UPSC Exam Current Affairs and News Analysis (10-08-2019)

Highlights |UPSC Exam Current Affairs 10-08-2019

Current Affairs and News (10-08-2019)- The following article contains all the updated events and news for IAS Preparation. Our daily IAS Current Affairs and News cover the most important topics to give precise information to the reader and IAS Aspirants.

  • National Crisis Management Committee
  • Sex-ratio at birth
  • Article 371F
  • Prevention of money laundering act (PMLA)
  • Virasat-e-Khalsa
  • Every child to get Rotavirus vaccine

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UPSC Exam Current Affairs 10-08-2019 are followed in the part below:

UPSC Exam Current Affairs and News Analysis (10-08-2019)

National Crisis Management Committee

Part of: GS Prelims and Mains GS-III Disaster Management

In News

  • As of late Cabinet Secretary seats NCMC meeting to survey flood circumstances in Maharashtra, Karnataka, Kerala, and Gujarat.
  • At the national level, Cabinet Committee on Security (CCS) and National Crisis Management Committee (NCMC) are the key panels associated with the top-level basic leadership wrt Disaster Management (DM).
  • NDMC is a transitory advisory group set up in the wake of a characteristic cataclysm. Its key capacity incorporates
    • Successful coordination and execution of alleviation measures and tasks.
    • Supervising the direction, control, and coordination of the fiasco reaction.
  • Synthesis of NDMC:
    • Bureau Secretary (Chairperson).
    • Secretaries of Ministries/Departments and organizations with explicit Disaster the executive’s duties

Sex-ratio at birth

Part of: GS Prelims and Mains GS I – Society

In News

  • The sex proportion during childbirth (SRB) in the nation, characterized as the number of female births per 1,000 male births
  • SRB improved from 914 to 919 between the third and fourth National Family Health Surveys (NFHS), completed in 2005-06 and 2015-16 individually
  • The most elevated improvement was in Punjab at 126 to reach SRB of 860
  • Second most noteworthy improvement in SRB was in Kerala, by 122 points from 925 out of 2005-06 to 1,047 of every 2015-16 (the most elevated SRB among all states)
  • The most honed decay was in Sikkim, where the SRB dropped 175 points to arrive at 809, (the least SRB among all states)
  • SRB has been falling in states like Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Madhya Pradesh, and Assam
  • Activities, for example, Beti Bachao Beti Padhao, Pre-Conception and Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (PC-PNDT) Act, Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP) Act, Protection of Children from Sexual Offenses (POCSO) Act
https://images.indianexpress.com/2019/08/sds.jpg

Article 371F

Part of: GS Prelims and Mains GS II – Indian Federalism

In News

  • Sikkim CM guarantees individuals of express that Center won’t meddle with Article 371F and furthermore dismissed any plausibility of the merger of Sikkim and Darjeeling slopes,
  • Article 371F of the Constitution is the consequence of the understanding in 1975 between the Union of India, the lord of Sikkim and the State’s ideological groups
  • Article 371F (36th Amendment Act, 1975): To secure the rights and interests of different segments of the number of inhabitants in Sikkim, Parliament may accommodate the number of seats in the Assembly to be filled distinctly by applicants from those segments

Do You know?

  • Articles 369 through 392 (counting some that have been expelled) show up in Part XXI of the Constitution, titled ‘Transitory, Transitional and Special Provisions‘.
  • Article 370 managed ‘Transitory Provisions as for the State of Jammu and Kashmir’ which was perused down as of late by Presidential request.
  • Article 371, Maharashtra and Gujarat: Governor has “exceptional duty” to build up “separate improvement sheets” for “Vidarbha, Marathwada, and the remainder of Maharashtra”, and Saurashtra and Kutch in Gujarat.
  • Articles 371A through 371J were fused, therefore.
  • Article 371A (thirteenth Amendment Act, 1962), Nagaland
  • Article 371B (22nd Amendment Act, 1969), Assam
  • Article 371C (27th Amendment Act, 1971), Manipur
  • Article 371D (32nd Amendment Act, 1973, Andhra Pradesh and Telangana
  • Article 371E: it takes into consideration the foundation of a college in Andhra Pradesh by a law of Parliament. In any case, this is certainly not a “unique arrangement” in the feeling of the others in this part.
  • Article 371G (53rd Amendment Act, 1986), Mizoram
  • Article 371H (55th Amendment Act, 1986), Arunachal Pradesh
  • Article 371J (98th Amendment Act, 2012), Karnataka
  • Article 371I arrangements with Goa, yet it does exclude any arrangement that can be regarded as ‘uncommon’.

Prevention of money laundering act (PMLA)

Part of: GS Prelims and Mains GS II – Public administration

In News

  • The Center has given notice on specific changes in PMLA
  • A clarification added to Section 45 explains that all PMLA offenses will be cognizable and non-bailable.
  • In this manner, the Enforcement Directorate (ED) officials are engaged to capture a charged without warrant, subject to specific conditions.
  • New change gets rid of the pre-essential of an FIR or charge sheet by different offices that are approved to test the offenses recorded in the PMLA plan.
  • Presently, under Section 44, the Special Court, while managing the offense under this Act will not be reliant upon any requests gone in regard to the booked offense, and the preliminary of the two arrangements of offenses by a similar court will not be interpreted as joint preliminary.
  • The extent of “continues of wrongdoing”, under Section 2, has been extended to enable the office to act against even those properties which “may straightforwardly or in a roundabout way be inferred or acquired because of any crime relatable to the booked offense”

Virasat-e-Khalsa

Part of: GS Prelims and Mains GS II – Public administration

In News

  • The Virasat-e-Khalsa historical center is set to discover a spot in Asia Book of Records for turning into the most visited exhibition hall in the Asian sub-landmass on a solitary day.
  • Virasat-e-Khalsa was worked to honor the rich history and culture of Punjab and Sikhism.
  • It was introduced in 2011 and situated in Anandpur Sahib town in Punjab
  • This would be the third section for the gallery in record books. Prior, Virasat-e-Khalsa made it to Limca Book of Records in the February 2019 release and India Book of Records.

(MAINS FOCUS)


HEALTH

TOPIC:

General studies 2

  • Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes

General studies 3

  • Issues relating to the development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health

Every child to get Rotavirus vaccine

Context:

  • Health Minister intends to give it overall States and UTs by this September

Concerns:

  • In India, consistently, 37 out of each 1,000 kids brought into the world can’t commend their fifth birthday celebration, and one of the significant purposes behind this is diarrhoeal passings. Out of the considerable number of reasons for loose bowels, Rotavirus is a main source of the runs in youngsters under 5 years old Rotavirus
  • Looseness of the bowels was perhaps the greatest executioner in kids and Rotavirus was one of the most well-known reasons for extreme the runs in kids under 2 years old.
  • It is assessed that Rotavirus causes 8,72,000 hospitalizations; 32,70,000 outpatient visits and evaluated 78,000 passings yearly in India. Rotavirus looseness of the bowels can be averted through inoculation

What is Rotavirus?

  • Rotavirus can cause diarrhea, which can prompt a lack of hydration (not having enough water in the body).
  • Rotavirus is an infectious illness that spreads effectively from youngster to kid.
  • Rotavirus spreads when an individual interacts with the excrement of somebody who has rotavirus and afterward contacts their very own mouth. For instance, rotavirus can spread when a kid with rotavirus doesn’t wash their hands appropriately in the wake of heading off to the washroom and afterward contacts nourishment or different articles.

Symptoms

  • Serious diarrhea
  • Hurling
  • Lack of hydration
  • Fever
  • Stomach torment

World Health Organization (WHO) suggests that the principal portion of rotavirus immunization be managed as quickly as time permits following a month and a half of age, alongside DTP inoculation (Diptheria, lockjaw, and pertussis).

WHO has suggested the consideration of rotavirus antibody in the National Schedules of the nations where under-five mortality because of diarrhoeal infections is over 10%.

Currently, two vaccines are available against rotavirus:

  • Rotarix (GlaxoSmithKline): is a monovalent immunization prescribed to be orally regulated in two dosages at 6-12 weeks.
  • Rota Teq (Merck) is a pentavalent immunization prescribed to be orally regulated in three dosages beginning at 6-12 weeks of age.

Monovalent vaccine and Pentavalent vaccine

  • Monovalent immunizations are intended to vaccinate against a solitary antigen or single microorganism.
  • Pentavalent immunization gives assurance to a kid from five hazardous sicknesses – Diphtheria, Pertussis, Tetanus, Hepatitis B and Haemophilus Influenzae type b (Hib).

 Initiatives to be taken by the government:

  • The Health Ministry has drawn a driven arrangement under the 100 days plan of the recently chosen government, wherein it has been chosen to give Rotavirus antibody to each kid over all States and Union Territories by September 2019
  • Rotavirus antibody alongside appropriate sanitation, handwashing practices, ORS and zinc supplementation will go far in lessening the mortality and grimness because of looseness of the bowels in kids.
  • The administration was additionally dedicated to expanding the full vaccination inclusion and guaranteeing that the advantage of the life-sparing antibodies was given to each youngster.
  • The runs can be counteracted through general estimates like great cleanliness, visit hand washing, safe water, and safe nourishment utilization, restrictive breastfeeding and nutrient A supplementation.
  • Rotavirus immunization was presented in 2016 of every a staged way, starting with 4 States at first and later extended to 7 additional States.
  • The Rotavac has been presented in India’s Universal Immunization Program (UIP) including Inactivated Polio Vaccine(IPV), Measles, Rubella (MR) antibody, Adult Japanese Encephalitis (JE) immunization, Tuberculosis, Diphtheria, Pertussis, Hepatitis B, Pneumonia and Meningitis due to Haemophilus Influenzae type b (Hib).

Connecting the dots:

  1. Examine the measures taken by the Government to control the transferable ailments?

(TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE)


Model questions: (You can now post your answers in the comment section)

Note: 

  • Featured Comments and comments Up-voted by whataftercollege are the “correct answers”.

Q.1) Consider the following statements about the National Crisis Management Committee

  1. It is a statutory body established under the Disaster Management Act, 2005
  2. Its function includes overseeing the command, control, and coordination of the disaster response.
  3. It is headed by Prime Minister

Which of the statement(s) given above is / are incorrect?

  1. 1 only
  2. 3 only
  3. 2 and 3 only
  4. 1 and 3 only

Q.2) Consider the following statements about the Prevention of Money Laundering Act

  1. The Enforcement Directorate (ED) officers are empowered to arrest an accused without warrant, subject to certain conditions.
  2. There is pre-requisite of an FIR or charge sheet by other authorized agencies, for ED officers to begin the investigation into any money laundering cases

Which of the statement(s) given above is / are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.3) Consider the following statements about Sex Ratio at Birth (SRB)

  1. It is defined as the number of female births per 1 lakh male births
  2. Sikkim has the lowest SRB as per the National Family Health Survey –IV, 2015-16
  3. The highest improvement of SRB (between 2005-06 and 2015-16) was in Punjab

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 1,2 and 3

Q.4) Consider the following statements about Article 371F

  1. It is a special provision to protect the rights and interests of various sections of the population of Nagaland
  2. It is introduced by the 52nd Constitutional Amendment Act, 1985

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

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