UPSC Exam | Current Affairs and News Analysis (17-02-2020)

UPSC Exam Current Affairs and News Analysis (17-02-2020)

upsc exam current affairs 17-02-2020

Highlights |UPSC Exam Current Affairs 17-02-2020

UPSC exam current affairs 17-02-2020 The following article contains all the updated events and news for IAS Preparation. Our daily IAS Current Affairs and News cover the most important topics to give precise information to the reader and IAS Aspirants.

  • Masood Azhar & family missing, Pak. tells financial watchdog FATF
  • NH 66 expansion hit more lives, ecology than estimated
  • Convention on Migratory Species
  • International Affairs
  • Governance

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UPSC Exam Current Affairs 17-02-2020 are followed in the part below:

UPSC Exam Current Affairs and News Analysis (17-02-2020)



Masood Azhar & family missing, Pak. tells financial watchdog FATF

Part of: GS Prelims –Polity and GS-II- International organization

In news:

  • Pakistan has educated the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) that Masood Azhar, organizer of fear outfit Jaish-e-Mohammad (JeM), and his family are “absent”.
  • Recorded as an assigned fear monger by the United Nations Security Council 1267 Committee
  • The FATF is currently looking into Pakistan’s case to check whether it satisfies the worldwide principles criteria to battle dread financing.
  • The FATF is led by China.
  • JeM had guaranteed obligation regarding the Pulwama fear assault on February 14 a year ago when 40 CRPF workforce were executed in a vehicle bombarding.

Timeline:

Daily Current Affairs IAS | UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam – 17th February 2020

Src: the hindu

From Prelims Point of View:

FATF (Financial Action Task Force)

  • Set up in 1989 by a Group of Seven (G-7) Summit in Paris
  •  To inspect and create measures to battle illegal tax avoidance.
  • As of late in 2012, it extended its order to join endeavours to battle fear-based oppressor financing,
  • Secretariat is housed at the OECD home office in Paris.

United Nations Security Council resolution 1267

  • Embraced consistently on1999
  • the Council assigned Osama container Laden and relates as psychological oppressors
  • Set up an assents system to cover people and elements related with Al-Qaida, Osama container Laden or potentially the Taliban any place found

NH 66 expansion hit more lives, ecology than estimated

Part of: GS Prelims –Economy and GS-III- Infrastructure 

In news:

  • The development of National Highway 66 (NH 66) from Karwar to Kundapura has affected a lot more lives and employments of beachfront groups of Uttara Kannada
  • It was contended that the development of the interstate would acquire improvement all zones it went through and prompted the financial development of the district
  • The undertaking Environment Impact Assessment (EIA) report didn’t appraise the populace that would be influenced by ecological effects, rather than giving just the gauge of individuals who might be influenced via land securing for the venture.

From Prelims Point of View:

NH 66

  • Runs generally north-south along the western bank of India
  • Interfaces Panvel (a city south of Mumbai) to Cape Comorin (Kanyakumari),
  • Going through the conditions of Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu.

Elephantine conflict 

Part of: GS Prelims –Environment  and GS-III- Conservation

In news:

Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change

  • West Bengal, Odisha and Assam — representing about the portion of both human and elephant passings in the general human-elephant struggle in the nation,
  • Recent years 2,361 human passings were recorded in elephant assaults over the country,48% fatalities were from these three States,
  • Unnatural passings of elephants (mostly because of poaching, train mishaps, electric shock and harming), 53% happened in these three States alone.
Daily Current Affairs IAS | UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam – 17th February 2020

Src: the hindu

Baba’s Value addition:

The Indian elephant

  • One of three surviving perceived subspecies of the Asian elephant and local to territory Asia
  • Recorded as Endangered on the IUCN Red List
  • the wild populace has declined by at any rate half since the 1930s to 1940s
  • Compromised by territory misfortune, corruption and discontinuity.

Project Elephant.

  • Service of Environment and Forests (MoEF)flagship elephant protection program — Project Elephant.
  • Propelled in 1992, Centrally-supported plan
  • Principally planned for ensuring elephant, their living spaces and passages
  • Tending to issues of man-creature strife and welfare of trained elephants.
  • Ongoing years venture has steered into the rocks.

Convention on Migratory Species

Part of: GS Prelims –Environment  and GS-III- Conservation

In news:

  • India will have the thirteenth Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Migratory Species (CMS COP13)
  • A significant United Nations untamed life meeting
  • Theme”Migratory species associate the planet and together we invite them home”.

From Prelims Point of View

  • Marked in 1979 in Germany and is known as the Bonn Convention
  • The natural arrangement of the UN that gives a worldwide stage to the preservation and economical utilization of transient creatures and their living spaces
  • Just worldwide show gaining practical experience in the preservation of transitory species, their living spaces and relocation courses.
  • Index I of the Convention records ‘Undermined Migratory Species’.
  • Informative supplement II records ‘Transitory Species requiring worldwide participation’

(MAINS FOCUS)


International Affairs

Topic: General Studies 2:

  • Impact of approaches and governmental issues of created and creating nations on India’s inclinations

Indo- US relationship: Developed Tag on India & its implications

Context

The U.S. has evacuated in excess of twelve nations, including India, from its rundown of nations that are named “creating” for exchange purposes.

These nations will presently be ordered rather as “created” economies, hence stripping them of different exchange benefits.

What is developing country status?

  • The workplace of the United States Trade Representative (USTR) keeps up a rundown of nations that it arranges as creating, created, and least-created.
  • Nations that are named creating are permitted to send out specific products to the U.S. without being hit by reformatory levies that are typically forced on products from created nations
  • The “creating nation” status owes its starting point to the U.S. Exchange Act of 1974, which approved the Generalized System of Preferences (GSP) to enable poor nations to grow quicker.
  • These advantages were expanded further under the World Trade Organization wherein rich nations consented to concede exchange advantages to nations that characterized themselves as poor.
  • Around 66% of nations that are individuals from the WTO characterize themselves as “creating” nations and profit benefits.

Benefits of GSP to India

  1. Indian exporters advantage in a roundabout way – through the advantage that collects to the merchant by method for decreased tax or obligation free passage of qualified Indian items
  2. Decrease or evacuation of import obligation on an Indian item makes it progressively serious to the shipper – different things (for example quality) being equivalent.
  3. This tax inclination encourages new exporters to enter a market and set up exporters to expand their piece of the overall industry and to enhance the net revenues, in the giver nation.

Why is India being stripped of this status?

  • India has customarily been probably the biggest recipient under the GSP, with more than 2,000 products having been excluded from import duties (until it was peeled off in 2019). This has likewise been one reason for India having an exchange surplus with the USA, whereby the Trump organization needs to lessen the hole
  • Trump organization has contended that nations like India and China have seen noteworthy development over the most recent couple of decades and along these lines are not all the more creating nations
  • USA has additionally referred to the portion of worldwide exchange delighted in by India and China and their enrollment in the G20 club to contend that they appreciate the critical monetary force

Impact of US decision

  • The errand of recovering the lost GSP benefits presently turns out to be considerably harder.
  • It will expand the general taxation rate on Indian products entering the USA, accordingly making it costlier than previously.
  • It will pressurize India to open its market to US merchandise Ex: India offered to downsize taxes on American dairy and different items after the U.S. whined about the confined access that American organizations have.
  • It will include further weight the worldwide economy, which has just seen an easing back of development this year.
  • It might additionally prompt a settled in Trade war if those nations which were peeled off their creating status, likewise expands levies on US products

Conclusion

With both the U.S. also, its different warring exchanging accomplices hoping to secure their residential makers instead of customers who profit by lower taxes, accelerations of an exchange war appear to be likely.

Connecting the dots!

  • US-China Trade war
  • Developing Status – should it be based on mere economic progress or on broader socio-economic indicators?

Governance

Topic: General Studies 2:

  • Government approaches and mediations for improvement in different parts and issues emerging out of their structure and execution.
  • Mindfulness in its fields

Data Encryption: Its impact on Child Safety Online

Context

After Facebook reported start to finish encryption for Facebook Messenger and Instagram, an alliance of kid assurance associations and specialists from everywhere throughout the world sent a letter to its CEO communicating worries about the organization’s recommendations.

The encryption proposed won’t affect Facebook’s fundamental social stage yet the entirety of its Messaging administrations like Facebook Messanger, Instagram Direct and Whatsapp.

What is end-to-end encryption?

  • It is an arrangement of locking messages wherein just the individuals who are conveying can see them.
  • Encryption kicks at the moment the message is sent and disentangles for the proposed beneficiary.
  • No outsider can unscramble the message, including stage heads and law implementation offices.
  • It must be shared through screen captures.
  • The upside of this sort of encryption is that it guarantees online security.

What it is being criticised?

  • Security against social substance: Pedophiles and people who wish to trade youngster sex misuse material are for all time protected, as are fear mongers and an interminable assortment of trick specialists.
  • It will be hard to follow merchants of youngster sex entertainment/fear based oppressor content. Such a move won’t permit the fair treatment of observing for content that isn’t alright for youngsters.
  • Conflicting arrangement of Service: Limiting the capacity of organizations themselves to recognize and forestall conduct which negates their own terms of administrations isn’t right and makes a joke of the general concept of having terms of administration in any case

Conclusion

The genuine test will be to pick that method of encryption that will guarantee protection yet address worries of online security as well

Did You know?

  • The Rajya Sabha specially appointed board of trustees that went into the issue of sex entertainment via web-based networking media and its impact on kids has called explicitly to allow breaking of start to finish encryption to follow wholesalers of kid sex entertainment.
  • In 2018, Facebook made 16.8 million reports to the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children (NCMEC), prompting 2,500 captures and 3,000 youngsters being shielded in the U.K alone.

Connecting the dots!

  • Privacy Vs Ability to monitor anti-social content (Ethical Dilemma for Societies)
  • Justice Sri Krishna Committee on Data protection
  • Facebook’s Free Basics Campaign and Issue of Net Neutrality 

(TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE)


Model questions: (You can now post your answers in the comment section)

Q 1. A present group of nations known as G-8 started first as G-7. Which one among the following was not one of them?

  1.  Canada 
  2. Italy 
  3. Japan 
  4. Russia

Q 2. With reference to Indian transport systems, consider the following statements

  1. The Indian railway system is the largest in the world
  2. National Highways cater to 45 percent of the total and transport demand
  3. National Highway No. 7 is the longest in the country

Which of these statements are correct?

  1. 1 and 2 
  2. 1 and 3
  3. 2 and 3 
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Q 3. Which among the following National Highway routes is the longest? 

  1. Agra-Mumbai
  2. Chennai-Thane
  3. Kolkata-Hajira
  4. Pune-Machilipatnam


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