UPSC Exam | Current Affairs and News Analysis (11-01-2020)

UPSC Exam Current Affairs and News Analysis (11-01-2020)

upsc exam current affairs 11-01-2020

Highlights |UPSC Exam Current Affairs 11-01-2020

UPSC exam current affairs 11-01-2020 The following article contains all the updated events and news for IAS Preparation. Our daily IAS Current Affairs and News cover the most important topics to give precise information to the reader and IAS Aspirants.

  • Nepal’s Language Seke Near Extinct
  • Coronavirus: New virus identified by Chinese researchers
  • Integrated Steel Hub
  • Health

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UPSC Exam Current Affairs 11-01-2020 are followed in the part below:

UPSC Exam Current Affairs and News Analysis (11-01-2020)

Nepal’s Language Seke Near Extinct

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-I- Society 

In News

  • The New York Times as of late detailed that the “close wiped out” Nepalese language Sekehas only 700 speakers around the globe.
  • Conceivable explanation: Nepali which is Nepal’s authentic language is viewed as vital for getting instructive and business openings outside towns. Hence, the more youthful age doesn’t discover a lot of utilization in learning the language, offering inclination to Nepali and English.
  • The defenselessness of the language is likewise connected to the movement of individuals to places where Seke isn’t spoken, which has decreased the intergenerational transmission of the language.

Do You know?

  • The year 2019, was the International Year of Indigenous Languages, commanded by the United Nations.
  • According to UNESCO, approximately 57 percent of the world’s assessed 6,000 dialects are sheltered, around 10 percent are powerless, 10.7 percent are unquestionably jeopardized
  • There are approximately 201 jeopardized dialects in India and around 70 in Nepal.

Chinese paddlefish (Psephurus gladius): Gone Extinct

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-III- Environment Conservation 

In News

  • It is a freshwater fish, going back from 200 million years prior whose tribal home was the Yangtze River.
  • It is otherwise called Chinese swordfish with a snot-like structure pressed with cells to identify electrical movement in prey creatures, for example, scavengers.
  • It is pronounced wiped out by Chinese specialists dependent on the Red List criteria of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
  • Overfishing and territory fracture — including dam-building — made its populace diminish from the 1970s forward.

Coronavirus: New virus identified by Chinese researchers

Part of: GS Prelims and GS Mains II- Health

In News

  • Coronaviruses are a particular group of infections, with some of them causing less-serious harm, for example, the basic cold, and others causing respiratory and intestinal ailments.
  • A coronavirus has many “normally organized” distensions on its surface, in light of which the whole infection molecule resembles a sovereign’s crown, consequently the name “coronavirus”
  • Up until this point, there are four known illness-causing coronaviruses, among which the most popular are the SARS coronavirus and the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) coronavirus, the two of which can cause extreme respiratory sicknesses.

Does it impact only humans?

  • Aside from individuals, coronaviruses can influence warm-blooded creatures including pigs, dairy cattle, felines, hounds, martens, camels, hedgehogs and a few feathered creatures.

Integrated Steel Hub

Part of: GS Prelims and GS Mains –II- Indian Polity- Cooperative Federalism; GS-III- Economy

In News

  • Incorporated Steel Hub will envelop Odisha, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, West Bengal and Northern Andhra Pradesh.
  • It plans to pull in speculation of about $70 billion in the steel segment and spike financial development crosswise over eastern India.
  • It is a ‘Purvodaya’ activity for centred advancement of eastern states.
  • The eastern states, all things considered, hold almost 80% of the nation’s iron metal, a large portion of local coking coal saves and a noteworthy part of chromite, bauxite and dolomite saves.
  • Out of the 300 mt steel limit by 2030-31, the district alone is fit for contributing more than 200 mt.

STATE ENERGY EFFICIENCY INDEX 2019 released

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-III- Economy

In News

  • The list tracks the advancement of Energy Efficiency activities in 36 States and Union Territories dependent on 97 huge markers.
  • The list is created by the Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) in relationship with Alliance for an Energy Efficient Economy (AEEE).
  • The main such Index was propelled in August 2018.
  • The file this year joins subjective, quantitative and result based pointers to evaluate vitality effectiveness activities, projects and results in five unmistakable segments – structures, industry, regions, transport, farming, and DISCOMs.
  • For judicious correlation, States/UTs are classified as ‘Leader’, ‘Achiever’, ‘Contender’ and ‘Hopeful’ in view of collected Total Primary Energy Supply (TPES) required to meet the state’s real vitality request (power, coal, oil, gas, and so forth.) crosswise over parts.
  • The top-performing states in the State EE Index 2019 – Haryana, Kerala and Karnataka – are in the ‘Achiever’ classification.

Indian Cyber Crime Coordination Centre (I4C) Inaugurated 

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-III- Cyber Security

In News

  • The I4C is a seven-pronged framework, which incorporates a cybercrime announcing entry, the examination of dangers, limit building, research and advancement, making a biological system for cybercrime the board and a joint cybercrime examination stage for law requirement offices.
  • I4C is situated in New Delhi

Do You know?

  • In Aug 2019, the MHA had disclosed its National Cyber Crime Reporting Portal through which residents can report any sort of cybercrime regardless of where it has happened
  • Up until this point, in excess of 700 police regions and in excess of 3,900 police headquarters have been associated with this entryway

(MAINS FOCUS)


Health

TOPIC: General Studies 2:

  • Issues relating to the development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health,

Polio Disease

Context:

The World Health Organization reported that polio will keep on staying a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC) for a quarter of a year.

What is Polio?

  • Polio, short for poliomyelitis, or juvenile loss of motion, is an irresistible ailment brought about by the poliovirus. The infection pulverizes nerve cells in the spinal string causing muscle squandering and loss of motion.
  • There are three wild kinds of poliovirus (WPV) – type 1, type 2, and type 3. Individuals should be ensured against every one of the three kinds of the infection so as to forestall polio illness
  • Indications: Many individuals who are tainted with the poliovirus don’t get wiped out and have no manifestations. Nonetheless, the individuals who do turn out to be sick create a loss of motion, which can once in a while be lethal

Is it Curable?

  • There is no remedy for polio, it must be forestalled. Polio immunization, given on numerous occasions, can ensure a kid forever.

What is Vaccine derived Polio Virus?

  • There is no remedy for polio, it must be forestalled. Polio immunization, given on numerous occasions, can ensure a kid forever.
  • Immunization contains debilitated infection actuating an invulnerable reaction in the body, developing antibodies against infection.
  • These are uncommon strains of poliovirus that have hereditarily transformed from the infection strain contained in the oral polio vaccine(OPV) managed to kids. 90% of VDPV cases were because of the sort 2 segment in OPV

Does Polio still exist?

  • Polio does, in any case, exist, in spite of the fact that polio cases have diminished by over 99% since 1988, from an expected in excess of 350 000 cases to 22 announced cases in 2017.
  • Today, just 3 nations on the planet have never halted transmission of wild polio infection (Pakistan, Afghanistan and Nigeria).

Why has WHO raised the alarm now? 

  • Because of the rising danger of the worldwide spread of wild poliovirus type-1. There were 156 instances of wild polio type-1 cases in 2019 contrasted and 28 out of 2018.
  • A similarly upsetting advancement is on the episode of immunization inferred poliovirus cases in 16 nations; taking all things together, there were 249 antibody determined poliovirus cases in 2019.
  • Notwithstanding the advancement accomplished since 1988, up to a solitary kid stays contaminated with poliovirus, youngsters in all nations are in danger of getting the infection.
  • The poliovirus can undoubtedly be brought into a without polio nation and can spread quickly among unimmunized populaces.
  • Inability to kill polio could result in upwards of 200 000 new cases each year, inside 10 years, everywhere throughout the world.

Concern for India

  • On 27 March 2014, the World Health Organization (WHO) proclaimed India a sans polio nation, since no instances of wild polio been accounted for in for a long time.
  • With rising case in the neighbouring nation, where Pakistan (128 of 156) represented the most number of cases in 2019, there are threats of an infection getting sent out from Pakistan to Iran and Afghanistan which is as of now confronting a helpful emergency because of wars.

Way forward

  • Immunization determined polioviruses must be overseen similarly as wild poliovirus flare-ups. The arrangement is the equivalent for all polio flare-ups: inoculate each kid a few times with oral polio antibody to stop polio transmission, paying little mind to whether the infection is wild or immunization inferred.
  • The worldwide network must meet up to immunize youngsters in Afghanistan (aggregate of 8,60,000 kids in Afghanistan didn’t get polio antibody because of security dangers) and Pakistan.

Do You know?

  • Nigeria is good to go to be pronounced as having annihilated polio this year, and thus, the whole African area will turn out to be liberated from wild poliovirus

Connecting the dots

  • Crucial of the legislature of India.
  • India is perhaps the biggest maker and exporters of immunizations yet has one of the most elevated preventable youth death paces of any nation on the planet. Why?

(TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE)


Model questions: (You can now post your answers in the comment section)

Q.1) Seke language is often seen in news is predominantly associated with which region/country?

  1. North-East region of India
  2. Bhutan
  3. Nepal 
  4. SriLanka

Q.2) Indian Cyber Crime Coordination (I4C) is located in which City of India?

  1. Bengaluru
  2. Chennai
  3. Hyderabad
  4. None of the above

Q.3) Consider the following statements about Chinese paddlefish

  1. It is a freshwater fish having an ancestral home in the Yangtze river and Yellow river basin in China
  2. It is in Critically endangered list of International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.4) Consider the following statements about Integrated Steel Hub that is being planned in Eastern part of India

  1. It aims to attract investment of nearly $70 billion in the steel sector and spur economic growth across eastern India
  2. It is part of ‘Purvodaya’ initiative for focused development of eastern states.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.5) Consider the following statements about CoronaVirus

  1. These are newly discovered species of the virus which can cause severe respiratory and intestinal diseases
  2. They are known to infect only humans

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.6) Consider the following statements about the State Energy Efficiency Index 

  1. It is released by NITI Aayog
  2. It helps states contribute towards national goals on energy security and climate action by helping drive Energy Efficiency policies and programs

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2


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