Finance Minister in the Budget Speech 2016-17 had announced that a thorough Central order would be gained to deal with the threat of illicit store taking plans.
  • This was in light of the fact that in the continuous past, there have been rising cases blackmail by illicit store taking plans transversely over India. The most observably awful losses of these plans are needy individuals and the fiscally uneducated, and the exercises of such plans are much of the time spread over various States.

The Unregulated Deposit Schemes Ordinance 2019 – Important features

  • The mandate expects to accommodate a far-reaching instrument to boycott unregulated store plans and in this manner ensure the interests of contributors.
  • The Ordinance bans Deposit Takers from advancing, working, giving notices or tolerating stores in any Unregulated Deposit Scheme.
  • A prize chit or cash course plan prohibited under the arrangements of The Prize Chits and Money Circulation Scheme (Banning) Act, 1978 will likewise be viewed as an unregulated store and has been restricted as needs be.
  • The Ordinance empowers the formation of an online focal database, for accumulation and sharing of data on store taking exercises in the nation. The law likewise makes it occupant upon papers to check the ads set in them to guarantee that none of them is for unregulated store plans.

The Bill creates three different types of offences: 

  1. Running of Unregulated Deposit Schemes,
  2. Deceitful default in Regulated Deposit Schemes, and
  3. Improper incitement in connection to Unregulated Deposit Schemes.

IAF to adopt ASRAAM missile for fighter fleet

Part of Prelims and mains GS III Science & Technology  

In news

The Indian Air Force’s (IAF) move to incorporate British Advanced Short Range Air-to-Air Missile (ASRAAM) to Russian-source Sukhoi Su-30 MKI warrior planes. IAF is hoping to supplant the Russian-made Vympel R-73 rocket with the ASRAAM in stages.

Do you know?

About ASRAAM

  • ASRAAM is broadly utilized as a Within Visual Range (WVR) air predominance rocket with a scope of over 25km (Short range).
  • It is an aerial rocket.
  • It is an imaging infrared homing (“heat-chasing”) rocket.

Greenlight for rural roads 

Part of Prelims and mains GS III Inclusive growth, rural infrastructure development 

In news 

  • PMGSY-III plan was declared by the Finance Minister in Budget Speech for the year 2018-19.
  • Objective: It includes a combination of Through Routes and Major Rural Links interfacing residences to Gramin Agricultural Markets (GrAMs), Higher Secondary Schools and Hospitals.
  • Effect: This would encourage simple and quicker development to and from Gramin Agricultural Markets (GrAMs), Higher Secondary Schools and Hospitals. Streets built under PMGSY would likewise be kept up appropriately.
  • Task period: 2019-20 to 2024-25.

Do you know?

Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY)

PMGSY was propelled in December, 2000 with a target to give single all-climate street network to qualified detached residence of assigned populace size (500+ in plain zones and 250+ in North-East, slope, ancestral and desert territories according to Census, 2001) for by and large financial improvement of the zones. 97% of the qualified and doable residences have just been associated by all-climate street.


(MAINS FOCUS)


NATIONAL

TOPIC:

General studies 1

  • population and associated issues

General studies 2

  • Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

A demographic window of opportunity

Background

As per the UN Report discharged as of late, India is relied upon to overwhelm China as the most crowded nation by 2027. In such manner, this article talks about how the Indian Government must deal with its HR productively.

How to reduce the Population Growth rate?

Correctional activities, for example, for example, limitation on maternity leave, exclusion from panchayat races for multiple kids in certain states and so forth can’t prompt a decline in populace development rate. Such disincentives are not sufficiently able to conquer the craving for youngsters as the individuals who wanted bigger families to proceed despite outcomes.

There are sharp contrasts in the Total Fertility rate (TFR) among the distinctive financial gatherings in India.

The TFR of the least fortunate ladies was 3.2 when contrasted with TFR of 1.5 of more extravagant ladies.

The lower TFR among the more extravagant family units is a direct result of their craving to put resources into their kids’ instruction and future possibilities that appear to drive individuals to stop at one kid. More extravagant people see the more noteworthy potential for guaranteeing admission to great universities and better occupations for their youngsters, moving them to restrict their family size.

Consequently, we should concentrate on lessening the TFR among the less fortunate families by improving the entrance to training and guaranteeing better employments for their kids. Such endeavors must be substantiated by the arrangement of prophylactic administrations.

Integrating Population policy into Development Policies

The fifteenth Finance Commission has wanted to utilize the 2011 enumeration information for the dissemination of duties among the states. Be that as it may, it has been restricted by the Southern states since such an arrangement would punish them for taking endeavors to lessen the populace and it would certainly compensate the crowded states which might not have executed the populace control measures carefully.

Continuing with the 1971 census-based allocation would be mistake on the basis of following grounds:

Fluctuating Stages of Demographic Transition: Different states in India are at various phases of statistic progress. States, for example, Kerala and TN are now past their statistic profit arrange, while in next 20 years states, for example, Karnataka would have fateful opening. States, for example, UP and Bihar are required to have top in their statistic profit a lot later.

The states with higher portion of laborers would have the option to add to higher income to the inside and such income can thus be utilized to help the states with higher portion of maturing populace. For instance, laborers in Haryana would have the option to help maturing populace of Kerala in future.

Conclusion

Presently, the states with higher ripeness rates and higher populace development should be bolstered by the Center in order to improve human capital arrangement as Education, wellbeing and so on. By adhering to 1971 registration, we would not have the option to address the requests of such states.

Connecting the dots:

In India, putting resources into the slouch States will guarantee their job just like the best benefactors of things to come. Remark in the setting of statistic contrasts.


NATIONAL

TOPIC: General studies 3

  • Infrastructure
  • Energy

Going electric

Background

The Union Budget has declared an intense move to make a change to electric vehicles and offered an assessment motivation for the early adopters.

Its expressed vision to jump into a time of electric versatility and local vehicle fabricating, drove by open vehicle and business vehicles, is forward-looking.

It is additionally inescapable on the grounds that poor air quality and clamor contamination have forcefully influenced personal satisfaction, and represent a genuine general wellbeing challenge.

Deadline 

As the NITI Aayog has communicated, the target of moving to electric vehicles can’t make strides without cutoff times, and a market-driven procedure searched for by specific territories of the vehicle business will leave India’s abilities and structure for e-adaptability trailing others, very China.

With 2030 quite far, the fundamental is to fix a useful time length by which bicycles, cruisers, three-wheel carriages and, later, all new vehicles will be battery controlled.

Incentives

An additional individual appraisal finding of ₹1.5 lakh is by and by offered on interest paid on credits to purchase electric vehicles, and the GST Council has been moved to cut the cost on e-vehicles to 5% from 12%. The two solicitations were made by the business previously.

Budgetary allocation

There is a basic expense under the second accentuation of the Faster Adoption and Manufacturing (of Hybrid and) Electric Vehicles (FAME) plan of ₹10,000 crores, to give a fillip to business vehicles and to set up charging stations.

Way ahead

Sensible charging will make these vehicles and business three-wheelers charming in light of the fact that working costs are a limited quantity of oil and diesel partners.

Swapping the battery at worthwhile territories with one that is pre-charged, especially for business vehicles that run longer and need a quick turnaround, justifies considering.

An increasingly broadened term game plan need must be the setting up of lithium battery age and sun based charging system of a scale that matches the longing

Connecting the dots:

India is pushing forward to transform into a world boss in the electric vehicles industry. Fundamentally examine the issues and troubles before the Indian vehicle industry to move to electric vehicles.


(TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE)


Model questions: (You can now post your answers in the comment section)

Q.1) Consider the following statements about The POCSO Act, 2012,

  1. The Act describes a child as any person underneath sixteen years of age.
  2. The showing is explicitly impartial.

Select the incorrect statements

  1. Only 1
  2. Only 2
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.2) Consider the following statements about Ponzi schemes in India,

  1. Ponzi plans are lawful in India.
  2. Ponzi plans are controlled by SEBI.

Select the correct statements

  1. Only 1
  2. Only 2
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.3) Consider the following statements about Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY),

  1. PMGSY is being executed by the Ministry of street transport
  2. PMGSY was propelled in December 2014 with a target to give single all-climate street network to the qualified detached residence of assigned populace size

Select the correct statements

  1. Only 1
  2. Only 2
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.4) Article 190 of the Indian Constitution is related to,

  1. Get-away of seats in both the places of parliament
  2. Excursion of seats in both the places of the State governing body
  3. Excursion of seats in Lok sabha
  4. Nothing from what was just mentioned

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