UPSC Exam | Current Affairs and News Analysis (13-01-2020)

UPSC Exam Current Affairs and News Analysis (13-01-2020)

upsc exam current affairs 13-01-2020

Highlights |UPSC Exam Current Affairs 13-01-2020

UPSC exam current affairs 13-01-2020 The following article contains all the updated events and news for IAS Preparation. Our daily IAS Current Affairs and News cover the most important topics to give precise information to the reader and IAS Aspirants.

  • Vanga Nari (Fox- Jallikattu)
  • Bojjannakonda: Buddhist site in Andhra Pradesh
  • Indian Polity
  • Challenges of Non-Scheduled Indian Languages

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UPSC Exam Current Affairs 13-01-2020 are followed in the part below:

UPSC Exam Current Affairs and News Analysis (13-01-2020)

Vanga Nari (Fox- Jallikattu)

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-I- Society, Culture

In News

  • The jallikattu-like occasion utilizing foxes, or vanga Nari in Tamil, is sorted out on Kaanum Pongal in Tamil Nadu towns as individuals trust it will bring plentiful downpour and favourable luck.
  • The creatures are gagged and their rear legs tied with rope. After extraordinary customs are led, the hapless creatures are pursued through the boulevards, much like bulls in the more traditional jallikattu. After the occasion, the creatures are discharged into the woodland.
  • Foxes have secured animal groups under the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972, an chasing or catching them is restricted.

H9N2: India’s first case detected by National Institute of Virology, Pune

Part of: GS Prelims – Diseases and GS-II- Health

In News

  • H9N2 infections have been seen in poultry in India a few times. Be that as it may, this is the primary recognizable proof of the clinical human instance of H9N2 infection disease.
  • It H9N2 is a subtype of the flu An infection, which causes human flu just as feathered creature influenza.
  • The H9N2 subtype was confined without precedent for Wisconsin, the US in 1966 from turkey runs.
  • H9N2 infection contaminations in people are uncommon, yet likely under-revealed because of normally mellow manifestations of the diseases. Instances of human contamination have been seen in Hong Kong, China, Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Egypt

SEA GUARDIANS: Bilateral Naval exercise between China & Pakistan

Part of: GS Prelims and GS Mains II- International Affairs

In News

  • This is the 6th joint maritime exercise among China and Pakistan, yet it is the first occasion when the activity was named “ocean watchmen.”
  • It was held in the northern Arabian Sea, to upgrade security collaboration between the two nations.
  • The North Arabian Sea is respected deliberately noteworthy for China which is presently building up Pakistan’s profound water Gwadar port there as a piece of China-Pakistan. Financial Corridor(CPEC) Project of China’s Belt and Road activity.
  • The Gwadar is additionally found near Iran’s Chabahar Port being together created by Iran, India and Afghanistan to guarantee an exchange passageway for Indian fares to Afghanistan.
  • Ocean gatekeepers are required to turn into a progression of maritime activities with Pakistan, like the ‘warrior’ arrangement of joint land practices and the shaheen arrangement of joint air works out.

Bojjannakonda: Buddhist site in Andhra Pradesh

Part of: GS Prelims and GS Mains –I – History, Art & Culture

In News

  • Bojjannakonda and Lingalametta are twin Buddhist monasteries dating back to the 3rd century BC. 
  • These sites have seen three forms of Buddhism — 
    • The Theravada period when Lord Buddha was considered a teacher; 
    • The Mahayana, where Buddhism was more devotional; and 
    • Vajrayana, where Buddhist tradition was more practised as Tantra and in the esoteric form
  • The site is famous for many votive stupasrock-cut caves, brick-built edifices, early historic pottery, and Satavahana coins that date back to the 1st century AD.

Indian Coast Guard Ships (ICGS) — Annie Besant and Amrit Kaur —commissioned 

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-III- Security

In News

  • ICGS Annie Besant will be based at Chennai and ICGS Amrit Kaur will be based at Haldia.
  • The boats are fitted with best in class innovation, and route gear, alongside Bofors 40/60 weapons and 12.7 mm Stabilized Remote Controlled Guns for upgraded battling effectiveness.

About Rajkumari Amrit Kaur

  • Kaur helped to establish the All India Women’s Conference alongside Margaret Cousins in 1927.
  • She was likewise an individual from Constituent Assembly and a part Sub-Committee on Fundamental Rights and Sub-Committee on Minorities.
  • She proceeded to become autonomous India’s first wellbeing clergyman

(MAINS FOCUS)


Indian Polity

TOPIC: General Studies 2:

  • Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications.

Internet Shutdown and Section 144

Context:

  • Preeminent Court governing on the web shutdown in Jammu and Kashmir since August fifth, 2019.
  • Likewise, as of late at whatever point there is the plausibility of serene vote based fights, the regulatory specialists promptly shut down web and forces area 144. This is utilized as a careful step with the goal that the fights don’t wind insane prompting viciousness, fire-related crime and law and request issues upsetting open.

What is section 144?

  • It is an area of the Code of Criminal Procedure, which denies getting together of at least five individuals, holding of open gatherings, and conveying of guns and can be conjured for as long as two months (extendable as long as a half year)
  • Area 144 additionally engages the specialists to square web get to.

What is the impact of such restrictive measures, especially blocking internet access?

  • The opportunity of quiet gather ensured under Article 19 (1)(b) is limited particularly when the official requests forcing this area isn’t made open.
  • Right to Freedom of discourse and articulation under Article 19(1)(a) is affected as the medium to get to data, for example, the web is blocked.
  • Right to continue exchange exercises under Article 10(1)(g) is likewise adversely affected by the confinements set on the development of individuals.
  • The economy of the district unfavourably influenced as access to e-banking offices obstructed because of a transitory restriction on the web. Web shutdown around the globe in 2019 has cost the worldwide economy over $8 billion.
  • Conveyance of government welfare arrangements influenced particularly in the present period of e-administration and digitization of the procedure.
  • Medicinal services arrangements affected particularly where government plans like Ayushman Bharat have received advanced methods for conveyance process

What was the Supreme Court ruling in a case dealing with internet shutdown in J&K?

  • Right to Freedom of Speech & Expression is constitutionally protected. Therefore, an order suspending internet services indefinitely is impermissible
    • The Court applied the proportionality doctrine to reason that “complete blocking/prohibition perpetually cannot be accepted”.
  • The review committee should be constituted under the suspension rules (of Indian Telegraph Act) that will conduct a periodic review of the suspension within seven working days of the previous review

With regard to Section 144

  • Any order passed under Section 144, CrPC should be published alongside stating the material facts to enable judicial review of the same. 
    • Lack of public accessibility of these orders (citing National Security reasons) has prevented citizens from filing cases in the High Court against such executive order
    • It was against the “sealed cover jurisprudence” that is a recent phenomenon in Indian Judiciary
  • Section 144 cannot be used to suppress the legitimate expression of opinion
    • Executive cannot arbitrarily impose section 144. Not just apprehension of danger, but there has to be an emergency question for passing such executive orders
  • Repetitive orders passed under Section 144 would be an abuse of power

Criticisms of the judgement

  • The judgment was a statist articulation of law. It was one started on lawful anti-extremism than one propelling central rights.
  • Absence of forces to audit board: The advisory group will be primarily made out of civil servants and no autonomous individuals will need freedom and genuine capacity to topple the underlying Internet shutdown orders.
  • The court avoided deciding that entrance to the Internet is a central right, it, nonetheless, said that the Internet as a medium is utilized to practice other crucial rights.
  • The legal audit, ensured by the court, itself sets aside a long effort to give alleviation as was in the present case. The Supreme Court ought to have given a time period inside which such cases ought to be managed given its effect on the Democratic establishments of society.

Way Ahead

  • Given that State has to balance the need to guarantee freedom and National Security, such sort of preventive law and request measures ought to be utilized as a final retreat.

Connecting the dots

  • Fixed Cover Jurisprudence – Cases where such methodology was embraced.
  • Is Right to get to web a Fundamental right? What are the potential ramifications on the Indian Polity with such acknowledgement of the new right in the time of web?

Indian Federalism

TOPIC: General Studies 2:

  • Issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure

Challenges of Non-Scheduled Indian Languages

Context

An MP from Kerala’s Kasargod region arguing for including Tulu in the Eighth Schedule

Present Scheme of Indian Languages

  • Hindi and English are the official dialects of the Central Government for correspondence and managerial purposes, no language in India has been presented the status of the national language.
  • There is no national language in India as every one of the states is allowed to choose their very own official dialects. This is essential to address the gigantic phonetic assorted variety in the nation.
  • The Eighth Schedule to the Constitution of India records the official dialects of the Republic of India. By and by, it comprises of 22 dialects.
  • Additionally, to date, six dialects have been given the status of ‘Old style Language’ in India. They are Kannada, Telugu, Tamil, Sanskrit, Malayalam and Odia.
  • In any case, Article 351 of the Constitution says that it will be the obligation of the Union to advance the spread of the Hindi language, to create it with the goal that it might fill in as a vehicle of articulation for every one of the components of the composite culture of India.
  • As indicated by the 2001 Census, India has 30 dialects that are spoken by in excess of a million people each.
  • India likewise has 1,599 dialects, the vast majority of which are tongues. These are confined to explicit districts and a significant number of them are very nearly termination.

Constitutional Safeguards

  • Article 29 of the Constitution gives that an area of residents having an unmistakable language, content or culture reserve the privilege to ration the equivalent.
  • Eighth Schedule and Classical Status
  • No National Language
  • Article 350B: Appointment of Special Officer for the phonetic minority with the sole obligations of shielding the enthusiasm of language spoken by the minority gatherings.

Cause of Concern 

  • Numerous dialects that are kept out of Eighth Schedule are here and there all the more having the right to be remembered for the Schedule.
  • For Example Sanskrit, an Eighth Schedule language has just 24,821 speakers (2011 Census). Manipuri, another booked language, has just 17,61,079 speakers.
  • So also, numerous unscheduled dialects have a sizeable number of speakers: Bhili/Bhilodi has 1,04,13,637 speakers; Gondi has 29,84,453 speakers; Garo has 11,45,323; Ho has 14,21,418; Khandeshi, 18,60,236; Khasi, 14,31,344; and Oraon, 19,88,350.

Case for Tulu Language to be included in Eighth Schedule

  • Tulu is a Dravidian language whose speakers are packed in two beachfront locales of Karnataka and in Kasaragod region of Kerala.
  • The Census reports 18,46,427 local speakers of Tulu in India. The Tulu-talking individuals are bigger in number than speakers of Manipuri and Sanskrit, which have the Eighth Schedule status.
  • The Census reports 18,46,427 local speakers of Tulu in India. The Tulu-talking individuals are bigger in number than speakers of Manipuri and Sanskrit, which have the Eighth Schedule status.
  • Robert Caldwell (1814-1891), in his book, A Comparative Grammar of the Dravidian Or South-Indian Family of Languages, called Tulu as “one of the most exceptionally created dialects of the Dravidian family”.

Advantages of Inclusion of a Language in Eighth Schedule:

  • Acknowledgement from the Sahitya Akademi.
  • Individuals from Parliament (MP) and Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA) could speak Tulu in Parliament and State Assemblies, separately.
  • Interpretation of Tulu scholarly works into different dialects
  • The choice to take focused tests in Tulu including all-India aggressive assessments like the Civil Services test.
  • Unique assets from the Central government.
  • The educating of Tulu in essential and secondary school.

Way Ahead

  • Setting all language on an equivalent balance will advance Social concordance, consideration and National Solidarity
  • Insurance and conservation of assorted dialects ought to stay on paper as well as executed on the ground with the satisfactory arrangement of assets on language improvement programs.

Did You know?

The Yuelu Proclamation:

  • The Proclamation was made by the UNESCO at Changsha, China in 2018.
  • The Yuelu Proclamation is the main UNESCO record of its sort committed to the assurance of phonetic assorted variety, and is additionally a significant supporting archive for the “UN International Year of Indigenous Languages 2019”.
  • It affirms that ensuring etymological decent variety is the foundation for building a worldwide network with a common future, and for advancing balance, shared learning and understanding, and encouraging trades far and wide.
  • The record approaches part states to detail activity intends to advance language and social assorted variety and urges scholarly and indigenous associations to give the assets required to help battle the loss of indigenous dialects.

Connecting the dots

  • Languages are an important identity of India’s liberal and democratic society. Elaborate
  • How can India accommodate the plethora of languages in its cultural discourse and administrative apparatus?

(TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE)


Model questions: (You can now post your answers in the comment section)

Q.1) Sea Guardian is a bi-lateral Naval Exercise between which two countries?

  1. India and Japan
  2. India and Sri Lanka
  3. China and Pakistan
  4. Pakistan and Russia

Q.2) Jallikattu often seen in the news is predominantly associated with which region/state of India?

  1. Karnataka
  2. Tamil Nadu
  3. Gujarat
  4. Nagaland

Q.3) Consider the following statements about Amrit Kaur

  1. She co-founded the All India Women’s Conference in 1927
  2. She was Independent India’s first Health minister

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.4) Consider the following statements about H9N2

  1. It is a subtype of the influenza A virus, which causes human influenza as well as bird flu
  2. Recently in Jan 2020, H9N2 viruses have been observed for the first time in poultry in India

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.5) Yuelu Proclamation is related to which of the following field?

  1. Gender Security
  2. Terrorism
  3. Food Safety
  4. Language Protection


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